5. Baldwin-Steele

Newton Bascum Baldwin and Martha Ellen Steele

Table 5   N. Bascum and M. Ellen (Steele) Baldwin family
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
T10 0 Newton Bascum Baldwin 24 Dec 1862 22 Mar 1919 56 Virginia St. Maries ID Woodlawn Cem ID Restaurateur
T11 0 Martha Ellen (Steele) 14 Oct 1863 27 Apr 1943 79 Jackson KY St. Maries ID Woodlawn Cem ID Wife
1 Sada Elizabeth (Williams) 1883 1964 80/81 Kentucky Coeur d'Alene ID Coeur d'Alene ID Nurse
2 Lydia Margaret (Anstine) 1 Apr 1886 31 Aug 1929 44 Annville Jackson KY Seward Co NE Utica NE Farm wife
3 Almeda Jane (Ure) 12 Dec 1888 Nov 1971 82 Kentucky Spokane WA Woodlawn Cem ID Milliner
4 Ida Mae (Wetherall) c Mar 1890 2 Apr 1923 32/33 Corbin KY Orofino ID Woodlawn Cem ID Stenographer
Baldwin-Steele marriage certificate Marriage Register showing union of "Newton B. Baldwin" and "Martha E. Steel" [sic = Martha E. Steele]
as witnessed by relatives and friends, Jackson County, Kentucy, 15 December 1881
Copped, cropped, and composed from Ancestry.com
Baldwin-Steele marriage bond Marriage Bond for "Newton Baldwin" and "M. D. Settle"
also spelled "Martha E. Steel" [sic = Martha E. Steele]
McKee, Jackson County, Kentucy, 5 December 1881
Copped and cropped from Ancestry.com
Baldwin-Steele marriage bond Baldwin-Steele family about 1905
Probably before leaving Kentucky, possibly after arriving in Iowa
Baldwin sisters Almeda Jane Ure (3rd), Ida Mae Wetherall (4th),
Sada Elizabeth Williams (1st), Lydia Margaret Anstine (2nd)
Parents Newton Bascum Baldwin (Baldwin-Howard), Martha Ellen Steele (Steele-Grubb)
Scan by Patricia Flint of original photo in her family collection
(Patricia is a matrilineal great-granddaughter of Meda Baldwin)
  1. Newton B. Baldwin and Martha E. Steele were "bonded" in marriage on 5 December in McKee, Jackston County, Kentucky, and registered the marriage in Jackston County, Kentucky on 15 December 1881. The registration record states that the marriage took place "at the residence of the bride's father" but Ellen Steele's father Jonas Steele died in 1868. "Father" appears to be an error for "brother", most likely "William D. Steele", the first listed witness, followed by his younger brother "John Steele" and others, ending with Newton's older brother "Wm. Baldwin". The "marriage bond" includes spelling errors like "Steel" for "Steele" and "Neuton" for "Newton" among several others.
    Following Bascum's death in 1919, Ellen lived for a while with her daughter and son-in-law Meda and Clifford Ure in St. Maries (1920 census), and later with her daughter Lydia Anstine's family in Nebraska, where she continued to live for a while after Lydia's death in 1929 (1930 census).
  2. Sada Elizabeth was usually "Sadie" was "Sadie E." She married Charles F. Williams around 1903 (1930 census) or 1904 (1910 census). Apparently they had 4 children, of whom 2 -- Faye and Claude -- survived (1910 census).
    Faye M. Williams was born in Iowa on 4 October 1906 and died in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho on 25 November 1995. Claude J. Williams was born in Nebraska on 28 November 1907 and died in November 1977. They and their mother were living with the Baldwin's in St. Maries in 1910 according to that year's census. The Baldwins were living in Spokane in 1908 and 1909.
    Sadie is buried at Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens in Coeur d'Alene, Kootenai County, Idaho.
  3. Lydia or "Lydie" (Liddie) is also reported to have been born on 1 April 1883. The 2 April 1883 date is based on her death certificate. Ida, too, was born on 2 April.
    Lydia married Charles (aka "Charley " and "Chas") Anstine, in Lincoln, Nebraska on 12 February 1908. Charley was a Nebraska farmer she met while the Baldwin family was living in Lincoln (See Table 5.2).
  4. Almeda or "Meda" ("Danny" to some in her family) -- also worked as a telephone operator. She married Clifford Ure, a St. Maries barber, on 15 March 1911. By the 1920 census he was a mailman. She and Clifford or "Cliff" -- like N. Bascum and M. Ellen Baldwin, and like Ida Baldwin Wetherall -- are buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries.
  5. Ida's death certificate states she was born in 1888. The 1900 census states March 1891, and the 1920 census states she was then 36, which implies she was born in 1888-1889. Her 1 June 1910 marriage certificate says she was 20 as of her last birthday, which implies she was born in 1890, and her tombstone says 1890.
    Ida married William Riley Wetherall in Seward, Nebraska, on 1 June 1910. Their wedding portrait is the work of a Seward photographer. Ida's oldest sister Sada Williams was working at a mental asylum in Seward at the time. Her 2nd older sister Lydia Anstine was living with her family on a farm in nearby Utica. And their mother, Ellen Baldwin, made frequent visits to Nebraska to see her grandchildren.
    The circumstances of Ida's life, after her marriage to William Riley Wetherall in 1910 and the birth of William Bascum (later "Bascom") Wetherall in 1911, were tragic (see below).

