Newton Bascum Baldwin and Martha Ellen Steele
See Chronology of Baldwin-Steele family through censuses for an overview of the origins of the Baldwin line in the Baldwin-Steele family and a fuller account of the family's movements and life.
See Chronology of Steele-Grubb family through censuses for an account of the Steele-Grubb family.
See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett for a look at the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line of the Baldwin-Steele family with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.
Bosoms trump breasts
Compare the clothing the Baldwin sisters are wearing in the circa 1905 family portrait to the right, and those they are wearing in the circa 1907 portrait below. Sada and Lydia are wearing the same outfits. Ida, too, appears to be wearing the same or very similar blouse and belt. Only Meda's dress is clearly different.
The object of female fashions then -- in the age of virtue and modesty -- seems to have been to exaggerate the bosom rather than accentuate the breasts. A large bosom alludes to fertility and motherhood, while shapely breasts suggest sexuality and womanhood. The body, then, was not only covered -- but layered -- with clothing designed to hide a woman's actual figure -- except her waist, which was cinched as tight as possible.
N.B. and Ellen (Steele) Baldwin (Grandma Baldwin)
N. Bascum Baldwin -- also known as "N. B. Baldwin" but socially as "Bascum" -- married Martha Ellen Steele in Kentucky. The couple eventually settled and built a home in Saint Maries, at the confluence of the St. Joe and St. Maries Rivers, in Idaho. Bascum was known as a "Dealer In General Merchandise".
William B. Wetherall said in 2010 that his maternal grandparents had married and started their family in Kentucky, but later migrated to Saint Maries. He said his grandfather, N. B. Baldwin, had been a merchant and businessman, and at times owned a restaurant, general store, and laundry.
N. B. Baldwin In his very small collection of Wetherall-Baldwin family detritus was a yellow business card showing the following information. The card has been lost.
N. B. Baldwin
Judging from the 1880 census, Bascum and Ellen married in their teens as children in neighboring families in Kentucky. All the men in the families were laborers, presumably on farms or in coal mines.
The 1900 census shows them farming in another part of Kentucky with their 4 daughters. The oldest was "Saddy" (17) or "Sally" depending on how one reads the corrected scribble, and the youngest was Ida (9). All 4 of the Baldwin sisters were at school.
Sometime around 1904 or 1905, some of the Baldwin-Steele family members leave Kentucky. N.B. Baldwin appears to be living with Sadie and her husband C. F. Williams in Kansas in 1905 (see 1905 Kansas census below).
By 1907, N.B. and Ellen are resident employees at the insane asylum in Lincoln, Nebraska. He is working as a meat cutter, she as an assistant cook. Lydia was apparently studying at a business college in Lincoln. Meda and Ida were probably also living there. Circa 1906-1907, Lydia married Charles Anstine, a farmer in Utica in Seward County.
By 1908, N.B. and Ellen, and Meda and Ida, had moved to Spokane, Washington, where Ida (and apparently also Meda" attended business colleges, and N.B. and Ellen ran a restaurant. Lydia remained in Nebraska with her new family. In 1909, Meda and Ida are living with their parents in Spokane, Ida still enrolled in a business college, Meda working as a cashier at the restaurant.
By 1910, N.B. and Ellen are running a restaurant and boarding house in St. Maries, Idaho. Meda is living with them while working as a milliner at her own shop.
A photograph probably taken in St. Maries early in 1912, of William B. Wetherall on a boardwalk in St. Maries, shows a restaurant and boarding house that may have belonged to N.B. Baldwin. See Wetherall-Hardman family (Bill and Orene) page for details.
N.B. lived in St. Maries until his death in 1919. The 1920 census shows Ellen living in St. Maries with Meda, Meda's husband Clifford Ure, and their daughter Greta. Lydia underwent surgery for a colostomy in 1927 and died in 1929, and the 1930 census shows Ellen living with Charles Anstine and his and Lydia's daughters on the Anstine farm in Utica. The 1930 census shows Sadie also living and working in Seward. The 1940 census shows Sadie and Ellen living together in St. Maries, where Ellen died in 1943.
So Ellen spent a good part of her life supporting her daughters in their trials and tribulations, both marital and medical. She helped Sadie and her children when Sadie's marriage floundered. She went to Iowa to help Ida deliver William B. Wetherall (my father) in 1911, and then took in my father when Ida was committed to an asylum. She was helped by Meda after N.B. died but reciprocated by helping Meda raise first Greta and later Dale. She helped Lydia in the late 1920s when Lydia had cancer, and remained with Charley and the girls for a while after Lydia died. Her visits with my father in Iowa when he was going to school there during the 1920s inspired him to return to St. Maries, where he lived with Meda's family, but also Ellen and Sadie, during his college years.
William B. Wetherall's mother and aunts
N.B. and Ellen Baldwin had 4 daughters in the span of 7 years from 1883-1890 -- Sadie, Lydia, Meda, and Ida. As adults they led very different lives, and some had hard times.
Sadie lost the first 2 of her 4 children in death in their infancy, separated from her husband while the 2 surviving children were still very young, and raised them alone with occasional help from her mother.
Lydia lost her 1st daughter, and then shortly after the birth of her 4th, she underwent a resection and colostomy operation. Two years later she died, leaving her husband with three daughters, the youngest only 2 years old -- and three years later he also died of cancer.
Meda would live the longest and most stable life of the Baldwin sisters.
Ida would live the shortest and most tragic life. Confined in an asylum about 8 months after her son, William B. Wetherall, my father, was born, she died in confinement 12 years later, probably a victim of what today would be called post-partum depression. In her time, she was just crazy.
Only Lydia and Meda are buried with their husbands. Lydia and Charley Anstine are buried with their eldest daughter, Velma Anstine, in Utica, Nebraska. Meda and Clifford are buried in the Baldwin plot in St. Maries, Idaho, with N. Bascum and M. Ellen Baldwin. Ida Baldwin Wetherall is also buried in the Baldwin plot with her parents and the Ures. Sadie Williams is Coeur dAlene, Idaho.
The portrait to the right was most likely taken in Lincoln, Nebraska, around 1907, which appears to have been the last year the Baldwins and their daughters were living close together. By 1908, N.B. and Ellen, and Ida and apparently also Meda, were in Spokane, while Lydia was in Nebraska, where she had married. Sadie, who married around 1903-1904, had given birth to her Faye -- her 3rd (and 1st surviving) child -- in Iowa in 1906, but Claude -- her 4th (and 2nd surviving) child -- was born in Nebraska in 1907.
The 1910 census shows all the Baldwins except Lydia and Ida -- namely N.B., Ellen, Meda, and Sadie and her 2 children -- living together in St. Maries, Idaho. In 1910, Ida married William R. Wetherall of Iowa in Seward, Nebraska, where Lydia lived, then lived in Iowa, where in 1911 she gave birth to William B. Wetherall. Ellen came to Iowa to be with her when she gave birth, at which time Sadie was in Medical Lake, Washington.
Sadie (Baldwin) Williams (Aunt Sadie)
Sadie's husband and children
Sadie's marriage, motherhood, separation, and divorce are shrouded in mystery. She had 4 children, of whom 2 -- Faye and Claude -- survived. Both Faye and Claude were slightly older than Sadie's nephew, this writer's father William Bascom Wetherall, who partly grew up with his aunt and 1st cousins in the Baldwin household in St. Maries until he was about 6 years old. Sadie and her children -- especially Faye -- remained close to Bill and his family throughout their lives.
1900 census shows Sadie as "Saddy" or "Sally" (17) [sic = Sadie, Sada] living in Kentucky as the oldest daughter of "N.B." or "B." Baldwin (38), who is engaged in farming, and Ellen (36). Her younger sisters -- Liddie [sic = Lydie, Lydia] (14), "Almedie" ["Medie"?] [sic = Medie, Meda] (11), and Ida (9) -- are also listed. The census states that everyone in the family was born in Kentucky, Sadie in March 1883, her father in December 1861. Sadie is single and at school.
1903-1904 Time frame for Sadie's marriage to Charles Williams.
The 1910 census states that Sadie had been married for 6 years, which suggests she married in 1904. The 1930 census states she was 19 when she married, which suggests 1903.
1904-1905, 1908-1909 Time frames for Sadie to have lost 2 of her 4 children.
The 1910 census states that Sadie had had 4 children, of whom 2 -- Faye and Claude -- survived. Presumably the deceased children were born in 1904-1905 before Faye (1906), and/or after Claude (1907) in 1908-1909. Faye and Claude are too closely spaced to consider the birth of any children between them. The lost children may have been twins.
1905 See 1905 Kansas census below, which Sally [Sadie?] Williams (22), living with C.F. Williams (28) and Oscar Williams (6), in a household that includes N.B. Baldwin (44).
1906 Sadie gave birth to Faye on 4 October 1906 in Iowa. Faye's obituary states she was born in Knoxville, Iowa.
1907 Sadie gave birth to Claude on 28 Nov 1907 in Nebraska. Claude's birth certificate states he was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, to "Chas. F. Williams", a [locomotive] fireman, and "Sarah Elizabeth Baldwin".
The 1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows Williams Charles F fireman C B & Q res 720 Q. Williams is apparently a locomotive fireman for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. The same directory shows Lydia Baldwin living at the same 720 Q address, which suggests that Sadie and Faye are also living there. Charles Anstine, who Lydia would soon marry, is living practically next door, on the same street, and is also working as a fireman for C B & Q.
The 1909 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows Williams Charles F fireman C B & Q res 1113 Q. Williams, still working for the railroad, has moved. Lydia Baldwin and Charles Anstine are no longer listed in the directory.
The 1910 census shows Sadie E. Williams (26) living with her Baldwin parents and second younger sister Meda (21) in St. Maries, Idaho, and her children Faye M. Williams (3) and Claude J. Williams (2). The census states that she had been married for 6 years, and had had 4 children, of whom 2 survived. This implies that she had married about 1904, and that Faye was born in 1906-1907 [actually 1906] and Claude in 1907-1908 [actually 1907]. Newton B. was born in Virginia, his father in Tennessee, his mother in Virginia. Ellen was born in Kentucky, her parents in North Carolina. Meda and Sadie were born in Kentucky. Faye was born in Iowa, and Claude in Nebraska, their father in Tennessee.
1920 census I have not found Sadie, Faye, or Claude in the 1920 census. However, stories conveyed to me by Darci Severns, a great granddaughter of Lydia Anstaine, Sadie's sister, who lived in Utica in Seward County, Nebraska, suggest that Sadie was working as a nurse in Nebraska around that time.
Stories handed down by Lydia and Charley Anstine's descendants, through their daughters Lennie and Aura, suggest that Sadie, Faye, and Claude were living in Seward, Nebraska in the late 1910s and early 1920s. Darci Severns reports hearing from her grandmother, Lennie, that her (Lennie's) mother's (Lydia's) sister (Sadie) was a nurse and had seen the appendix removed from that her (Lennie's) older sister Velma, who died in 1919 from an infection. This would put Sadie in Seward in 1919, and Faye and Claude, then in their mid teens, would have been with her. See Darci's full account about Velma's death in "Anstine sisters" below.
The 1930 census shows Sadie (46), divorced, born in Kentucky, father in Virginia, mother in Kentucky, residing and working at the Nebraska Industrial House, a home for unwed mothers in "P" township in Seward County, Nebraska, as its resident nurse. She is said to have been 19 when she married, which implies that she married about 1903 (1910 census states she had been married for 6 years, which implies she married around 1904). Fay [sic = Faye] M. Williams (23), single, born in Iowa, father in Virginia, mother in Kentucky, is a teacher at a school (Temple) in Lincoln, Nebraska. I have not found Claude in the 1930 census.
The 1940 census shows Sadie Williams (57), head, and Ellen Baldwin (76), mother, living together at the Baldwin home in St. Maries. Both are said to be widowed and Kentucky born. The education box shows Sadie with 2 years of college and Ellen with 8 years of grade school. Sadie was living in Spokane, Washington on 1 April 1935, but Ellen was living in the same home. At the time of the 1940 census, Faye Mathews (33), divorced, no children, 2 years of college, born in Iowa, was working as a bookkeeper in Spokane, Washington, and she was living at the same place on 1 April 1935. Claude J. Williams (32), single, 2 years of college, Nebraska born, was working as a carpenter in building construction in Spokane, Washington, was he too was living at the same place in 1935.
Sadie's old Kentucky home
September, 1947. Ellen Baldwin has joined Bascum Baldwin in Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries for nearly five years. Among their 4 daughters, only Sadie Williams, going on 64, and Meda Ure, then 58, survive them.
Sadie's own children have grown up and are approaching middle age. Her daughter Faye, 40, has remarried and her granddaughter, Marilyn, 12, now has a father. The war is over and her son, Claude Williams, 39, still single, is out of the Navy and working.
Sadie has an itch to see her childhood home in Kentucky. And on the way she'll pass through Nebraska and Iowa, where she had lived for a qhile after leaving Kentucky when she was 20. On her back to Idaho, she'll swing through San Francisco to visit her nephew, William Bascom Wetherall, and his family. Hopefully Meda will come down from Washington to join them.
In Des Moines, Iowa, where William B. Wetherall went to high school, Sadie buys several postcards of city landmarks. She sends 4 cards to "1922 24th Ave / San Francisco 16 / Calif." -- in 2 batches about 10 days apart -- the 1st from Des Moines, the 2nd from Kentucky -- and twice spells Wetherall "Weatherall".
The plot thickens with each card.
Henry Clay Baldwin (1867-1950)
"Uncle Clay" and his wife Linda would both die three years after Sadie's visit.
Uncle Clay was a younger brother of Sadie's father, N. Bascum Baldwin. Both were sons of John R. Baldwin and Margaret Howard (see below).
Clay was born Henry Clay Baldwin on 5 November 1867 in Laurel County, Kentucky. His namesake appears to have been Henry Clay (1777-1852), who served Kentucky in both congressional houses in Washington for over nearly 40 years. Henry Clay was Speaker of the House of Representatives for three terms, and was President John Quincy Adams's Secretary of State (1825-1829), after which he himself ran for president three times (1824, 1832, 1844) but lost.
He married Malinda "Linda" ("Lindy") H. Abrams around 1898, according to the 1900 census, which says they had been married 2 years. Accordingly, they seem to have married when he was about 31 (1930 census says 29) and she about 18 (1940 census says 17). This and later censuses show that they had at least 8 children. Apparently they also had and lost 2 children between these censuses.
Though a farmer all his life, H. Clay Baldwin, like his namesake, was also a politician, and served as a representative in Kentucky's State House of Representative (see the "Baldwin-Howard gallery" below).
H.C. Baldwin, as he was also known, died in Annville, Jackson County, on 7 March 1950, of a heart attack. Linda, who was born on 18 August 1880, died on 16 May 1950, just 10 weeks later, from cancer. Both are buried at Medlock Cemetery in Annville.
When I was growing up in San Francisco, most of the food I ate came out of neighborhood grocery stores and butcher shops. In earlier years, milk was delivered to our door in glass bottles. Chickens were bought headless, even feetless, dressed and plucked (thus actually undressed), and eggs came in gray pulp paper cartons. Though San Francisco prides itself on fresh fish, many were sold headless and icy.
If you went to Fisherman's Wharf, the crabs might be moving a bit, and some shellfish might also still be quick, but practically everything else was still and dead. In Chinatown, you saw tanks and cages full of live fish, chickens and ducks, a turtle or two, and other critters, destined for dinner plates in local homes and restaurants. Tourists unfamiliar with Chinese markets might have thought they were in an aquarium or zoo, but local people knew.
I learned how to clean a fish when five or six years old. I went trout fishing with a family in the neighborhood whose daughter was born a day before me in the same hospital. Our mothers had been in neighboring beds in maturnity ward. We fashioned poles from limbs and baited hooks with salmon eggs. I can't recall how much thought I gave to the fact that, to eat a fish, you had to catch it. Lure it, hook it, pull it from the water. Let it suffocate, then behead it and gut it.
About the same age, when visiting my maternal grandparents in Peck, Idaho, I witnessed my grandfather, Owen, kill a chicken. The Hardmans kept a number of hens and roosters in a pen behind their home on a lot that included a small field, barn, and outhouse. Owen cornered a rooster it seems he had named and lopped off its head. I particularly recall helping my grandmother and mother pluck its feathers. They talked while they plucked, and they fussed over the smaller feathers, which didn't come out easily and took a lot of time and patience.
I can't remember eating the chicken or how they cooked it. But I remember frying and eating the eggs we collected in the morning before breakfast. I remember the thrill of finding the eggs, some naturally brown, a few soiled by chicken poop. I never looked at clean, white, sized and sanitized store-bought eggs the same way.
The Hardmans, by then, had no cows. Their milk came directly from the dairy behind the small grocery store at the bottom of the hill, which bottled most of the milk produced on Peck's small farms. Farmers brought their raw milk to the dairy in steel cans, and the milk was run through a cream separator, pasteurizer, and homogenizer. The dairy was operated by the family that owned the store and lived in the adjoining home. They also had butter and ice cream churners.
I always associated eating in Idaho with "real butter" as opposed to the stuff we called "butter" in San Francisco. My mother used real butter only when baking, and on special occasions such as Thanksgiving, when there were usually guests for dinner. Otherwise, "butter" in our family referred to imitation butter. Some American butter producers had objected to the selling of white oleomargarine colored to look like butter, so the United States had passed a law forbidding the selling of yellow margarine. My earlier childhood memories include helping my mother mix the packet of powdered food coloring that came with margarine. During the 1950s, the laws were changed to permit manufacturers to color margarine, and the margarine-butter wars resumed. But no matter how much margarine makers tried to make their products taste like the real thing, "real butter" remained a real treat in the Wetherall-Hardman family.
Sadie made her pilgrimage back to Kentucky in the days when people thought nothing of busing around the country. Greyhound and other lines had thriving stations in all major cities and towns, and numerous stops between. The milk runs, and even some long-distance buses, would stop to pick you up or let you off at unscheduled places along their routes.
From about the 1970s, bus service began to both decline and deteriorate, as more freeways were built and more people owned and drove higher quality automobiles, and as air travel became faster, more convenient, and even cheaper, through airports with long-term parking facilities and rental car agencies. Many Greyhound stations became endangered species in the older parts of large cities, which were left to the poor when those with more means moved to newer urban neighborhoods or the suburbs.
Lydia (Baldwin) Anstine (Aunt Lydie) and Charley Anstine (Uncle Charley)
German-French migration of Anstine line
Charles Anstine was the 4th of 10 children and the 3rd of 7 sons of Douglas Richard [or Richard Douglas] Anstine and Helen Belle Clites. His father, born on 1 April 1857 in Industry, Illinois, and his mother, born on 24 June 1852 in Tipton County, Pennsylvania, married on 25 December 1877 in Emmerson, Mills County, Iowa.
Charles's parents died in Seward County, Nebraska, within a few years after his death, his mother on 15 April 1937, his father on 29 January 1939. Richard D. and Helen B. Anstine share a common headstone in Utica Cemetery in Utica in Seward County, Nebraska.
Charles was a 5th-generation descendant of Sigesmund (Simon) Anstein (counted as the 1st generation) through Simon's 1st wife, Dorothy Anstine (maiden name uncertain), who he married in 1787. Simon was born on 4 November 1763 in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, and died on 22 February 1849 in York County, Pennsylvania, Simon himself was a 5th-generation descendant of Nicholaus Anstein (counted as the 1st generation), who born between 1630–1640 in Germany, and Anna Barbara Buerg.
Charles thus represents the 4th generation of his line to be born in North America after Simon Anstein's migration to Pennsylvania from France, and the 8th generation in succession from Nicholaus Anstein, the line's known German progenitor (counted as the 0th generation).
One of Nicholaus Anstein's sons, Johann Michael Anstein (1663-1746), migrated to France in the late 17th century and married Catherine Bürger. Simon's paternal grandfather Johannes Anstein (1706-1789), and his father Johan Jürg Anstein (1735-1799), were born and raised in France. His father migrated from France to Pennsylvania in 1751 and sired as many as 13 children, including 8 sons, from whom several lines of Ansteins branced as Anstines, Enstines, and Onstines. Simon was Johann's and Catherine's 8th child and 5th son.
Source: Anstine / Enstine / Onstine Family [www.anstinefamily.com], "Outline Descendant Report for Nicholaus Anstein", 2012, 4 pages.
Anstine migration to Seward, Nebraska
Nebraska -- especially Seward County -- is full of Anstines. Charles Anstine's parents moved to Seward County, Nebraksa, from Mills County, Iowa, between 1881-1883. Charles's two older brothers and possibly his older sister were born in Iowa. He was thus the 1st or 2nd of Richard's and Helen's children to be born in Nebraska.
Uncle Seth and Aunt Maude
Charles's 2nd younger brother, Seth Richard Anstine, and his wife Maude, were known as "Uncle Seth and Aunt Maude" to the Anstine sisters. Seth, born on 3 May 1888 in Seward, Seward County, Nebraska, married Ethel Maude Hackworth (b1888), his 2nd wife (his 1st wife was Maude McGrew), on 22 December 1909 in Seward County. Seth stated on his 5 June 1917 World War draft Registration Card that he was a self-employed blacksmith in Stablehurst in Seward County and sufferred from deafness in his left ear. Maude died in 1954, Seth on 6 July 1973, and they share the same headstone in Seward Cemetery. Apparently they had no children.
Sources: (1) Darci Severns, (2) Anstine / Enstine / Onstine Family [www.anstinefamily.com], "Outline Descendant Report for Sigesmund (Simon) Anstein", 2012, pages 2-7 of 38 pages, (3) and Ancestor.com.
How Lydia Baldwin met Charles Anstine
Marriages, even when arranged, begin with a boy-meet-girl encounter. Where and why Lydia Baldwin met Charles Anstine can be conjectured from the few footprints they left in the 1908 Lincoln, Nebraska city directory.
Lennie Severns, Lydia's and Charley's 2nd daughter, began her family saga, published in 1985 (see below), with this recollection of how her parents met.
My parents [Lydia Baldwin and Charley Anstine] met in Lincoln [Nebraska] when both were rooming at mom's sister's [Sadie (Baldwin) Williams] home. Daddy was a railroad engineer and mom was attending [Lincoln] Business College. Their courtship was brief. The Baldwin family was moving to Spokane, Washington, and refused to let mother stay there because she was not married, even though [in 1907-1908] she was 21 years old. My, how times have changed!"
Lennie's story, like other such stories, was based on what she heard over the years, perhaps in part from her parents while they were alive, and probably in part from Aunt Sadie, if not also from Aunt Meda and even Grandma Baldwin, after her Lydia and Charles passed away. Most such stories are inevitably mixtures of fact and fiction, the products of selective and possibly faulty memory, romantic imagination, and other agents of alteration and embellishment that change or distort a story each time it is told.
1907-1910 Lincoln Nebraska directories
Like most such stories, however, Lennie's account of how her parents met is probably essentially true. As it turns out, her account is on the whole substantiated by listings in the Lincoln Nebraska Directory, Compiled and Printed by Jacob North & Company, Printers and Binders, Lincoln, Nebraska.
The 1907 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows "Ellen Baldwin" and "Neuton B. Baldwin" [sic = Newton] both working and residing at the "Asylum" -- referring to the Nebraska Hospital for the Insane (see details below).
Charles Anstine, about 24 in 1907, is not listed, presumably because he is working elsewhere.
By 1907, when the 1908 directory was compiled, Charles Williams, and Sadie and Faye, are living in Nebraska. Sadie gave birth to Claude in Lincoln, Nebraska, on 28 November 1907.
The 1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows the following three listings.
1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory
The 1907 directory (but not the 1906 or 1908 directories) lists the following boarding houses in the classified business directory section. This would have been the edition available to people looking for accommodations in late 1906 or early 1907.
1907 Lincoln Nebraska Directory
Charles Anstine, about 25 in 1908, is a locomotive fireman for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. He is residing at a boarding house a block away from the passenger depot.
The 1908 Spokane Washington Directory shows N.B. and Ellen Baldwin, and Ida and apparently also Meda, living and studying there. So presumably they left Lincoln sometime in 1907 -- and Lydia remained with Charles and Sadie Williams, who had come to Lincoln, Nebraska from Knoxville, Iowa, after Sadie gave birth to Faye in 1906.
The 1909 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows the following listing.
1909 Lincoln Nebraska Directory
Presumably Sadie and the children are living with him at what appear to be better accommodations. The address is found in the "Furnished Rooms and Lodgings" section of the classified pages of the 1908 directory, which shows Kynett Mrs Agnes, 1113 P as the landlady.
Charles F. Williams is not listed in the 1910 directory. The 1910 census shows Sadie and the children -- but not Charles -- living in St. Maries, Idaho, with the Baldwins and Meda.
720 Q Street boarding house
The neighborhood immediately around Lincoln station had many hotels, boarding houses, eateries, bars, and other such accommodations for railroad hands and people in transit. The blocks to the east of the station, south of the college campus, had many vocation schools and more hotels, boarding houses, and furnished rooms and lodgings for students and others in need of places to live.
Q Street runs parallel to R Street, which originally marked the southern boundary of the University of Nebraska Campus (today parts of the campus extend as far as Q street).
Editing Lennie's story
Lennie Severns's story of how her parents met turns out to be essentially true. It is difficult to verify such stories, after the passage of so much time, when the principals have long gone, and even those who heard them from the lips of primary witnesses have passed away.
"Fact checking" is limited to available independent sources of information. The 1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory is hardly an infallible source, but it sheds new light on a number of details in Lennie's account.
The 1908 directory, compiled in 1907 and probably published late that year, reflects 1907 circumstances. We know from other sources that Charles Anstine and Lydia Baldwin married on 12 February 1908, and that Velma, their 1st daughter, was born on 30 November 1908 in Seward County, Nebraska.
We also know a bit about the lay of the land -- the geography of Lincoln at the time they were living there -- where they lived in relation to where they worked or sent to school. We also know more from the city directory than we do from Lennie's account about the nature of Charley Anstines relationship with the Williams and Baldwin families and their residential arrangements.
Based on everything we can conjecture about Lydia's circumstances in 1907, Lennie's story could be edited like this.
My parents, Lydia Baldwin and Charley Anstine, met in Lincoln, Nebraska, when Lydia was rooming with mom's sister, Sadie Williams, and her husband, Charles Williams, and their two infant children, Faye and Claude, at a boarding house in a rather wild part of town near the train station. Daddy, who was rooming at a boarding house next door, and Sadie's husband, Charles, both worked as firemen for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, and mom was attending Lincoln Business College a few blocks away. Their courtship was brief. The Baldwin family was moving to Spokane, Washington, and refused to let mother stay there because she was not married, even though she was 21 years old. My, how times have changed!"
In 1912 and 1913, just 5 five years after Lydia and the Williams family left the boarding house, 720 Q Street became the stage for a number of incidents involving prostitution, disturbing the public, and assault. The following articles, clipped from the Lincoln Daily News, speak for themselves.
Meda (Baldwin) (Aunt Meda) and Clifford Ure
Galleries of Kentucky homes, many photos of Ellen, Sadie and Faye and Claude, Lydia and her children, and others forthcoming.
The 1908 city directory for Spokane, Washington shows a "Madge Baldwin" boarding at the same address with "Ida M. Baldwin" while attending North West Business College. "Newton B. Baldwin" is shown running a restaurant. The 1909 Spokane directory shows both "Meda Baldwin" and "Ida M. Baldwin" living at the same address as "Newton B. Baldwin". Ida is attending Blair Business College and Meda is a cashier at a restaurant, presumably her father's, which is next door to their residence.
The 1910 census shows Meda living with her parents in St. Maries, Kootenai County, Idaho and working as a milliner at her own shop. She is still single. Clifford Ure is living by himself in Fernwood, Kootenai and working as a barber at his own shop.
The 1911 St. Maries directory shows Clifford Ure, a barber, and Meda Ure, an operator for the Interstate Telephone Company, at the same address.
The 1916-1917 directory shows Clifford Ure working for Ure and Lawing, possibly a barbershop.
The 1920, 1930, and 1940 censuses shows Clifford Ure working as a mail carrier in St. Maries. By 1945, however, he and Meda were residing in Spokane, Washington. The 1945 Spokane city directory lists his occupation as creamery worker. The 1950 and 1952 directories do not show an occupation. By 1950, their son H. Dale Ure and his wife Carol L. are also residing in Spokane but at a different address.
Clifford died in 1953, Meda in 1971, both in Spokane, but they are buried together in St. Maries. Greta and her husband Harlan Lemmer died in Spokane, Harlan in 1985, Greta in 1999, and they are buried together in East Hope, Idaho. See the section below on Baldwin-Steele graves for details.