See Chronology of Baldwin-Steele family through censuses for an overview of the origins of the Baldwin line in the Baldwin-Steele family and a fuller account of the family's movements and life.

See Chronology of Steele-Grubb family through censuses for an account of the Steele-Grubb family.

See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett for a look at the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line of the Baldwin-Steele family with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.

Bosoms trump breasts

Compare the clothing the Baldwin sisters are wearing in the circa 1905 family portrait to the right, and those they are wearing in the circa 1907 portrait below. Sada and Lydia are wearing the same outfits. Ida, too, appears to be wearing the same or very similar blouse and belt. Only Meda's dress is clearly different.

The object of female fashions then -- in the age of virtue and modesty -- seems to have been to exaggerate the bosom rather than accentuate the breasts. A large bosom alludes to fertility and motherhood, while shapely breasts suggest sexuality and womanhood. The body, then, was not only covered -- but layered -- with clothing designed to hide a woman's actual figure -- except her waist, which was cinched as tight as possible.


N.B. and Ellen (Steele) Baldwin (Grandma Baldwin)

N. Bascum Baldwin -- also known as "N. B. Baldwin" but socially as "Bascum" -- married Martha Ellen Steele in Kentucky. The couple eventually settled and built a home in Saint Maries, at the confluence of the St. Joe and St. Maries Rivers, in Idaho. Bascum was known as a "Dealer In General Merchandise".

William B. Wetherall said in 2010 that his maternal grandparents had married and started their family in Kentucky, but later migrated to Saint Maries. He said his grandfather, N. B. Baldwin, had been a merchant and businessman, and at times owned a restaurant, general store, and laundry.

N. B. Baldwin   In his very small collection of Wetherall-Baldwin family detritus was a yellow business card showing the following information. The card has been lost.

N. B. Baldwin
Dealer In General Merchandise
St. Maries, Idaho
St. Maries at confluence of St. Joe and St. Maries Rivers

Judging from the 1880 census, Bascum and Ellen married in their teens as children in neighboring families in Kentucky. All the men in the families were laborers, presumably on farms or in coal mines.

The 1900 census shows them farming in another part of Kentucky with their 4 daughters. The oldest was "Saddy" (17) or "Sally" depending on how one reads the corrected scribble, and the youngest was Ida (9). All 4 of the Baldwin sisters were at school.

Sometime around 1904 or 1905, some of the Baldwin-Steele family members leave Kentucky. N.B. Baldwin appears to be living with Sadie and her husband C. F. Williams in Kansas in 1905 (see 1905 Kansas census below).

By 1907, N.B. and Ellen are resident employees at the insane asylum in Lincoln, Nebraska. He is working as a meat cutter, she as an assistant cook. Lydia was apparently studying at a business college in Lincoln. Meda and Ida were probably also living there. Circa 1906-1907, Lydia married Charles Anstine, a farmer in Utica in Seward County.

By 1908, N.B. and Ellen, and Meda and Ida, had moved to Spokane, Washington, where Ida (and apparently also Meda" attended business colleges, and N.B. and Ellen ran a restaurant. Lydia remained in Nebraska with her new family. In 1909, Meda and Ida are living with their parents in Spokane, Ida still enrolled in a business college, Meda working as a cashier at the restaurant.