Baldwin-Steele and Wetherall-Hardman families meet in Idaho
Several of William B. Wetherall's Baldwin-Steele relatives met his future mother-in-law, Ullie Hardmen, and very likely also his future father-in-law, Owen Hardman, sometime between 1936 and 1938, when he and my mother, Orene Hardman, were courting in Idaho. Shortly after my left for San Francisco to work as a clerk for the 9th District Court, my mother went to San Francisco to marry him. The marriage, which had the blessings of Orene's parents and WBW's relatives, was witnessed by only a few of my father's local friends. No relatives from either side were present.
WBW's first job after graduating from law school and passing the Idaho bar in 1937 was in Orofino, on the Clearwater river a few miles upstream from Peck, Idaho. His mother, Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall, had been committed to the insane asylum in Orofino around 1912 and had died there in 1923. Orene was born at the Hardman ranch on Central Ridge though the birth was recorded in nearby Peck. She was raised on the ranch, and when in her teens in Peck, where Ullie and Owen had settled after selling the ranch in the mid 1920s. Orene graduated from high school in Peck then went to college in Moscow. From 1935 to 1936 she taught at Yellow Rose School, a one-room all-grade elementary school on Little Bear Ridge near Deary. In 1937, however, she taught at Pierce, which is near Orofino, a bit further up the Clearwater from Peck.
St. Maries photo
The following two pictures record what was probably the first meeting of the Baldwin-Steele and Hardman-Hunter families after WBW and Orene declared their intention to marry. The choice of where to meet would have been Peck (where the Hardman-Hunters lived) or St. Maries (where the Baldwin-Steeles lived).
My mother's recollection was that the photographs were taken in St. Maries. Interestingly, Ullie Hardman, who was in the photographs, wrote identifications on her copies of the prints -- on two different occasions three or so decades later in her life, probably in the mid 1960s and early 1970s -- in which which she makes a number of mistakes, suggesting that she was experiencing the sort of memory loss that, by the mid 1970s, led to her move to a convalesent home, where her dementia continued to worsen.
WBW, a Wetherall-Baldwin, was raised by his mother's Baldwin-Steele family for the first several years of his life in St. Maries, Idaho, then by his father's Wetherall-Beaman family in Knoxville, Iowa, and finally by his father's new Wetherall-Van Houton family in Des Moines, Iowa. While going to college in Idaho, however, he lived with the Ure-Baldwin family of his maternal aunt, Meda, in St. Maries. His maternal grandmother Ellen Baldwin, and at times also his maternal aunt Sadie Williams, also lived in St. Maries, as did Sadie's daughter (WBW's 1st cousin) Faye Mathews (later Faye Rebenstorf) and Faye's daughter Marilyn Mathews (later Marilyn Disrud).
Neither Owen Hardmen (Orene's father, Ullie's husband, my grandfather) nor Faye Mathews (Sadie's daughter, WBW's 1st cousin, my 1st cousin once removed) are in the photographs, which appear to have been taken in turns WBW and Orene Hardman. At the time the pictures were taken (1936-1937), WBW was living in St. Maries with the Ures. According to the 1940 census, Ellen was in St. Maries in 1935. Sadie was in Spokane, Washington, in 1935, but by 1940 she was with Ellen in St. Maries. Faye and Marilyn were living in Spokane, and Ullie Hardman was in Peck, Idaho.
Marilyn was born on 22 December 1934, and I would guess that the photographs were taken in 1937 rather than 1936. Sadie was probably carrying for Marilyn, who was not yet of school age, while Faye, by then a single mother, worked. I would guess that Owen, too, was probably working.
Lois (Lemmer) Slater, the daughter of Meda and Clifford Ure's daughter Greta Ava (Ure) Lemmer, confirmed my tentative identifications of Clifford, Dale, Meda, and Marilyn. She characterized her Ure grandparents -- and Claude Williams, Sadie's son and Faye's brother, and my father, WBW -- as follows (email, 13 February 2014, [bracketed remarks] mine).
From left to right Clifford (Daddy Cliff, my grandfather), Dale, Almeda Jane (Danny, my grandmother), the next two people [Ellen Baldwin and Ullie Hardman] I do not know, then Aunt Sadie and Marilyn. The one on the right is your father then? What a handsome man!! I thought maybe it was Claude but he wasn't as good looking.
Of interest here is that, in the mid 1960s or so, when Ullie sat down and identified the people in many family photos, she wrote on the back of her copy of the print to the left -- "At St. Maries / Bill's family / Aunt Meda, husband & son / Grandma Baldwin / myself / Aunt Sadie / Marilyn / Claud [sic = Claude]". However, on the front of her copy of the photo to the left, which was found in the small red album she carried in her purse, she wrote "Stanleys -- early 50's" -- and on the back "In Calif. -- / The Stanleys / early 50's".
In the first case, she recognized that she was looking at "Bill's family", and recalled the names or relationships of most -- but took her (future) son-in-law "Bill" for his 1st cousin, Claude, Sadie's son and Marilyn's uncle. In the second case, she associates the place with California, and the people with the Stanleys -- perhaps someone she knew in Idaho who had moved to Califoria -- apparently not wondering why she and her daughter Orene look too young to be in California in the 1950s.
Lois's testimony was the first I had from anyone in the Baldwin-Steele family on the identity of people in Baldwin-Steele photographs. But Lois, my 2nd cousin, did not recognize her maternal (and my paternal) great grandmother Ellen Baldwin.
Lois, born in 1939, undoubtedly met Ellen Baldwin before Ellen died in 1943 -- when Lois was only 3-1/2 years old. I probably also met Ellen and Sadie, and Meda and Clifford, in the summer of 1941, when I was only a few months old. My parents brought me to Peck that summer to meet my Hardman grandparents and Hunter grandfather, and I can't imagine my father not taking us to St. Maries, which is not far away, to show me to his Baldwin-Steele kinfolk there, who were directly responsible for his upbringing. . But of course I have no memories of that summer other than those created by the numerous photographs that were taken of me in Peck.
It remains unclear as to whether Faye met Ullie on the occasion the above photograph was taken. However, she clearly got to know Ullie, well enough in fact to drop in on her when she visited Lewiston from Coeur d'Alene later in Ullie's life. Faye also knew my maternal aunt, Ullie's older daughter Babe, who lived in various communities in eastern Idaho and western Washington, and was entirely at home in the larger Spokane, Coeur d'Alene, St. Maries, and Lewiston-Clarkston area.
William R. and Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall
See Wetherall-Baldwin-Van Houton and related families page for details.
Faye (Williams) (Mathews) Rebenstorf (1906-1995)
Faye in censuses
Faye was born in Knoxville, Iowa, according to her obituary (see below).
The 1910 census shows Fay [sic = Faye] M. Williams (3), living with her mother Sadie E. Williams (26), and her brother Claud [sic = Claude] J. Williams (2), in the St. Maries, Idaho, with her maternal grandparents, Newton B. Baldwin (47) and Martha E. Baldwin (46),
I have not found Faye, or Sadie or Claude, in the 1920 census. But stories passed down by descendants of Sadie's sister Lydia Anstine, who lived in Utica in Seward County, Nebraska, have Faye and Claude living with Sadie in Nebraska.
The 1930 census shows Faye working as a teacher in Lincoln, Nebraska.
The 1940 census shows Faye living in Spokane, Washington, as Faye Mathews (33), divorced, a book keeper at a bus transportation company. She was living at the same place in Spokane in 1935.
Faye in city directories
Faye is listed as a student in the 1928-1930 Lincoln Nebraska city directories. She is not listed in the 1927 or 1931 directories.
Both the 1928 and 1929 Lincoln Nebraska Directories show Williams Faye stu r1541 S.
The 1930 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows Williams Fay [sic = Faye] stu r341 N 12th apt 2.
The 1930 directory was compiled in 1929. Presumably Faye completed her normal school education and was teaching by the time of the 1930 census (see above).
Note that neither Lennie nor Aura Anstine are shown in the 1928-1930 Lincoln directories. They, too, would have been enrolled in teacher training courses, presumably in Lincoln, about this time. Perhaps they commuted to the city by bus or by car. They may also, at times, have stayed with Faye. In the meantime, Sadie was the resident head nurse of a home for unwed mothers in Seward (1930 census).
Spokane directories show Faye as "Mathews" in 1937 (Faye), 1938 (Mrs Faye M), 1939 (Mrs Fay M), 1940 (Mrs Faye), and 1941 (Faye M). She is typically described as a bookkeeper for Auto Interurban, a bus transportation company.
A 1947 Idaho city directory shows her living and working in Coeur d'Alene as the wife of Howard C. Rebenstorf, who apparently she met and married in the early or mid 1940s.
Faye and William B. Wetherall
The 4 Baldwin sisters bore 9 cousins, 8 of whom survived their childhood.
William B. Wetherall (WBW) was partly raised by, or lived in the same household with, all of his aunts -- Sadie, Lydia, and Meda -- and he had a practically sibling relationship with Faye and Claude, who were a few years older, but also with Lennie and Greta, who were the nearest to him in age.
Faye seems to have been WBW's closest cousin in terms of how much contact they continued to have during their adult lives, both in terms of correspondence and visitations. Faye and Claude were also the only cousins whose names were familiar to WBW's children, including this writer. Their mother, Sadie, as also the most familar "aunt" in our family, and we have more photographs of Sadie, Faye, and Claude.
Faye visited us a number of times in both San Francisco and Grass Valley, usually in conjunction with trips she made to California related to her work and other activities. During one such visit, all members of WBW's family, except my sister Mary Ellen, met Faye in San Francisco while she was attending a convention in the city. Faye taped a conversation we had over dinner in Chinatown -- her first encounter with Chinese food. And after her death, her daughter Marilyn sent the tape to my father. I now have the tape, which includes gossip about the extended Baldwin-Steele family.
Faye died on 25 November 1995 in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, where she had lived most of her adult life. She is buried in Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Kootenai County, Idaho (see below). The following obituary is a reformatted version of an obituary published in The Spokesman-Review on 28 November 1995. The [bracketed] clarifications and red highlighting are mine.
Howard C. Rebenstorf (1898-1966)
Howard C. Rebenstorf was born on 30 August 1898 in Wisconsin. A Bonner County, Idaho marriage record shows that he married Hedwig H. Weiss, in Sandpoint, Idaho, on 20 September 1920. Bonner County and Sandpoint are immediately north of Kootenai County and Coeur d'Alene, which are just west of Spokane County and Spokane in Washington. Hedwig H. [Helene] -- who appears in most other records as "Hattie" or "Hattie H." -- was born in Wisconsin on 11 June 1898 to Austrian-born parents.
The 1930 census shows Howard and Hattie, both then 31, but 22 when married, living in Coeur d'Alene, apparently without any children. He is a laborer working for the state highway department, and she is a switchboard operator at the telephone company.
The 1938 directory for Coeur d'Alene shows Howard and Hattie living together at 207 N 10th. He is working for Potlach Forests, she at the Tenth Street Grocery. The same directory shows a "Cora Rebenstorf (wid Edgar B.)" living at 818 Garden Avenue. Cora was his mother (Cora Stella Rudsell), and Edgar B. had been his father ("Ed" Rebenstorf).
I have not found either Howard or Hattie in a 1940 census record. But the 1940 Coeur d'Alene directory shows Hattie living as "Mrs. Hattie H. Rebenstorf" at the same 207 N 10th address and still working at the same grocery, while Howard is listed immediately below her as a millworker residing at 502 Foster Avenue. Apparently they are separated.
The 1947 census shows "Mrs. Hattie H. Rebenstorf" living at the same address and working at the same grocery store. Immediately below her is "Howard C. Rebenstorf (Faye M.)" residing at 1033 N 2d. No occupations or places of work are noted for either Howard or Faye.
The 1949 directory shows Hattie at the same address and place of work. Howard and Faye are residing at 902 N 4th, and Faye is said to be working at the Camp Joy Grocery.
The 1952 directory shows Hattie at the same address and place of work. Faye and Howard are separately listed, she as "Mrs. Faye M. Rebenstorf" working as a bookeeper for Hall Plumbing and Heating, he as "Howard C. Rebenstorf" working at Howard's Market, his own store. Both Faye and Howard are residing at 1928 N 4th -- yet another address.
Howard died in Coeur d'Alene on 27 September 1966. Faye died on 25 November 1995, also in Coeur d'Alene. Both are buried in Coeur d'Alene Memorial Cemetery. Howard's headstone has a simple cross above his name, and shows his rank and occupation as a "World War I" veteran. Faye's headstone refers to her as "Beloved Mother, Grandmother, and Great Grandmother" and has strongly Christian motiffs."
A "Hattie Hel Rebenstorf" died on 12 July 1982 in Monument, Grant County, Oregon, according to a transcribed Oregon death index. She is buried at Monument Cemetery, where her headstone name is Hattie N. Rebenstorf and she is memorialized as "Aunt" in quotation marks.
Assuming that the Hattie Rebenstorf who died in Orgeon is Howard's 1st wife -- and she seems to be -- the significance of the different middle initial on the headstone is unclear. The meaning of the "quotation marks" around "aunt" is even more mysterious.
Marilyn A. (Mathews) Disrud (1934-2013)
Marilyn Anne Disrud was born Mathews in Spokane, Washington, on 22 December 1934. Legally, at least, she appears to have remained Mathews when her mother remarried in the 1940s, and she became Disrud when she married in the 1957. She died in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, on 21 July 2013 and is buried at Riverview Cemetery there. Her headstone, which also has strongly Christian motiffs, includes the name and date of birth of her surviving husband, Norman K. [Kenneth] Disrud -- 13 April 1929.
An obituary, possibly posted by her husband or their son, Todd Lee Disrud, states that she was "preceded in death by her parents Howard and Faye Rebenstorf".
Norman Kenneth Disrud (1929-2016)
Marilyn's husband, born 13 April 1929 in Fosston in Polk County, Minnesota, passed in Idaho on 9 June 2016 at age 87. He was buried at Riverview Cemetery in Coeur d'Alene in Kootenai County, Idaho, with Marilyn.
Marilyn's family history work
In December 1973, the Wetherall family spent a few days in Lewiston, Idaho for a Christmas reunion with Orene's relatives. On Christmas day, Faye, Marilyn, Norman, and Todd drove down from Coeur d'Alene to visit with the Wetheralls at their motel for a couple of hours. Orene's mother Ullie, who also knew Faye and had met several other relatives on Bill's Baldwin side, and Orene's sister Babe, who had met Faye, were also there.
Marilyn kept in touch with the Wetheralls in Grass Valley after Faye's death in 1995, and until sometime after Orene's death in 2003. Around 1979, she sent my father some family information that survives among his papers. I have not yet had an opportunity to see it. It may answer some questions and raise others. It may partly account for the extent and quality of the information my father conveyed to me about his his ancestors when talking to me about them in 2010 and 2011.
Claude J. Williams (1907-1977)
Claude Williams has left relatively few traces of his existence. Like Aunt Sadie and Faye, he was well known to the Wetherall-Hardman family in both Idaho and California.
My father, William Bascom Wetherall, partly grew up with Claude and Faye when the three children were living with their Baldwin grandparents in St. Maries, Idaho, during the early 1910s. Both Claude and Faye later lived in Nebraska with their mother, and Bill may have met them there during the summers he worked on Uncle Charley's farm in the mid 1920s.
Claude was living mainly in Spokane, which is geographically close to St. Maries, where Bill was living with the Aunt Meda's family and Grandma Baldwin while attending college in Moscow, Idaho. After Bill began courting my mother, who he met at college in Moscow, his Baldwin relatives in St. Maries, and Faye and Claude, who were then in Spokane, had opportunities to meet my mother and her parents and relatives, who lived in Peck and elsewhere in the Lewiston-Clarkston, which is close to St. Maries, Coeur d'Alene, and Spokane.
Claude appears in a number of photographs in the Wetherall family collection in California, and in photographs in the possession of Lydia Anstine's great granddaughter, Darci Severns, in Washington.
Greta (Ure) Lemmer (1912-1999)
Greta Ava Ure, born and raised in St. Maries (see Table 5.3), married Harlan Lemmer, whose parents had also settled in St. Maries during the 1920s.
William Harlan Lemmer (1904-1985)
William Harlan Lemmer was born on 13 September 1904 in Antigo, Langrad County, Wisconsin, to William F. Lemmer and Lina L. Freese.
The 1910 and 1920 censuses show the Lemmers, including Harlan's older sister Cecilia, living in Hope, Bonner County, Idaho, where William Lemmer, the father, is working as a saw filer at a lumber mill. The 1930 census shows Harlan's parents, William Lemmer (57) and Lena L. Lemmer (49), living without their children in St. Maries, Idaho, where Harlan's father is working as a saw filer in logging. The Lemmers were born in Wisconsin, he to a German father and Pennsylvania mother, she to a German father and German mother.
The 1930 census, enumerated in April, shows Harlan as William H. Lemmer (25), married at age 18, working as a saw filer at a lumber mill in Emmett, in the South Precinct of Gem County, Idaho. He and his parents were born in Wisconsin, and he was boarding at a boarding house.
A marriage return filed in Asotin County, Washington, certifies that, on 7 September 1931, Greta Ava Ure (19) -- a spinster stenographer, born in St. Maries, Idaho, to Iowa-born C.M. Ure and Kentucky-born Almeta [sic = Almeda, Meda] Baldwin -- married William Harlan Lemmer (26) -- a divorced salesman, born in Intiago [sic = Antigo], Wisconsin, to W.F. Lemmer and Lena Freese, both born in Wisconsin. He signed "Harlan Lemmer" and she signed "Mrs. Harlan Lemmer".
The 1939-1940 city directory for Rexburg, Idaho, shows Harlan Lemmer (spouse Greta A.) working as a chauffeur for the Shell Oil Company.
The 1940 census shows "Wm. H. Lemmer" (35) and Greta (27) living in St. Anthony, in Fremont County, Idaho, where he was working as a salesman of gas and oil, and she as a clerk at a county agency. At the time they had two children, a son Harlan (6) and a daughter Lois (6/12). William had completed 3 years of college and Greta 4 years of high school. According to the census, the Lemmers were living in St. Maries in 1935, but had moved to Fremont County by the time Lois was born in 1939.
By 1950, Greta and her family were living in Spokane, where they are listed in the city directory at an address next door to Greta's parents, Meda and Clifford Ure. Later, Greta and [William] Harlan would reside on Hawthorne Street in the northern part of Spokane with their children, Harlan E. [Eugene] "Gene" Lemmer (see below) and Lois C. Friedlander (see below).
The 1950 Spokane directory shows Mrs. Greta Lemmer working as a bookkeeper for Soft Water Service Co., and Harlan Lemmer (Greta) working as a clerk for an unspecified employer. She is residing at 723 [sic] Knox Avenue, and his (her) home is at W. 733 [sic] Knox Avenue. [Presumably the two Knox addresses are meant to be the same.] Clifford M. Ure (Meda J.) are listed as living [apparently] next door at W. 731 Knox Avenue. H. Dale Ure (Carol L.), a clerk for an unspecified employer, are living at E. 1311 Bismark Avenue.
By 1955 or 1956, Greta and Harlan moved into a home at 4928 N. Hawthorne Street, where they would live the rest of their lives.
The 1960 Spokane directory lists Mrs. Greta A. Lemmer as an office manager for Soft Water Service, and as the spouse of William H. Lemmer (Greta A.), a salesman for Headlight Oil. Meda (Baldwin) Ure is residing at S. 206 Post. Lois C. (Lemmer) Santa Rosa is listed as a typist for Pacific Telephone, and as the spouse of Arth [Arthur A.] Santa Rosa, of Santa Rosa's Body & Fender Works, which is separately listed as a shop owned by Arth Santa Rosa. The Santa Rosas are residing at E. 1207 Rich Avenue.
William Harlan Lemmer appears to have suffered from a serious stroke or a series of strokes in the late 1960s or very early 1970s, according to Faye Rebenstorf, Greta's 1st cousin. Faye described their difficulties in some detail in a coversation over dinner at a restaurant in Chinatown in San Francisco on 5 September 1973, with my parents, William B. and L. Orene Wetherall, my brother, me, and my then wife Etsuko. Faye's daughter, Marilyn, sent the tape to my parents after Faye died in 1995, and I digitized it in 2013.
Faye related that Harlan was able to hear and understand everything you said to him, but he couldn't speak well enough to make himself understood. Apparently he'd get angry when people didn't understand him and become beligerent toward them. He'd gotten to the point that he didn't like seeing anyone, didn't want people to come to their place, and didn't want to go any place. He shuffled around with the help of a cane but couldn't use his right hand very well. Fortunately, though, he was left-handed.
Faye occasionally had business in Spokane and would have liked to take Greta out to lunch. But Greta, who had a full-time job, went home every day at noon -- a five-mile drive -- to make Harlan's lunch. And Faye said, in 1973, that frankly she did not want to visit Greta when Harlan was there because of his belligerence.
Faye also said, in 1973, that she had last visited Greta and Harlan at their summer home in a resort town on the other side of Lake Pend Oreille, about 60 miles from Coeur d'Alene (where Faye lived), and 100 miles from Spokane (where Greta and Harlan lived). Greta had put in a garden there and drove up every weekend to see that everything was watered. The home was in the vicinity of Hope in Bonner County, Idaho, where Harlan had grown up and worked after his family moved to Idaho from Wisconsin.
Greta and Harlan celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in 1981.
Harlan passed away in Spokane on 1 May 1985. Greta passed away on 9 October 1999. They are buried at Hope Cemetery in East Hope, Bonner County, Idaho, on the northeastern shore of Lake Pend Oreille.
In 2000, their son Harlan Lemmer (Harlan Eugene "Gene" Lemmer), and the Greta A. Lemmer Estate, granted a quit claim deed on the 2-bedroom, 1-bath house and 6,200 square-foot lot at 4928 N. Hawthorne Street in Spokane, where Greta and Harlan had lived out their lives. They had moved from their Knox Street home to the Hawthorne Street home in 1955 or 1956.
Gene Lemmer (1933-2014)
Harlan Eugene Lemmer was born on 4 September 1933 in St. Maries, Idaho. The 1940 census shows him living in St. Maries with his parents, Greta and Harlan Lemmer, and his sister Lois.
Gene graduated from North Central High School in Spokane in 1951. The Tamarack 1950-1951 yearbook states that he liked math, had transferred from Coeur d'Alene, and played football and belonged to the Spanish Club among several other activities (page 54). He graduated from the State College of Washington in Pullman in 1959 with a degree in mechanical engineering (Chinook '59 yearbook, page 81).
In the conversation she taped while dining with the Wetherall family -- in Chinatown, San Francisco, on 4 September 1973 -- Faye Rebenstorf said that Gene and Pat Lemmer and their 5 children had visited Greta and Harlan that summer. She characterized Gene as a good son.
William B. Wetherall, who also knew Greta's son as Gene, said during the 1973 conversation that he had never met Pat. He knew they were settled in southern California and asked Faye if Gene was working in electronics. Faye didn't know but thought he was working for Kaiser, and she said they were doing well.
Orene Wetherall, who had a talent for connecting disparate dots in casual conversations, observed that, with 5 kids, it's good to do well.
Gene and Patricia settled in Upland, California. They celebrated their 50th wedding anniversity in 2013. Patricia reported that Gene had been in California for 54 years and had worked for Kaiser Steel, and that they had 5 children, 14 grandchildren, and 2 great grand children (email, 21 January 2014).
Gene passed away on 14 December 2014 after a long bout with Parkinson's disease.
Lois (Lemmer) Slater
Lois, Gene's sister, was born on 17 October 1939 in St. Anthony in Fremont County, Idaho. Washington marriage records show that she married Arthur A. Santa Rosa on 16 November 1957 (license 15 November, recorded 22 November) in Spokane. The signing witnesses were Marilyn Disrud and Edward Santa Rosa. Marilyn, nee Rebenstorf (originally Mathews), was Faye (Williams) (Mathews) Rebenstorf's daughter, hence Lois's and this writer's 2nd cousin.
Lois reported to this writer that she married Arthur A. Santa Rosa in 1957 after graduating from high school at age 18, and between 1959 and 1966 they had 4 children -- Brenda, Shelly Ann, Bret Anthony, and Patricia Sue. Lois later married a man named Friedlander, then in 1990 she married Jerry Slater, who had a daughter Bonnie and a son Warner. Lois has 12 grandchildren, including those of Warner's 2 children (email, 8 February 2014).
Herbert Dale Ure (1928-2004)
H. Dale Ure, William B. Wetherall's 1st cousin, married Carol Trappe on the evening of 30 April 1949 (Spokane Chronicle, Saturday, 30 April 1949, page 14) at St. John's Lutheran Church in Spokane. The bridegroom was described as the son of Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Ure, W731 Knox Street, Spokane. The ushers included James Trappe (a brother of the bride), and Gene Lemmer (Harlan Eugene Lemmer, Dale's nephew, then about 15 years old). Those assisting at the reception included Mrs. Harlan Lemmer (Dale's sister Greta) and Miss Lois Lemmer (Greta's daughter, Gene's sister, and Dale's niece, then about 9 years old).
Dale and Carol visit San Francisco
In May 1950, a year after they married, Dale and Carol visited the Wetherall family in San Francisco. A picture postcard showing "The Golden Trail, Scotch Broom in Blossom, Oregon Coast Highway" is addressed to "The Wetheralls' / 1558 33 Ave. / San Francisco / California". A standard green 1-cent Washington stamp is postmarked Florence, Oregon, 20 May 1950. Carol wrote the following message.
Picture postcards were the contemporary equivalents of text messages with attached images -- except that postcard messages were anything but instant. You needed, first of all, a postcard. And a pen with ink or a sharp pencil or both. And a proper stamp. And then you had to find a post box -- and trust that the card would be picked, routed, and delivered in two or three days -- rain or shine, snow or sleet.
This writer began to collect picture postcards, beginning those I got from my maternal grandmother and parents, in my early teens, growing up in San Francisco during the early 1950s. I usually wrote my name "Bill Wetherall" at the tops of cards I added to my collection with the intention of keeping them. I did this to make sure that other people, particularly classmates and neighbors with whom I traded stamps and postcards, knew who they belonged to. I never got higher than a complimentary "C" in penmanship. After learning the art of printing in high school and college drafting classes, I lost the ability to write in longhand other than to sign my name. Notes and memos I write for myself are always odd mixtures of printing and cursive.
Dale's and Carol's obituaries
Dale and Carol would live the rest of their lives in Spokane.
The following is a cut and paste of an obituary re-posted by Ancestor.com from SpokesmanReview.com. The obituary reportedly appeared in the 10 July 2004 edition of the paper but the copy on the website shows 9 July 2004. It was probably run in the classifieds on both days.
Dale's wife, Carol Louise (Trappe) Ure, born on 6 November 1928, apparently in Spokane, passed away in Spokane on 9 April 2010. Her obituary was published in the classified ads section of The Spokesman-Review from 14-15 April 2010, according to the following Legacy.com version. The portrait was published with the obituary. The caption below the portrait, and the portrait's approximate date, are mine. The date is based on information in the image's file name.
The 4 surviving children as of the time of the above obituary were Douglas Ure of Salem, Oregon; Diane Richards and Janice (Jan) Christensen, both of Spokane, Washington; and Wendy Davis of Spangle, Washington.
Douglas Ure (1950-2014)
Douglas Ure, born on 31 July 1950, died on 28 January 2014. He had been an instructor at Chemeketa Community College in Salem, Oregon. He taught courses in life sciences, and his research interests were vertebrate biology and terrestrial and forest ecology.
Lennie Lee (Anstine) and William Archie Severns
Lennie Severns's family saga
Lennie Lee (Anstine) Severns wrote a brief account of her life for the following publication.
Alma Nix and John Nix, editors
The following text is a reformatted version of Lennie's story from a text file created from scans of a part of this work and posted on USGenWeb Archives by Wesley Cox in February 2003. Lennie's account is found on page 326 in Part 9 of the 10-part work. The title is mine. The comments in (parentheses) are as received in the scanned version, but the comments in [brackets] are mine.
The photo of Lennie and Archie Severns in the original source was omitted in the USGenWeb Archives extract. The graduation portrait of Lennie, and the snapshots of Lennie, Archie, and Imogene with the children, Tex and Billie, belong to the Severns family. The scans were kindly provided by Lennie's granddaughter, Darci Severns, the Anstine-Severns family historian.
Darci Severns's tales
Lydia and Charley Anstine's great grandaughter, Darci Severns, recalled a number of tales she heard from her grandmother Lennie (Anstine) Severns, her great aunt Aura (Anstine) Dey, and her mother Eileen (Greer) Severns. Darci is the daughter of Lennie's and Archie's son Tex Severns, who was my 2nd cousin, and so she and I (William O. Wetherall) are 2nd cousins once removed. Darci shared the following account of her memories with me (email, 23 October 2013).
Uncle Charley stories
Charles Andrew Anstine (1883-1932) was the son of a farmer, and he himself became a farmer, in Utica, Seward County, Nebraska. He married Lydia Baldwin, who he had met in Lincoln Nebraska, in 1906, and they were the parents of three daughters when he registered for 2nd draft on 12 September 1918 near the end of the World War or Great War, now know as World War I.