By 1910, N.B. and Ellen are running a restaurant and boarding house in St. Maries, Idaho. Meda is living with them while working as a milliner at her own shop.

A photograph probably taken in St. Maries early in 1912, of William B. Wetherall on a boardwalk in St. Maries, shows a restaurant and boarding house that may have belonged to N.B. Baldwin. See Wetherall-Hardman family (Bill and Orene) page for details.

N.B. lived in St. Maries until his death in 1919. The 1920 census shows Ellen living in St. Maries with Meda, Meda's husband Clifford Ure, and their daughter Greta. Lydia underwent surgery for a colostomy in 1927 and died in 1929, and the 1930 census shows Ellen living with Charles Anstine and his and Lydia's daughters on the Anstine farm in Utica. The 1930 census shows Sadie also living and working in Seward. The 1940 census shows Sadie and Ellen living together in St. Maries, where Ellen died in 1943.

So Ellen spent a good part of her life supporting her daughters in their trials and tribulations, both marital and medical. She helped Sadie and her children when Sadie's marriage floundered. She went to Iowa to help Ida deliver William B. Wetherall (my father) in 1911, and then took in my father when Ida was committed to an asylum. She was helped by Meda after N.B. died but reciprocated by helping Meda raise first Greta and later Dale. She helped Lydia in the late 1920s when Lydia had cancer, and remained with Charley and the girls for a while after Lydia died. Her visits with my father in Iowa when he was going to school there during the 1920s inspired him to return to St. Maries, where he lived with Meda's family, but also Ellen and Sadie, during his college years.


Baldwin sisters Baldwin sisters about 1907
Lydia → Meda → Sadie ↓ Ida
Probably taken in Lincoln, Nebraska
(Wetherall Family photo)

Baldwin sisters

William B. Wetherall's mother and aunts

N.B. and Ellen Baldwin had 4 daughters in the span of 7 years from 1883-1890 -- Sadie, Lydia, Meda, and Ida. As adults they led very different lives, and some had hard times.

Sadie lost the first 2 of her 4 children in death in their infancy, separated from her husband while the 2 surviving children were still very young, and raised them alone with occasional help from her mother.

Lydia lost her 1st daughter, and then shortly after the birth of her 4th, she underwent a resection and colostomy operation. Two years later she died, leaving her husband with three daughters, the youngest only 2 years old -- and three years later he also died of cancer.

Meda would live the longest and most stable life of the Baldwin sisters.

Ida would live the shortest and most tragic life. Confined in an asylum about 8 months after her son, William B. Wetherall, my father, was born, she died in confinement 12 years later, probably a victim of what today would be called post-partum depression. In her time, she was just crazy.

Only Lydia and Meda are buried with their husbands. Lydia and Charley Anstine are buried with their eldest daughter, Velma Anstine, in Utica, Nebraska. Meda and Clifford are buried in the Baldwin plot in St. Maries, Idaho, with N. Bascum and M. Ellen Baldwin. Ida Baldwin Wetherall is also buried in the Baldwin plot with her parents and the Ures. Sadie Williams is Coeur dAlene, Idaho.


The portrait to the right was most likely taken in Lincoln, Nebraska, around 1907, which appears to have been the last year the Baldwins and their daughters were living close together. By 1908, N.B. and Ellen, and Ida and apparently also Meda, were in Spokane, while Lydia was in Nebraska, where she had married. Sadie, who married around 1903-1904, had given birth to her Faye -- her 3rd (and 1st surviving) child -- in Iowa in 1906, but Claude -- her 4th (and 2nd surviving) child -- was born in Nebraska in 1907.

The 1910 census shows all the Baldwins except Lydia and Ida -- namely N.B., Ellen, Meda, and Sadie and her 2 children -- living together in St. Maries, Idaho. In 1910, Ida married William R. Wetherall of Iowa in Seward, Nebraska, where Lydia lived, then lived in Iowa, where in 1911 she gave birth to William B. Wetherall. Ellen came to Iowa to be with her when she gave birth, at which time Sadie was in Medical Lake, Washington.


5.1 Williams-Baldwin

Sadie (Baldwin) Williams (Aunt Sadie)

Table 5.1   Sadie (Baldwin) Williams family
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 Ambrose Powell Williams ?
Charles F. Williams ?
Railroad flagman
Railroad fireman
T5 0 Sada Elizabeth (Williams) 1883 1964 80/81 Kentucky Coeur d'Alene ID CDA Memorial Cem ID Nurse
n Unknown child nlt 1905 nlt 1909
n Unknown child nlt 1905 nlt 1909
3 Faye Marguerite (Mathews) (Nelson) (Rebenstorf) 4 Oct 1906 25 Nov 1995 88 Knoxville IA Coeur d'Alene ID CDA Memorial Cem ID Teacher, Accountant
4 Claude Jennings Williams 28 Nov 1907 Nov 1977 69/70 Lincoln NE Spokane WA Carpenter
  1. Sada was generally known as "Sadie" in the family and on most census records. One record shows a corrected name that looks like "Saddy" corrected to "Sally" or the other way around (see below). Her name on some records may have been corrupted as "Sallie" and even "Sara". She was "Sarah" on Claude's Nebraska 1907 birth certificate, according to which his father was "Chas. F. Williams", a Tennessee-born [locomotive] fireman. Sadie seems to have married Charles about 1902. However, a delayed birth certificate issued by the Division of Vital Statistics, Iowa State Department of Health, on 23 March 1942, states that "Faye Marguerite Williams" was born in Knoxville on 4 October 1906 to "Ambrose Powell Williams" and "Sarah E. Williams" ("or Sadie" is printed below Sarah. The application is signed on 19 March 1942 by "Faye Williams Nelson" residing in St. Maries, Idaho. The application was notorized in St. Maries.
    1. Ambrose Powell Williams
    2. Find A Grave contributor Peter Joseph ('PJ') Braun kindly informed me, on 19/20 September 2019, that Sadie Baldwin married Ambrose Powell Williams, in Jackson County, Kentucky, on 18 October 1902. This was a very valuable piece of information for me in that it appears to substantiate the claim made by Faye M. Williams when applying for a delayed birth certificate (see above).
    3. An Ancestry.com record (transcription) shows that "A.P. Williams" married "Sallie Baldwin" in Jackson County, Kentucky, on 18 October 1902.
    4. The 1910 census for the 9th precinct of St. Augustine city, in Saint Johns county, Florida, shows an "Ambrose Williams", male, white, 27, single, born in Tennessee to Tennessee-born parents, as a border employed as a "Flagman" of a "Railroad". This "single" Ambrose Williams, however, may be another person.

    5. The identies of "Ambrose Powell Williams" and "Charles F. Williams" remain unresolved. That "A.P. Williams" might be right for Faye does not mean that "C.F. Williams" is wrong for Claude -- if Sadie divorced A.P. and married C.F. -- i.e., if Sadie and Claude were half-siblings. Both A.P. and C.F. reigned from Tennessee and were railroad men. Were the two men possibly brothers?
    6. I am awaiting confirmation, from a third cousin in Kentucky, of the rumored burial site of a child born to Sadie before the Baldwin family left Kentucky. Other mysteries remain to be solved. Locating earlier
  2. The 1910 census states that Sadie had been married for 6 years and had had 4 children of whom 2 survived, namely Faye and Claude. The identities of her first two children are not known. Presumably they were born before Faye was conceived, hence before 1906. Possibly they were twins.
  3. Faye married L.J. Mathews in February 1934 and in December a daughter, Marilyn, was born. Faye had divorced by the 1940 census. A marriage certificate filed in Missoula County, Montana on 28 October 1944, records a marriage performed in the town of Missoula on 26 October 1944, pursuant to a license issued the same day, between Wisconsin-born "Howard C. Rebenstorf" and Iowa-born "Faye M. Nelson" (mother Sadie E. Baldwin, father A. P. Williams). Rebenstorf informally adopted Faye's daughter Marilin A. Matthews, but Marilin remained legally Matthews to the day she married Norman K. Disrud (see below). Faye also went by "Faye Marjorie Williams" (apprently on a Social Security document dated December 1936). Faye was "Fay M. [sic] Williams" (single) on the 1910 census for St. Maries, Idaho, and the 1930 census for Lincoln, Nebraska, and "Faye Mathews" (divorced) on the 1940 census for Spokane, Washington.
  4. Claude Jennings was usually just Claude or "Claude J." Williams. He appears to have never married (according to Darci Severns).
Sadie Williams as Nurse Sadie Williams as nurse (left), circa 1910s-1920s
(Wetherall Family photo)

WBW could not recall where or when this picture was taken
and did not recognize the woman on the right.
He said Sadie had once worked at a home for unwed mothers
and might have been its director.
She was, in fact, the head nurse at such a home
in Seward, Nebraska, according to 1930 census.