Charles Anstine's enlistment card describes him as a resident of Utica, Seward, Nebraska, 34 and white, a native born citizen and self-employed farmer. He gave Mrs. Lydia Anstine, at the same address, as the name of his nearest relative. The Seward County Local Board official agreed that Charles was short and stout, had brown eyes and light brown hair, and had no obvious disabilities that would have disqualified him from service.
Darci Severns remembers that her grandmother Lennie (Anstine) Severns, and her great aunt Aura (Anstine) Dey, said that Charley "had very small feet and fit into Lydia's shoes. And he could wear her gloves." (Email, 8 November 2013)
Charles Anstine was "Uncle Charley" to William B. Wetherall, who -- especially in his later years -- told his children, including this writer, and a few of his friends, what we children dubbed "Uncle Charley stories".
My dad rarely talked about himself when we, his children, were growing up. He told his Uncle Charley stories late in his life, almost always at the dinner table. He was a disciplinarian when it came to eating. We had to clean our plates. No food was ever thrown out. Failure to eat something on our dinner plates meant eating it the next morning.
Our mother, raised on a farm, shared our father's distaste for waste. She had all manner of ways to remake leftovers into tasty meals. Both of our parents impressed on us the austerity they had experienced when they were growing up.
My dad told his Uncle Charley stories partly out of nostalgia, and partly to impress on us how hard -- but good -- life was in his youth. We knew how he felt about farming, for he always had a huge vegetable garden after moving from San Francisco to Grass Valley in 1955.
While living in San Francisco, we went camping practically every summer and "roughed" it with a tent, sleeping bags, and a Coleman stove and lanterns. After moving to Grass Valley, we never again went camping. In fact, my parents took only two family trips during the years we were growing up in Grass Valley -- in 1958 to Iowa, and in 1959 to Idaho -- both related to family reunions.
William B. Wetherall's 2011 testimony
On 8 March 2011, William B. Wetherall was interviewed at his home by Gregg Schiffner, a local cinematographer and good friend, who was preparing for a presentation of Bill's life at his 100th birthday party. In the course of the interview, Bill talked a bit about his experiences working on his uncle's farm in Nebraska during the summers when he was going to high school.
Gregg wondered if Charley was on his father's side, and my father said yes, and then corrected himself. He was on his mother's side, he said, but he never did clarify that Charley was the husband of his mother's sister Lydia.
He emphatically stated that he had worked on the Nebraska farm 6 summers. The first summer, he said, was after completing the 8th grade of grade school in Knoxville, which agrees with his 2010 oral account to this writer, his son. And he stressed that he had also worked the summer after he graduated from high school, which he hadn't mentioned in 2010.
In 2010, he related that he graduated from the 8th grade in Knoxville in 1924, and from high school in Des Moines in 1928, in what was a conventional 8-4 system. In Knoxville he lived with his paternal grandfather's family, and in Des Moines he lived with his father's new family. This, too, suggests that he worked only 5 summers -- unless he also worked the summer of 1923 (which is possible), or perhaps the summer of 1929 (which is possible but less likely).
In 2011, he did not go into detail about his life on the farm in Nebraska. It started talking about Nebraska in the course of explaining what he did after graduating from high school, and he ended up telling four stories, about (1) his plans to go to college in Iowa the next fall, (2) his work on Charley's farm that summer, (3) Charley's offer of an interest in the farm if he stayed and went to college in Nebraska, and (4) his decision to Idaho instead. And parts of all these stories are confusing.
Though he seemed confused as to when he first worked on Charley's farm, he clearly stated that the first time, someone -- presumably Charley -- came to Knoxville to pick him up, and camped at the fair grounds. "That's what they did in those days," he said. He didn't say how Charley came. Possibly he drove. The distance would have been about 250 miles or 400 kilometers. While not an especially long distance by today's standards, in the early 1920s it would have been a long and arduous day on the road, with a pit stop or two to gas up and check the water and oil, and pray that there be no flat tires, broken fan belt, or blown gasket.
My father said in the 2011 interview that the farm was 360 acres -- "half a section" he added, a section being 640 acres. He said that Charley offered him "a quarter" of the farm or "produce" -- apparently meaning a quarter of the income from the farm, since Charley didn't own the land -- if he would join him on the farm. However, he told his uncle he planned to go to college.
It's not clear from the interview how big Charley's farm was, and I have no idea how large a typical farm in Seward might have been. By the 1920s, it was probably a partly mechanized operation, as by then mechanization was sweeping the country. But many farmers, including Charley, farmed on land belonging to someone else.
My mother was raised on an Idaho farm her grandparents had homesteaded from the late 1890s and her parents then operated until the mid 1920s, about the time my dad began working on Charley's farm in Nebraska. My grandparents sold their farm in the face of rapid mechanization, which radically changed the economics of farming, as the more successful farmers bought up smaller homesteads and merged them into larger mechanized operations.
The 1900 to 1940 censuses for the Anstine family tell the following story.
1900 census shows Richard and Helen Anstine (Charley is 16) renting farm land.
Charley thus appears to have been a tenant farmer -- which means that he stood to prosper only if production was good and the market was strong. I would guess that he made the offer to my dad in 1928 because he felt his farm would produce enough to make it worth both his and my dad's while.
Having 3 surviving daughters, 2 of them marriageable, the 3rd not yet 2 years old, with Lydia suffering from cancer, Charley was definitely in need of reliable help. I imagine he saw my father -- his nephew-in-law -- as a sort of son, born the year between his 2nd and 3rd daughters, Lennie and Aura. And he must have been impressed by Bill's work during previous summers.
Charley would have understood my father's desire to go to college. Lennie, his daughter, was then going to the University of Nebraska in Lincoln to become a teacher. His suggestion that my father go to college in Lincoln, instead of Penn College in Oskaloosa, Iowa, would have put my father close enough to Seward (30 miles), and the farm in Utica (40 miles), that he could have worked there at least part time.
The depression, triggered by the market crash a couple of months after Lydia's death in 1929, probably contributed to the difficulties Charley had as his own health declined. Lennie married Archie Severns in 1931, and they attempted to make a go of the farm before and after Charley's death from cancer in 1932. But as Lennie relates in her 1985 account (see "Lennie's saga"), they decided to restart their lives in Washington.
Farming life in the 1920s and 1930s
Darci Severns has shared similar stories she recalls hearing from Lennie, her paternal grandmother, and Aura, her paternal great aunt, of life on the Anstine farm in Utica during the 1920s and 1930s.
William B. Wetherall, when telling his Uncle Charley stories, sometimes said the family was poor but they had lots of food and ate well -- and all the food you could eat. He said they had some cows, hogs, and chickens, and his chores included feeding and caring for them every day, begining every morning before breakfast. Other work involved the crops. I can't remember what he said they were. I would guess they grew a little bit of everything, larger crops for sale, smaller crops for family consumption or bartering with neighbors, which included other Anstines.
My dad's work on Charley's farm spanned the mid and late 1920s, before Lydia's death and the Wall Street crash two months later. By the time Charley died, the Great Depression was in full swing, making tenant farming even more difficult.
William B. Wetherall laced his Uncle Charley stories with the idioms of times. "A dollar a day plus found" was a standard refrain, and he often repeated "Found. Food." -- stressing both words -- and sometimes added "All you could eat." Life on the farm was mainly about food, as perhaps life is everywhere.
In the 2011 interview, he said Charley had always given him a little money when he went home at the end of summer. And the last two summer, he had paid him 30 dollars a month, the standard wage for farm labor at the time.
John R. Baldwin and Rebecca and Margaret Howard
John R. Baldwin seems to have fathered 3 children with his 1st wife, Rebecca Howard, and from 12 to 14 with his 2nd wife, Margaret Howard, Rebecca's younger sister. All of the 15 children listed in the table -- except Sarah -- are found on censuses. Their full names and many other particulars have been culled from various sources but are mostly unconfirmed by documentary evidence.
Margaret Baldwin's children
Rebecca and Margaret were sisters. Rebecca had at least 3 children between 1849-1853. Margaret raised Rebecca's children in addition to the at least 12 she had with John.
"Heaven Sent", whose genealogy research includes the Baldwin line, has posted a scan of Margaret Baldwin's death certificate on the Internet. She also posted the following information about Margaret, which I have slightly edited and reformatted. The numbers, which are those I assigned the children in the above table, and the underscoring of the children who do not appear in the table, are mine.
Margaret Anne Baldwin was the daughter of John F. and Elizabeth Mark Howard. She married John R. Baldwin on 13 June 1855 in Harlan County, Kentucky. God blessed this marriage with the following children: (1) William Henley, (2) Robert Eqing [sic = Ewing], Clayton, Anne, (4) Newton Bascum, (5) James Alfred, (6) Elihu Joseph, (7) Henry Clay, (8) Martha A., (9) George F., (10) Samuel I. B. [sic = L.B.], (11) Archelus Fernando, and (12) Charles Nelson.
Heaven Sent appears to have listed the children in the order of their birth. Only Clayton and Anne are not found on any census. William Henley was born in March 1856 and Robert Ewing around 1858. And Newton Bascum was born in December 1862, James Alfred in April 1864, and all subsequent children only a year or two apart. This leaves roughly 4 years -- 1859-1863 -- between which to bear and lose two children.
Some lists of Baldwin children include a "(3) Sarah", who apparently was born and died in 1859. If "Clayton" and "Anne" or "Sarah" were in fact children of John and Margaret, then they died before the 1860 census (when they would have been about 1 year old), or before the 1870 census (when they would have been going on 10).
The 1900 and 1910 censuses state that Margaret had respectively 14 and 12 children of whom 11 survived. In addition to the children he had with with Margaret, John fathered 3 children (Elizabeth, John, and Mary) with Margaret's older sister Rebecca. A couple of the 14 children reported in the 1900 census may have been Rebecca's.
John R. Baldwin's family in 19th century censuses
The 1850 census for District 31 of Lee County, Virginia, shows John R. Baldwin (22) farming with his wife Rebecca (22) and their daughter Elizabeth (1). Other sheets from the same Lee County census show Margaret (14) still living with her parents, John F. Howard (48) and Elizabeth (38), and 2 older and 5 younger siblings. Rebecca and Margaret are said to have been born in Kentucky.
The 1860 census for the Jonesville post office area of the Western District of Lee County, Virginia, shows the family of "John R. Balwin" [sic = Baldwin] (31), Farmer, "Margret" [sic = Margaret] (22), Housekeeper, Elisabeth L. [sic Elizabeth L.] (10), John M. (8), Mary E. (7), Wm. H. (4), Robbert E. [sic = Robert E.] (3), and Thos. N. (16), Farm labor. Everyone -- including Margaret -- are said to have been born in Lee [county] in Washington, Virginia.
Elizabeth, John, and Mary are Rebecca's children. William and Robert are Margaret's children. "Thos. N." is Thomas Newton Baldwin (b1843), John R. Baldwin's younger brother.
Neighboring Baldwin families in 1900 and 1910 censuses
The first two censuses of the 20th century show several children of the Baldwin-Howard family living as adults in separate households next door to each other.
The 1900 census for the 3rd Magisterial District, Pond Creek, of Jackson County, Kentucky shows -- on the same enumeration sheet -- three Baldwin households in a row.
John died in 1909, after which Margaret would live with a grandson next door to the households of other sons.
The 1910 census for the 3rd Magisterial District of Jackson County, Kentucky shows shows Margaret Baldwin living in the family of a grandson apparently next door to the households of two of her other sons. All three families were living on Terrell Creek Road, which was listed after Pond Creek Road.
King family and Cherokee blood
The Baldwin and King families of Jackson County, Kentucky, appear to have been socially as well as geographically close. Two Baldwin-Howard sons, Robert and George Baldwin, married King-Nichols daughters, Eliza and Emeline, and many King-related Baldwins are buried in the King Cemetery in Peoples in Jackson County.
Someone posting to a Baldwin message board claimed that "Emmaline King's mother was a full blooded Cherokee." The claim was made in reference to the wife of George F. Baldwin, a son of John R. Baldwin and Margaret Howard.
The 1870 and 1880 censuses do not support the "Cherokee" thesis.
The 1870 and 1880 censuses had 5 "Color" classifications -- White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), and Indian (I).
1870 censuses for Eliza's and Emeline's parents
The 1870 census for Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky, shows "Woodson T." (23), a farm laborer, as the oldest of 5 children still at home with "George W. King" (53), a farmer, born in Tennessee, and "Tabitha" (53), keeping house, born in Virginia. Everyone in the family is classified "W" under "Color".
The 1870 Pond Creek census also shows "Josephine" (18) as the 3rd of 9 children of "R.E. Nichols" (62), born in North Carolina, and "Emaline" [sic] (44), born in Tennessee. Everyone in the family is classified "W" under "Color".
1880 census for Eliza and Emeline with their parents
The 1880 census for "Ex. Dist. No. 57" of "Precinct No. 7" of Jackson County, Kentucky, shows "Eliza J." (6) and "Emaline" [sic] (5) among 3 other children of "Woodson T. King (33), a laborer, and "Josephine" (30), keeping house. The census states that Woodson was born in Tennessee to Tennessee-born parents, while Josephine was born in Kentucky to a father born in North Carolina and a Kentucky-born mother. Everyone in the family is classified "W" under "Color".
Josephine, born in 1851, died on 22 January 1941. Josephine's mother, Emeline Shiplett, born in Tennessee in 1835, died in Pulaski County, Kentucky, on 15 January 1905.
Woodson T. (1846-1931) and Josephine (1951-1941) share an erect King headstone in King Cemetery in Peoples in Jackson County, where both Eliza and Emeline are buried as "Baldwins" with "K" middle initials.
As for the "full blooded Cherokee" allegation -- the census "Color" classifications prove nothing. However, in the absence of positive evidence of Cherokee ancestry, the census classifications weigh against the claim that Josephine (much less her mother) was an Indian.
One would think that a "full blooded" Indian of any tribal origin would have been physically distinct, and that -- according to the racialist principles of the "Color" classification scheme -- someone who was known to be a "full blooded" Indian would have been classified as an Indian, and that halfbreeds would have been classified as Mulatto.
Indians were not racially identified in the 1790-1840 censuses, which classified people by their status and/or color.
1810 Free whites, All other free persons, Slaves
The 1850 and 1860 censuses were the first to identify people by color -- white, black, or mulatto. 1870 and 1880 censuses added Chinese and Indian, and the 1890 and 1900 censuses added added quadroon, octoroon, and Japanese.