Sadie Williams Sadie Williams
Place and date unknown
(Severns Family photo)

Sadie may have posed for these mugshots at a photo booth
in a Greyhound terminal during one of her trips.
Wanted: Sadie Williams.
"Nurse, mother, fearless traveler.
Don't mess with her on a bus.
If you're lucky enough to sit with her, though,
she'll tear off both of your ears with
amazing tales of adventure and survival."

Sadie's husband and children

Sadie's marriage, motherhood, separation, and divorce are shrouded in mystery. She had 4 children, of whom 2 -- Faye and Claude -- survived. Both Faye and Claude were slightly older than Sadie's nephew, this writer's father William Bascom Wetherall, who partly grew up with his aunt and 1st cousins in the Baldwin household in St. Maries until he was about 6 years old. Sadie and her children -- especially Faye -- remained close to Bill and his family throughout their lives.

1900 census shows Sadie as "Saddy" or "Sally" (17) [sic = Sadie, Sada] living in Kentucky as the oldest daughter of "N.B." or "B." Baldwin (38), who is engaged in farming, and Ellen (36). Her younger sisters -- Liddie [sic = Lydie, Lydia] (14), "Almedie" ["Medie"?] [sic = Medie, Meda] (11), and Ida (9) -- are also listed. The census states that everyone in the family was born in Kentucky, Sadie in March 1883, her father in December 1861. Sadie is single and at school.

1903-1904   Time frame for Sadie's marriage to Charles Williams.

The 1910 census states that Sadie had been married for 6 years, which suggests she married in 1904. The 1930 census states she was 19 when she married, which suggests 1903.

1904-1905, 1908-1909   Time frames for Sadie to have lost 2 of her 4 children.

The 1910 census states that Sadie had had 4 children, of whom 2 -- Faye and Claude -- survived. Presumably the deceased children were born in 1904-1905 before Faye (1906), and/or after Claude (1907) in 1908-1909. Faye and Claude are too closely spaced to consider the birth of any children between them. The lost children may have been twins.

1905   See 1905 Kansas census below, which Sally [Sadie?] Williams (22), living with C.F. Williams (28) and Oscar Williams (6), in a household that includes N.B. Baldwin (44).

1906   Sadie gave birth to Faye on 4 October 1906 in Iowa. Faye's obituary states she was born in Knoxville, Iowa.

1907   Sadie gave birth to Claude on 28 Nov 1907 in Nebraska. Claude's birth certificate states he was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, to "Chas. F. Williams", a [locomotive] fireman, and "Sarah Elizabeth Baldwin".

The 1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows Williams Charles F fireman C B & Q res 720 Q. Williams is apparently a locomotive fireman for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. The same directory shows Lydia Baldwin living at the same 720 Q address, which suggests that Sadie and Faye are also living there. Charles Anstine, who Lydia would soon marry, is living practically next door, on the same street, and is also working as a fireman for C B & Q.

The 1909 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows Williams Charles F fireman C B & Q res 1113 Q. Williams, still working for the railroad, has moved. Lydia Baldwin and Charles Anstine are no longer listed in the directory.

The 1910 census shows Sadie E. Williams (26) living with her Baldwin parents and second younger sister Meda (21) in St. Maries, Idaho, and her children Faye M. Williams (3) and Claude J. Williams (2). The census states that she had been married for 6 years, and had had 4 children, of whom 2 survived. This implies that she had married about 1904, and that Faye was born in 1906-1907 [actually 1906] and Claude in 1907-1908 [actually 1907]. Newton B. was born in Virginia, his father in Tennessee, his mother in Virginia. Ellen was born in Kentucky, her parents in North Carolina. Meda and Sadie were born in Kentucky. Faye was born in Iowa, and Claude in Nebraska, their father in Tennessee.

1920 census   I have not found Sadie, Faye, or Claude in the 1920 census. However, stories conveyed to me by Darci Severns, a great granddaughter of Lydia Anstaine, Sadie's sister, who lived in Utica in Seward County, Nebraska, suggest that Sadie was working as a nurse in Nebraska around that time.