The 1850 and subsequent censuses included "Indians" living in the general population. Most Indians in the general population were citizens of the United States, unlike the "non-taxed" Indians who lived on reservations or were otherwise enrolled as members of a Federally-recognized tribe and under tribal jurisdiction. Such Indians, who were nationals but not citizens, did not become citizens until the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924.
Whether someone was tallied as "Indian" or as something else depended a lot on the enumerator, the community, the family, and the person. Indians in some southern states were apt to be classified as "mulatto", especially if they were perceived as being mixed, as the word was broadly used to mean anyone of mixed race. But an Indian might also be classified as "black" or "white" depending on perceptions. Some people who might have been classified as other than "white" passed as white, or were said to be white by their families.
Not a few family-tree genealogy enthusiasts search "in vain" as it were for blood ties with history's famous and infamous, or with yesteryear's victims of discrimination and oppression. States like Kentucky -- through which many Cherokee passed after the Indian Removal Act of 1830 -- especially on the mass exodus in 1838 along the fabled "Trail of Tears" -- are supposed to have witnessed many unions between Cherokees and whites and blacks.
Update On 7 July 2017, a member of the Baldwin Genealogy group on Facebook, of which I became a member from 22 November 2018, posted a image from an Ancestry.com message board stating that "Emmaline King's mother was a full-blooded Cherokee." Judith Baldwin Campbell replied that "My gr gr grandmother was Josephine Nichols, mother of Emiline (Shiplett) King. My line is via Eliza Jane King, sister to Emiline, and wife of Robert E., Baldwin. Ancestry shows no Indian in me. However if you had seen my grandfather, her son you would swear to differ, but no Indian shown for me on Ancestry dna testing."
Charles Baldwin's marriages
Some great grandchildren of Charles Nelson Baldwin (1878-1944) have reported that their grandparents -- his children with his 1st and 2nd confirmable wives, Cinthia Emma McDowell (1879-1916) and Grace [Nancy G., Grace L.] [Fullington] [Fullerton] (1900-1980) -- didn't know much about their half-siblings owing to their differences in age.
Some of the children born to Emma between 1899-1916, and some of those born to Grace between 1922 and the late 1930s or early 1940s, either had had little or no contact with each other. Moreover, Emma's youngest children were too young when she died to remember her, and Grace's youngest were too young when Charles died to remember him.
Charles Baldwin and his families in censuses
Census and other data reveal the following information about Charles Nelson Baldwin (1878-1940).
Pilgrims Rest Cemetery in East Bernstadt, Laurel County, Kentucky, has two similarly designed flat headstones for the following Baldwins.
CHARLEY N. BALDWIN / SEPT. 2, 1879 / AUG. 1, 1944
The following photographs of members of the Baldwin-Howard family are copped (and some cropped) from images posted on Ancestry.com. By default, all images have been attributed to Ancestry.com, except those for which I have been able to confirm the identity of the photographer and/or scanner by direct email contact. The colors of some of the received images appear to have been doctored if not entirely changed by a photo editor. In principle, my own scans are unaltered versions of 24-bit color scans that show the photographs as they looked at the time they were scanned.
John R. Baldwin and Margaret Howard
John Milton Baldwin
James Alfred Baldwin and Nancy McGee
Elihu Joseph Baldwin
Henry Clay Baldwin
George Finley Baldwin and Emeline King with children
Archelus Fernando Baldwin
The children of George and Emeline Baldwin
There are 9 children in the George and Emeline Baldwin family portrait. However, the 1910 and 1930 censuses show that they had at least 10 children -- 7 boys and 3 girls -- 5 boys and 2 girls in the 1910 census, and 2 boys and 1 girl in the 1930 census. I have not yet found them in a 1920 census.
So which children are in the portrait? And when was it taken?
Considering the information in the two censuses and other data, one can estimate the differences of the children's ages -- i.e., the gaps between their births in years and months (see table below). Considering their age differences together with their birth order and sex, I would say that the portrait was taken early in 1913, a few months after the birth of Charles, and a few years before the birth of Ada. This requires viewing both of the children on George's and Emeline's laps as George (Jr.) and Charles.
If this reasoning is correct, then the identities of the children in the portrait would be as follows, left to right, birth order in (parentheses).
Back Amos (5), Gertrude (3), Cecil (1), James (2), Armina (4)
The lists of children on the two censuses do not overlap. The 1910 census lists 7 born before the 1910, and the 1930 census lists 3 children born between 1910 and 1920. The largest gap is between the last two children, Charles (1912) and Ida (1916).
The following table shows the names and ages of the children in the two censuses, which list the children from oldest to youngest. The birth-order numbers are mine. I calculated the birth years from the census data, and the age differences from the most detailed birth dates available. The more detailed birth and death dates, and the name variations, are from Ancestor.com and other on-line sources. The discrepancies are par for such data sources. The accuracy of such data cannot be taken for granted.
Known children of George and Emeline Baldwin
Source of data Census Calculated Various other sources Year born Birth date Death date # Name Age Gap yr-mo dy mo yr dy mo yr Name 1910 census 1. Cecil J. 11 c1899 1-1 Jan 1899 1930 Cecil J. Baldwin 2. James F. 10 c1900 1-2 9 Feb 1900 1970 James Franklin Baldwin 3. Gertrude 9 c1901 1-4 1 Mar 1901 7 Sep 2001 Gertrude "Trudy" Schell 4. Amos V. 7 c1903 3 14 Aug 1902 15 Jan 1980 Amos V. Baldwin 5. Arminie 5 c1905 2 1905 7 Aug 1959 Armina 6. Quenton 3 c1907 1 1907 1 Jan 1987 Quinton R. Baldwin 7. Howard K. 2 c1908 3 1908 10 Jan 1973 Howard K. Baldwin 1930 census 8. George Jr. 18 c1912 1-4 20 May 1911 1986 George C. Baldwin 9. Charles 17 c1913 4-1 20 Sep 1912 15 Apr 2001 Charles Baldwin 10. Ada 13 c1917 14 Oct 1916 1983 Ada Mary
Chronology of Baldwin-Steele family through censuses
5. Newton Bascom Baldwin and Martha Ellen Steele
The Baldwin-Steele family descends from at least England, Scotland, Ireland, and France through several American colonies and territories including New York (NY), Massachusetts (MA), Virginia (VA), Tennessee (TN), and Kentucky (KY).
Baldwin line down to Baldwin-Steele union
The Baldwin line seems to have migrated from Ireland to Virginia in the late 18th century. The following reconstruction is based and various reports of very uneven quality. Only information from John R. Baldwin on down has benefited from inspection of census and other civil records.
The smaller 1st number represents the ancestral generation "n" counted back in time from my own generation taken as n = 0. Accordingly, my parents are n = 1 (1. Wetherall-Hardman), their parents are n = 2 (including 2. Wetherall-Baldwin), and their grandparents are n = 3 (including 5. Baldwin-Steele).
The larger 2nd number represents the family number counting from the union of my parents (1. Wetherall-Hardman). These numbers are the basis for the numbers assigned all family tables on this website. See the Wetherall families section of the "Wetherall family history" page on this website for a table showing how this numbering scheme works for 6 ancestral generations of the Wetherall-Hardman family.
Steele line down to Baldwin-Steele union
See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett an account of the Steele line of the Steele-Grubb from which the Baldwin-Steele family partly descends, and the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.
See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett for a look at the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line of the Baldwin-Steele family with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.
1860 census for the Jonesville post office area of the Western District of Lee County, Virginia shows the family of "John R. Balwin" [sic = Baldwin] 31, Farmer, "Margret" [sic = Margaret] 22, Housekeeper, Elisabeth L. 10, John M. 8, Mary E. D. 7, Wm. H. 4, Robbert E. 3, and Thos. N. 16, Farm labor. All are shown to have been born in Lee [county] in Washington, Va.
Elizabeth Letitia Baldwin (1849–1930), John Milton Baldwin (1851–1936), and Mary E. Baldwin (1853-1870) were John R. Baldwin's children with Rebecca (Howard) Baldwin (1828-1854).
Newton Bascum Baldwin was born in Virginia on 24 December 1862, the 3rd child and son of John R. Baldwin (1828-1909), who was born in Virginia, with Margaret [Anne] (Howard) Baldwin (1835–1912), who was born in Kentucky.
Martha Ellen Steele was born on 14 October 1863 in Kentucky to a father born in Kentucky and a mother born in North Carolina (1880 census), though parents born in North Carolina.
Baldwins move from Virginia to Kentucky around 1863
1870 census shows "Newton B. Baldwin" (8) living in Sturgeon, Jackson County, Kentucky (Post Office: Gray Hawk) with his father John R. Baldwin (41), a farmer, his mother Margaret (35), keeping house, siblings John M. (18), Mary E. (17), William H. (14), Robert E. (12), James A. (6), Elihu J. (3), and Henry C. (2). James V. Howard (23) and Sarah E. Thomas (14) were also living with the family. John, William, and Robert were farm laborers. James Howard, probably Margaret (nee Howard's) brother, was also a farm laborer. Sarah Thomas was a domestic servant. The household's real estate and personal property were valued at 400 and 250 dollars. Margaret and her youngest sons James A., Elihu, and Henry C. were born in Kentucky. All others in the household were born in Virginia. The two oldest children -- John M. (18) and Mary E. (17) -- are John R. Baldwin's children with his 1st wife, Rebecca (Howard) Baldwin (1828-1854), Margaret's deceased older sister.
1870 census shows "Martha E. Steele" (6) living in the household of Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] Steele (50), in which she is the youngest child, following George (23), James H. (21), Sarah H. (17), Nancy E. (15), John W. (12), and Mary J. (9). Elizabeth is a widow keeping house, while George and James are single farmers, and John is a farm hand. Elizabeth's place of birth is shown as "Va, Ky" as though she wasn't sure, while all the children are said to have been born in Kentucky. Elizabeth cannot write, while George, James, Nancy, and John can neither read nor right. George and James are "Male citizens of U.S. of ages 21 years and upwards".
1880 census shows "Newton B. Baldwin" (19) living in Jackson County, Kentucky, apparently in Pond Creek, with his father John R. Baldwin (51), mother Margaret (44), and younger siblings, brothers James A. (16), Elihur J. (13), and Henry C. (12), sister Martha A. (9), and brothers George F. (7), Samuel L. B. (5), Archelus F. (3), and Charles N. (8/12). His father, himself, and all his brothers down to and including Henry, are laborers, probably in a coal mine. Margaret is keeping house.
As of 1880, John R. Baldwin had fathered at least 13 children, including 2 girls and 11 boys. In 1870, Newton B. was in the middle of the pack. In 1880 he was the oldest of those still at home.
1880 census shows "Martha E. Steele" (15) also living in what appears to be Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky, with her mother Elizabeth Steele (59), and her brother John W. Steele (22). The Steele household is listed immediately after Baldwin household, on the same census sheet, so apparently the two families were neighbors. Elizabeth, widowed, is keeping house. John is a laborer, and Martha E. is at home.
Elizabeth, equivocally born in "Va, Ky" in the 1870 census, is reported in the 1880 census to have been born in North Caroline, while her father was born in Germany and her mother in Virginia. John and Martha (Ellen) were said to have been born in Kentucky, their father in Kentucky, and their mother in North Carolina.
1880-1882 The 1880 census was enumerated on 2 June. Some reports claim that N. Bascum and M. Ellen married on 5 December that year. However, the 1900 and 1910 censuses record that they had been married respectively 18 and 28 years, which implies they had married in 1882, the year before their first daughter, Sadie, was born.
Between 1883 and 1890, Bascum and Ellen had 4 daughters, all born in Kentucky. Their youngest daughter, Ida Mae Baldwin, would marry William Riley Wetherall and give birth to William Bascum (later Bascom) Wetherall.
1890 census was destroyed in a fire.
1900 census shows "
The same enumeration sheet shows two other Baldwin-Steele families -- (1) N.B.'s parents, John R. and Margaret Baldwin, and his 6th younger brother, their 7th (John's 8th) son, Arch Baldwin, and (2) N.B.'s 4th younger brother, George, and his family. The three Baldwin-Steele families are grouped together, as though they were living on neighboring farms or were farming the same land. The fertility figures on the 1900 census state that Margaret had given birth to 14 children of whom 11 survived. John R. died in 1909, after which Margaret would live with a grandson next door to the families of two other sons. See 1910 census (below) and "Neighboring Baldwin families in 1900 and 1910 censuses" (above) for fuller details.
1904 seems to have been the year that Bascum and Ellen Baldwin uprooted their family from Kentucky and began the westward wanderings that took them through at least Nebraska and Washington before settling in Idaho around 1910. In the early 1980s, their granddaughter Lennie Lee Anstine wrote an autobiographical account of the Anstine family in which she said that her mother, Lydia (Baldwin) Anstine, Bascum and Ellen's 2nd daughter, born in Kentucky in 1886, had left Kentucky when she was 18 -- ergo 1904.
1905 Kansas census for Parsons, in Labette County, enumerated on 1 March 1905, shows "N.B. Baldwin" (44), residing in a home with "C.F. Williams" (28), "Sallie Williams" (22), and "Oscar Williams" (6). C.F. Williams and N.B. Baldwin were born in Virgina, and Sallie and Oscar were born in Kentucky. C.F. Williams came to Kansas from Tennessee, while Sallie and Oscar Williams, and N.B. Baldwin, came to Kansas from Kentucky. C.F. Williams is described as a "Hospital attendant".
1907 Lincoln, Nebraska directory shows "Ellen Baldwin" and "Neuton B. Baldwin" [sic = Newton] both working and residing at the "Asylum" -- i.e., the Nebraska Hospital for the Insane -- he as a "meat cutter", she as an "asst cook". Lennie Anstine's account says that Lydia met Charley in Lincoln, where she was attending business school. Apparently they were living at the same boarding house.
1908 Spokane, Washington directory shows "Newton B Baldwin" working at a "restaurant" at 914 1st Avenue and residing at 907 1/2 1st Avenue. The "Restaurants" section of the classifieds shows a "N B Baldwin" at 914 1st Avenue. The same directory shows "Ida M Baldwin" as a student at "N W Business College" boarding at 1222 Sprague Avenue. There are many Baldwin's in the directory, including a "Madge Baldwin", a student at the same college, boarding at the same address. "Madge" may well be a corruption of "Meda".
1909 Spokane, Washington directory shows "Newton B Baldwin" working at a "restaurant" at 914 1st Avenue and residing at 921 1st Avenue. The "Restaurants" section of the classifieds show "N B Baldwin" at 914 1st Avenue. "Ida M Baldwin" is shown as a student at "Blair Bus Coll" boarding at 921 1st Avenue, which is Newton B. Baldwin's address. "Meda J Baldwin" is shown working as a "cashr" at "N B Baldwin" and residing at the same 921 1st Avenue.
Ida Mae Baldwin has transferred from North West Business College to its rival Blair Business College and moved in with her parents. Marge Baldwin is not listed in the 1909 directory. "Marge" may actually have been Ida's older sister "Meda" boarding with Ida and attending the same North West Business College.
1910 Spokane, Washington directory shows "Ida M Baldwin" boarding at Apartment J 1017 3rd Avenue. No place of work or study is shown. Neither her parents nor sister are listed.
1910 census shows "Newton B. Baldwin" (47), a restaurant keeper, and his wife Martha E. Baldwin (46), living on First Avenue in St. Maries, Kootenai County, Idaho. They had been married for 28 years in what was a 1st marriage for both, and she had had 4 children of whom all 4 survived. Residing with them were their daughters Meda J. Baldwin (21), single, a milliner working at her own shop and Sadie E. Williams (26), married for 6 years, no occupation, a granddaughter Fay [sic = Faye] M. Williams (3), and a grandson Claud [sic = Claude] J. Williams (2). Also listed as living in the Baldwin household were 12 boarders, ranging in age from 24 to 51, and working . The first listed boarder, a 48-year-old unmarried man who had immigrated from Germany in 1880 and since naturalized, was working as a dishwasher at a restaurant, most likely N.B. Baldwin's. The only female boarder was a 42-year-old childless widow, who was working as a teacher at a public school.
Sadie had 4 children of whom only Faye and Claude survived. That she had been married for 6 years suggests she had married around 1904 (the 1930 census reports her age as 46 and says she was 19 when first married, which implies she married in 1903). She is apparently already separated from their father, who was said to have been born in Tennessee. Faye was born in Iowa in 1906 and Claude was born in Nebraska in 1907.
The 1910 census for the 3rd Magisterial District of Jackson County, Kentucky shows N. Bascum Baldwin's mother Margaret living with the family of her grandson, Bradley Baldwin. Bradley is living next door to the families of two of Margaret's sons, H. Clay Baldwin (1867–1950) and Charley Baldwin (1878–1940). This census states that Margaret had borne 12 children of whom 11 survived. Margaret died in 1912. See "Neighboring Baldwin families in 1900 and 1910 censuses" (above) for fuller details about the neighboring Baldwin-Steele families in these censuses.
1911-1912 St. Maries, Idaho directory shows the following people related to the Baldwin's or their enterprises.
Abel John, clerk Baldwin & Thatch (page 186) [employee at grocery story]
1914-1915 St. Maries, Idaho directory shows both Newton B. Baldwin (and parenthetically his wife Ellen), and also William R. Wetherall (and Ida M.), but no Clifford Ure or Sadie Williams.
Baldwin Newton B (Ellen), St Maries (page 70)
1916-1917 St. Maries, Idaho directory shows the following members of the Baldwin-Steele family.
Baldwin Newton B (Ellen), lab, $50, h 2004 Idaho av, St Maries (page 527)
William B. Wetherall was uncertain about the nature of his father's employment in St. Maries but assumed he had found work as a printer. He consistently reported that his mother had been in an asylum and not at home. The parenthetic inclusion of "Ida M." as William R. Wetherall's wife in the 1914-1915 and 1915-1917 directories give the impression that perhaps Ida was living at home. Perhaps William R. had her listed in order to create the impression that he had a wife and his son had a mother. It is not clear from the directory where William R. was living. William B. reported that he lived with his father in St. Maries but consistently spoke of being raised by his mother's family. Possibly William R. was living with the Baldwins.
N. Bascum Baldwin died on 22 March 1919 in St. Maries,
1920 census for St. Maries, Idaho shows the household of Clifford M. Yre [sic = Ure] (32), head, born in Iowa, Meda (31), wife, born in Kentucky, Greta A. (7 1/12), daughter, born in Idaho, and Ellen M. [sic = M. Ellen] Baldwin (56), mother, widowed, born in Kentucky. Clifford was working as a a US mail carrier at the post office. Meda and Ellen had no occupation. The family was living at 2004 in what was called the "Townsite Addition". "2004" is also the house number of the St. Maries home in which Ellen and Sadie were living in 1940 (see below).
1930 census Ellen Baldwin (66), widowed, in "E" Township of Seward County, Nebraska, as the mother-in-law of Charles Anstine (46), head, widowed, his daughters Lennie (20), Ora [sic = Aura] (18), and Imogene (3 6/12). Charles is a farmer, and Lennie and Aura are public school teachers. Charles was the husband of Ellen's 2nd daughter Lydia, who had died the year before after a 2-year bout with colon cancer. It appears that Ellen had been living with the Anstines to help care for Lydia and Imogene, who was born in 1926 shortly before Lydia's colostomy operation in 1927 and hence was still an infant. The 1930 census for "P" township in Seward County shows Sadie (46), divorced, residing and working at the Nebraska Industrial House, a home for unwed mothers. The census shows Sadie's daughter Faye Williams (23) as a teacher in Lincoln, Nebraska. Claude is also possibly living in Seward or Lincoln at the time.
1940 census shows "Sadie Williams" (57), divorced, living as head of household at 2004 Idaho Avenue in St. Maries, Benewah County, Idaho. She had been living in Spokane, Washington in 1935. Living with her is her mother, Ellen Baldwin (76), widowed, who had been living in the same St. Maries home in 1935. Sadie had completed 2 years of college, Ellen 8 years of grade school. Their home is valued at 600 dollars, and they own it free of mortgage.
M. Ellen Baldwin died in St. Maries on 27 April 1943.
William Bascom Wetherall's maternal grandparents
N. Bascum Baldwin and M. Ellen Steele, parents of Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall
The Baldwin-Steele plot of graves are in the original addition of Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries, in Benewah County in Idaho. The plot includes the graves of Bascum and Ellen (Steele) Baldwin, their 4th (youngest) daughter Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall, and their 3rd daughter Meda (Baldwin) Ure and her husband Clifford Ure.
Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Maries, Benewah County, Idaho
The general Baldwin tombstone in the middle of the plot is slightly tapered stone -- wider on top -- with an oval top. The face is engraved with the names of the Baldwin-Steel family's progenitors -- N. Bascum and M. Ellen Baldwin. Their headstones the "Mother" and "Father" headstones in front of general Baldwin tombstone.
The back of the general Baldwin tombstone is engraved "Ure" -- the family name of Clifford M. Ure, who was Bascum's and Ellen's son in law. Clifford was from St. Maries, and he and Meda continued to live in the town after they married in 1911 and they moved to Spokane no later than 1945.
Ida's son William B. Wetherall (1911-2013), this writer's father, was born in Iowa but raised by the Baldwins in St. Maries from the end of 1911 to 1917, when he began living with his paternal Wetherall-Beaman grandparents in Iowa. After graduating from high school, however, he moved back to St. Maries and lived with the Ure's while going to college and law school in Moscow.
After Bascum died in 1919, Ellen lived with all of her daughters except Ida, who died in 1923 at the state asylum in Orofino, where she had been committed for many years. Ellen lived with her 3rd daughter's Ure family, as well as with her 1st daughter Sadie Williams, who had also settled in St. Maries, during the period when WBW was going to college. She was living in Nebraska with her 2nd daughter, Lydia Anstine, when Lydia died in 1929. During the late 1920s, WBW worked summers on the Anstine farm.
The first three of the above graves are grouped together in the Baldwin family plot with the following inscriptions.
N. BASCUM BALDWIN / DEC. 24, 1862 / MAR. 22, 1919
The Ure graves, in the back of the general Baldwin tombstone, have the following inscriptions.
CLIFFORD M. URE / 1887-1953
After Bascum Baldwin's death in 1919, Ellen lived for a while with her 3rd daughter Meda Ure and Clifford in St. Maries (1920 census). Ellen would have seen to the burial of her 4th daughter, Ida Wetherall, who died in Orofino, Idaho in 1923.
Ellen later lived with the family of her 2nd daughter Lydia Anstine in Nebraska, and she continued to live there for a while after Lydia's death in 1929 (1930 census).
The 1940 census shows Ellen living in St. Maries with her 1st daughter, Sadie Williams. Sadie and Meda would have seen to her burial after her death in 1943.
Meda and Clifford moved to Spokane no later than 1945. Their daughter Greta A. Lemmer and her family, and their son H. Dale Ure and his family, settled there no later than 1950. Presumably Meda saw to the burial of Clifford in Woodlawn Cemetery in 1953, and her children saw to her burial with him in 1971.
Some Ure and Lemmer descendants are still residing in Spokane, and presumably they are maintaining the Baldwin graves at Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries, in addition to the graves of their own immediate families.
Greta (Ure) Lemmer (1912-1999) and her husband Harlan Lemmer (1904-1985), both of whom died died in Spokane, where they had settled, are buried together in Hope Cemetery in East Hope, Bonner County, Idaho.
Woodlawn Cemetery was established in 1911 on the outskirts of St. Maries on land that was then part of Kootenai county, and the tombs which had been in a small cemetery within the city were moved to the new cemetery. The city and the cemetery are now part of Benewah county, which was created in 1915 from a part of Kootenai. The cemetery is now within the expanded city limits and is owned and managed by the city.
The Baldwin's 1st daughter, Sadie Williams, and her daughter Faye and son-in-law Howard, and their daughter Marilyn, are all buried in Coeur d'Alene, Kootenai County, Idaho cemeteries.
Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Kootenai County, Idaho
The photographs of the above graves, shown to the right, were taken by Michael Young and posted on the Find A Grave website in 2013, with exception of Hattie Rebenstorf's grave, which was posted by "Pam R." in 2007. The inscriptions on their tombstones are as follows.
SADIE E. WILLIAMS / OUR MOTHER GRANDMOTHER / 1883-1964
The location of the grave of Claude Williams, Sadie's son and Faye's brother, is not yet known. If he was cremated, his ashes may have been consecrated in a columbarium, possibly also at Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens.
Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens
Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens originated as Restlawn Memorial Park in 1955. It later became Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Columbarium & Monuments.
The Baldwin's 2nd daughter, Lydia M. (Baldwin) Anstine, her husband Charles A. Anstine, and their 1st daughter Velma, who died in her childhood, are buried together in the same plot at Utica Cemetery in Seward County, Nebraska, where the Anstines farmed.
Utica Cemetery, Utica, Seward County, Nebraska
The Anstine's 2nd daughter, Lennie Severns (1910-1997), is buried with her husband, William Archie Severns (1906-1991), in Claquato Cemetery in Chehalis, Lewis County, Washington, near Centralia, their home for over half a century after their migration from Seward, Nebraska to Washington in 1937.
Their 3rd daughter, Aura Dey, died in Riverside, California. However, she may be buried in Spokane, Washington, where she and her husband George M. Dey had lived most of their lives after migrating to Washington from Nebraska. Apparently he returned to Spokane after her death.
Their 4th daughter, Imogene LeBaron, died in Federal Way, Washington, and her husband Keith R. LeBaron died in Seattle. Presumably they are buried together in Washington.
William Bascom Wetherall's maternal-paternal great grandparents
John R. Baldwin and Margaret A. Howard, parents of N. Bascum Baldwin
N. Bascum Baldwin's father John R. Baldwin (1828-1909), and his mother Margaret (Howard) Baldwin (1835-1912), are buried at Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, which at the time of their deaths was in the Ponds Creek voting precinct of Jackson County in Kentucky. The photographs shown to the right were taken by Dale Przybyl and posted on the Find A Grave website in 2010.
The inscriptions on their headstones are as follows.
REV. JOHN R. / BALDWIN
Margaret Baldwin's death certificate
Margaret Baldwin's death certificate shows the following particulars among others.
Jonas Steele and Elizabeth Grubb
All children in the above table are listed in 19th century Steele-Grubb family censuses. However, their full names, birth and death dates, and other particulars are patched together from various Ancestry.com and other sources, many of them unconfirmed.
Jonas and Elizabeth had 10 children according to census records. There are a couple of gaps in the sequence of their births, during which they may have had a child or two who died at birth or in infancy between censuses.
Literacy in the Steele-Grubb family
The 1870 census shows that Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] (50), keeping house, could not write. It also shows that 4 of the 7 children still living with her after Jonas's death in 1868 George (23) and James H. (21), both farmers, Nancy E. (15), and John W. (12), farm hand -- could neither read nor write. Sarah H. (17) appears to have been literate. Mary J. (9) and Martha E. (6), were perhaps too young to be included in this part of the education section of the census.
The 1850 census shows only Elizabeth (40) as being unable to read or write. It appears that, by the 1870 census, she had learned to read.
Whatever the conditions that prevented so many of the Steele children from learning to read and write, Ellen -- 6 years old in 1870 -- would complete 8 years of grade school education before she married in 1880, according to the 1940 census. All 4 of her children would finish high school and a year or two of post-high-school vocational education.
See Educating daughters under "Anstine sisters" above for further details.
Chronology of Steele-Grubb family through censuses
The Steele-Grubb family descends from England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany and other European lines, through lines in American colonies and territories including New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, and Kentucky.
See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett for a look at the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line of the Steele-Grubb family with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.
Jonas Steele was born on 18 March 1815 in Whitley County, Kentucky.
Elizabeth Grubb was born on 28 July 1820 in Kentucky if not in Virginia or North Carolina.
There is some confusion about whether Elizabeth was born in Virginia, Kentucky, or North Carolina. The 1850 census says Virginia and the 1860 census says Kentucky. The 1870 census says "Va, Ky" and the 1880 census says North Carolina. The 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 censuses for Elizabeth's daughter, Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin favor North Carolina but don't rule out Virginia. Such variation shows why census (and other recorded) information must always be taken as tentative until substantiated by independent (and hopefully reliable) data. People's memories can be very shaky, and census enumerators can make mistakes in their rush to record what they think they been told and heard.
Jonas Steele's places of birth
Jonas and Elizabeth married in 1838.
1840 census shows a "Jonas Steel" family with 3 free whites -- 1 male 0-9, 1 male 20-29, and 1 female 15-19 living in Whitley County, Kentucky. One member is engaged in agriculture. The ages agree with what is known about Jonas Steele (b1815), Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele (b1820), and their son Preston B. Steele (b 1 March 1838).
1850 census shows the family of Jonas Steel [sic = Steele] (35), a farmer born in Kentucky, living in District 1 of Whitley County, Kentucky on real estate valued at 400 dollars. His household includes his wife, Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] (30), born in Virginia and unable to read or write, with 5 children -- Preston (12), Juliane or Juliana (10), William (7), George (4), and James (1), all born in Virginia [sic = Kentucky]. Living with them are Susan Banton (30), born in Virginia and unable to read or write, and Martha Banton (2), born in Kentucky.
1860 census shows "Jonas Steel" (45), a farmer, living in the Jellico District (post office Wild Cat) of Whitley County, Kentucky. His real and personal estates are valued at 1,000 and 300 dollars. Living with him are Elizabeth (40) and 8 children, Preston (22), William D. (15), George C. (13), James H. (11), Sarah R. (9), Nancy E. (5), John W. (2), and Mary J. (2/12). Elizabeth, Preston, and William are also farmers, and all members in the household are reportedly born in Kentucky.
Jonas died on 4 October 1868 in Whitley County, Kentucky. He is buried at Bingham Cemetery in Corbin, Whitley County, Kentucky.
1870 census shows the family of "Elisabeth Steele" [sic = Elizabeth] (50) living in the Jofields Precinct (post office Rockholds) of Whitley County, Kentucky. She is keeping house, and her real and personal estates are valued at 200 dollars each. Living with her were 7 children, George (23), a farmer, James H. (21), also a farmer, Sarah H. (17), Nancy E. (15), John W. (12), a farm hand, Mary J. (9), and Martha E. (6). Elizabeth is unable to write, and George, James, Nancy, and John are unable to either read or right. Both George and James are "Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards". Everyone is reportedly born in Kentucky, except Elizabeth, whose place of birth is shown as "Va, Ky" as though she didn't know which -- or perhaps she was born in a part of Virginia that had become Kentucky.
1880 census shows both the families of John R. Baldwin (51) and Elizabeth Steele (59) living next door to each other in Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky. N.B. Baldwin (19), like his father, is a laborer. Martha E. Steele is 15 and at home. Her brother, John B. (22), is a laborer. Most of the laborers are probably working in a coal mine. The census was enumerated on 2 June. N. Bascum and M. Ellen would marry on 5 December that year.
Elizabeth Steele died on 12 April 1888 at age 67, in Whitley County. She is buried at Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky.
William Bascom Wetherall's maternal-maternal great grandparents
Jonas Steele and Elizabeth Grubb, parents of M. Ellen (Steele) Baldwin
There are many Steele graves in Kentucky. A number of them are of members of the Steele line of the Steele-Grubb family of Jonas and Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele.
Jonas and Elizabeth Steele
Jonas Steele died on 4 October 1868 at age 48 in Whitley County, Kentucky. He is buried at Bingham Cemetery in Corbin in Whitley County. His tombstone is a roughly hewn slab of rock with the following roughly chiseled inscription, using what appears to be DC or DCD for "deceased".
JONAS STEELE / WAS BORN MARCH / 18 1815 DCD OCT / 4 1863
Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele died on 12 April 1888 at age 67 also in Whitley County. However, she is buried at Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, Jackson County, about 50 kilometers (30 miles) north of Corbin. Her tombstone is of a more refined design and crafting.
ELIZABETH STEELE / JULY 28, 1820 / APR. 2, 1888
Jonas and Elizabeth had at least 10 children. All 5 sons and at least 1 daughter died in Kentucky. The youngest child and daughter, Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin, died in Idaho (see "Baldwin-Steele graves" above). The locations of the tombs of the following children are known.
William Bascom Wetherall's maternal-maternal-paternal great-great grandparents
Samuel Steele and Jerusha Powers, parents of Jonas Steele
No graves clearly related to the Steele-Powers family of Samuel Steele and Jerusha Powers have yet been found. Presumably they are buried in Kentucky, where they settled and died, while some of their ancestral graves are probably in Virginia, where both were born.
Jerusha (Powers) Steele
"Jerusha Steele" is supposed to have died in 1850. She may well be the "Gerusha Steele" who the morality schedule of the 1850 census for Whitley County, Kentucky records has having died in May 1850 during the year ending 1 June 1850.
Schedule 3 of the 1850 census enumerated "Persons who Died During the Year Ending 1st June 1850". The schedule enumerated 11 items of information -- 1. Name of every person who died during the year ending 1st June, 1850, whose usual place of abode at the time of his death was in his family, 2. Age, 3. Sex, 4. Race (White, black, or mulatto), 5. Free or slave, 6. Married or widowed, 7. Place of birth (Naming the state, territory, or country), 8. The month in which the person died, 9. Profession, occupation, 10. Disease, or cause of death, 11. Number of days ill.
The mortality schedule for Districts 1 and 2 of Whitley County, Kentucky enumerated 66 persons on three sheets, each of which had 35 lines. The single sheet for District 1 shows 22 people (Sheet 1), most of them children. One family alone lost 5 children in October 1849 to "fever". The two sheets for District 2 showed 44 people (35 on Sheet 2, 9 on Sheet 3).
The enumerator for District 2 wrote and signed the following statement under "Remarks" at the bottom of Sheet 2.
Causes of death included fever, croup, consumption, worms, I brain (inflammation of brain), not known, T fever (typhoid fever), old age, jaundice, C birth (childbirth), accident, P [sore?] throat (putrid sore throat), chronic, B flux (bloody flux) [dysentery], D eating (dirt eating), and measles.
The "Race" and "Free or slave" columns are blank except for two individuals. One (District 1) was a Georgia-born 65-year-old man named "Jeff" who was "B" (Black), "S" (Slave), and "S" (Single). The other (District 2) was a Kentucky-born 4-year-old girl named "Elizabeth" who was "S" (Slave). Both died of typhoid fever. And both were the only people whose family name, if they had one, was not recorded.
1st sheet -- 22 persons, no Steeles 2nd sheet -- 35 persons, 6 Steeles 2. Edmund Steele 72 M M Virginia May Farmer T Fever 18 3. Rebecca Steele 70 F M Virginia April Old age 10. Gerusha Steele 70 F W Virginia May Psre throat 3 14. Elizabeth A Steele 2 F S Kentucky Sept B flux 16 17. Sarah J Steele 2/12 F Kentucky March Fever 12 35. James Steele 40 M Kentucky Febry T Fever 20 3rd sheet -- 9 persons, 1 Steele 1. Susan Steele 36 F W Kentucky Dec? T Fever 21
Gerusha Steele died of a putrid sore throat (P sore throat), which was probably a severe case of what would later be called a streptococcal infection or "strep throat". Edmund, James, and Susan died of typhoid fever (T fever), Sarah of just a fever, Elizabeth of bloody flux (dysentery), and Rebecca of just old age. Among the 66 people who reportedly died in Whitley County from June 1849 through May 1850, about 1/3rd died of typhoid fever and 1/6th of fever, which together accounted for 1/2 of all deaths.
Edmund and Rebecca Steele
Edmund Steele and Rebecca Steele, both born in Virginia and of similar age, are listed in succession. They may have been husband and wife.
James Steele and Susan Steele, both born in Kentucky, of similar age and both victims of typhoid fever, were also listed in succession. They, too, may have been husband and wife.
The other Steeles are not listed successively, perhaps because they were members of different Steele households.
Steeles in Baldwin-Steele
These are merely hunches. There were many Steeles in the area, some with the same or similar names. However, the ages of Gerusha, Edmund, and Rebecca in 1850 make them strong candidates for regard as members of the Steele family in the Baldwin-Steele line.
The "Edmund" Steele in the 1850 mortality schedule appears to be the "Edmond" Steele that some Steele family trees report was born 2 November [11 August?] 1777 in Montgomery County, Virginia, and died 4 May 1850 in Whitley County, Kentucky. The "Edmond" in family histories appears to have been a younger brother of Jonas Steele's father Samuel Steele (1775-1822), hence Jonas Steele's uncle and Martha Ellen Steele's great uncle. He was reportedly buried at Faddis Cemetery in Gap O'Ridge, Kentucky.
"Edmond" is said to have married Rebecca Beard on 17 September 1800 in Grayson County, Virginia. She was reportedly born 25 December 1778 in Virginia to Martin Beard and an unknown mother, died on 12 April 1857 in Whitley County, and also been buried at Faddis Cemetery.
The following Steeles are interred at Faddis Cemetery.
Edmond Steele (1777-1850)
The "Edmund" in the mortality schedule was 72 at the time of death in May 1850. The "Edmond" in the Steele family histories was also 72 at the time of his death in May 1850. They would appear to be the same person.
The "Rebecca" in the mortality schedule was 70 at the time of her death in April 1850. The "Rebecca" in the Steele family histories was 78 at the time of her death in April 1857. She would have been 71 in April 1850. It is not impossible that the two Rebecca Steeles are one and the same woman. But it is also possible that they were different.
"Gap o' the Ridge" was apparently the location of a two-room school that is no longer there. Some local people today apparently know the Faddis Cemetery as the Old Steele Cemetery.
Robert Steele in Steele-family lore
Linda (Henderson) Lewis), a Steele descendant, accepts the common wisdom among Steele family genealogists that the Steele line started in Scotland. She credits a "Mac McKinney" for providing lots of missing info on Edmond Steele and beyond. She digests the stories she has received about Robert Steele, allegedly the first American-born in her Steele line, like this.
The comments and data in [brackets] are mine (WOW). I have culled the data from various sources, some of which vary with Linda's account. All the following information is tentative.
Dr. Starr Steele
Lennie (Anstine) Severns's granddaughter, Darci Severns, related the following story to me (email, 30 October 2013).
Both my grandma Lennie and auntie Aura talked about a "cousin" named Dr. Starr Steele from Corbin Kentucky. I believe there was the first Dr. Starr Steele, perhaps a cousin of Lydia's and Ida's and recalling hearing that he had a grandson with the same name and was also a Dr. In Corbin. On Ancestry.com I've found a Starr Steele born in 1902 in Corbin Kentucky. It doesn't say that the person is a doctor. It does appear to be a man, cause the spouse's name is Lora.
This is typical of the hand-me-down stories I heard from my own parents and relatives, especially my mother and maternal grandmother, and am known to tell my own children. Such stories include hearsay within hearsay, which is inevitable when relating stories we hear from others who are themselves relating stories they have heard passed down to them. Such stories always have to be threshed to loosen the chafe from the grain, and then winnowed to separate the grain from the chafe.
Doctors Martin and Starr Steele
My pursuit of the kernal of truth in Darci's "Dr. Starr Steele" story led through a number of censuses and other records back to Martha Ellen Steele's family.
Dr. Starr E. Steele (1901-1988) was the son of Dr. Martin Wesley Steele (1876-1945).
So Dr. Martin Steele was Ellen's nephew, Lydia's 1st cousin, and Lennie and Aura's 1st cousin once removed. And Dr. Starr Steele was Ellen's grand nephew, Lydia's 1st cousin once removed, and Lennie's and Aura's 2nd cousin.
Martin Steele was a farmer at the time of his marriage. He later became a physician.
Starr Steele -- described in the 1930 census as a "physician (optometrist)" as opposed to his father, a "physician (general practice)" -- was an optometrist. He served several terms as president of the Kentucky Association of Optometrists and was also an officer of the 12-state Southern Council of Optometrists.
Martin W. Steele was Ellen (Steele) Baldwin's nephew, and Starr E. Steele was her grand nephew. Martin was a 1st cousin of the Baldwin sisters Sadie, Lydia, Meda, and Ida, and Starr was a 2nd cousin of the children of the Baldwin sisters, including Faye and Claude Williams (Sadie), Velma, Lennie, Aura, and Imogene Anstine (Lydia), Greta and Dale Ure (Meda), and William B. Wetherall (Ida) -- all of whom were 1st cousins.
That Lennie and Aura recalled a "Dr. Starr Steele" suggests that the families kept in touch, at least by mail, but probably also through visits. Ellen most likely visited Kentucky during one of her sojourns in Nebraska or trips to Iowa.
The descendants of Jonas and Elizabeth Steele in Idaho and Washington would have been proud of the fact that a Steele cousin had broken out of the farmer and coal miner mold of the Virginia and Kentucky Steeles and become a doctor.
Given the number of Steeles in the extended family of the Steele-Crockett progenitors from Scotland and Ireland, it was probably inevitable that at least one Steele not only aspire to be, but strive to become and succeed in becoming, a medical doctor. And the children of doctors benefit from the improvements in educational opportunities that come with the improvements in the family's economic conditions and social class.
Dr. Steele's office
Dr. Starr Steele's office was in the Corbin Bank Building on the corner of Main and Centre Street in Corbin. The building was one of several in Corbin nominated in 1986 for inclusion on the the National Register of Historic Places maintained by the National Park Service of the United States Department of Interior. The owner of the property described as "Corbin Bank Building, Main and Centre Street" was "Dr. Starr Steele, c/o Ronald Steele, 709 West Fifth, Corbin, Ky. 40701".
The 1930 census shows both the families of both Martin W. Steele and Starr E. Steele living at 709 Fifth Street in Corbin. The household includes Mark [sic = Martin] W. Steele (54), Physician, General Practice, his wife Dannie (51), Star [sic = Starr] Steele (28), Physician, Optometrist, his wife Lora (25), and their son Darrell (11/12). Martin W. Steele owns the home, valued at 3,000 dollars, and the family has a radio set.
The 1940 census shows the Starr E Steele family renting a home on Fifth Street in Corbin for 25 dollars a month. The household included Starr Steele (38), Optometrist, his wife Lora Steele (35), and their sons Darrell Steele (10) and Ronald Steele (5). In 1940, Martin W. Steele (64), Doctor, is living elsewhere in Corbin with his second wife, Elitha (31), and their son Deene R. Steele (3).
There are still, in drawers or trunks or boxes here and there, eyeglasses in cases that say "Dr. Starr Steele, optometrist -- Corbin, Kentucky".
3rd cousins X removed
Steele links with Davy Crockett
The Baldwin-Steele family descends from at least England, Scotland, Ireland, and France through several American colonies and territories including New York (NY), Massachusetts (MA), Virginia (VA), Tennessee (TN), and Kentucky (KY).
The following information is cobbled together from a number of different sources, none of them primary or even secondary. Some information appears to have originated from early European and American records before and after the founding of the United States, but nothing before the mid 19th century, and very little during the 19th century, has been confirmed by documentary evidence.
Whether there is any credibility to the received claims by some creators of
James Alfred Baldwin and Nancy Ann McGee
Chronology of Baldwin-McGee family through censuses
The following table is only a place holder.
10.8 James Alfred Baldwin and Nancy Ann McGee
The following images and descriptions are place holders only.