Stories handed down by Lydia and Charley Anstine's descendants, through their daughters Lennie and Aura, suggest that Sadie, Faye, and Claude were living in Seward, Nebraska in the late 1910s and early 1920s. Darci Severns reports hearing from her grandmother, Lennie, that her (Lennie's) mother's (Lydia's) sister (Sadie) was a nurse and had seen the appendix removed from that her (Lennie's) older sister Velma, who died in 1919 from an infection. This would put Sadie in Seward in 1919, and Faye and Claude, then in their mid teens, would have been with her. See Darci's full account about Velma's death in "Anstine sisters" below.

The 1930 census shows Sadie (46), divorced, born in Kentucky, father in Virginia, mother in Kentucky, residing and working at the Nebraska Industrial House, a home for unwed mothers in "P" township in Seward County, Nebraska, as its resident nurse. She is said to have been 19 when she married, which implies that she married about 1903 (1910 census states she had been married for 6 years, which implies she married around 1904). Fay [sic = Faye] M. Williams (23), single, born in Iowa, father in Virginia, mother in Kentucky, is a teacher at a school (Temple) in Lincoln, Nebraska. I have not found Claude in the 1930 census.

The 1940 census shows Sadie Williams (57), head, and Ellen Baldwin (76), mother, living together at the Baldwin home in St. Maries. Both are said to be widowed and Kentucky born. The education box shows Sadie with 2 years of college and Ellen with 8 years of grade school. Sadie was living in Spokane, Washington on 1 April 1935, but Ellen was living in the same home. At the time of the 1940 census, Faye Mathews (33), divorced, no children, 2 years of college, born in Iowa, was working as a bookkeeper in Spokane, Washington, and she was living at the same place on 1 April 1935. Claude J. Williams (32), single, 2 years of college, Nebraska born, was working as a carpenter in building construction in Spokane, Washington, was he too was living at the same place in 1935.

Sadie's old Kentucky home

September, 1947. Ellen Baldwin has joined Bascum Baldwin in Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries for nearly five years. Among their 4 daughters, only Sadie Williams, going on 64, and Meda Ure, then 58, survive them.

Sadie's own children have grown up and are approaching middle age. Her daughter Faye, 40, has remarried and her granddaughter, Marilyn, 12, now has a father. The war is over and her son, Claude Williams, 39, still single, is out of the Navy and working.

Sadie has an itch to see her childhood home in Kentucky. And on the way she'll pass through Nebraska and Iowa, where she had lived for a qhile after leaving Kentucky when she was 20. On her back to Idaho, she'll swing through San Francisco to visit her nephew, William Bascom Wetherall, and his family. Hopefully Meda will come down from Washington to join them.

In Des Moines, Iowa, where William B. Wetherall went to high school, Sadie buys several postcards of city landmarks. She sends 4 cards to "1922 24th Ave / San Francisco 16 / Calif." -- in 2 batches about 10 days apart -- the 1st from Des Moines, the 2nd from Kentucky -- and twice spells Wetherall "Weatherall".

The plot thickens with each card.

Uncle Clay's southern hospitality
"I came 3 days ago and 2 chickens have died"
Southern Hospitality Southern Hospitality
Des Moines, Iowa, 10 Sep 1947, 8:30 PM Annville, KY, 22 Sep 1947, A.M.
Card 1
Des Moines River,
Des Moines, Iowa

W.B. Weatherall
6 pm, Wed, Sept. 10
Dear Bill & Bug & Babies
Have you been over
this bridge Bill?
Just had dinner
here and my bus
will leave at 630
Be in Bloomington Ill
at 1155 tomorrow
     Love Auntie
Card 2
Roosevelt High School,
Des Moines, Iowa

Wm. B. Wetherall
No time to
write more
Card 3
Lincoln High School,
Des Moines, Iowa

W.B. Weatherall
Don't know if these
cards I picked up in
Des Moines will ring
a bell in your memory
or not. Didn't have
time to get them all
out in Des Moines.
I expect to be in
S.F. in two weeks.
Will try to write you
when I leave here.
I wanted Meda to meet
me there but don't know
if she will.
     Love Sadie
Card 4
Iowa State Capitol Building,
Des Moines, Iowa

Mr. & Mrs. W.B. Wetherall
Sunday am
Sept. 21, '47
Just seen a chicken die
and Uncle Clay is in the
sweet potato patch which
means fried chicken and sweet
potatoes for dinner with the
usual hot biscuts.
I came to uncle's three
days ago and two chickens
have died. I don't want a
fuss made over me but
the southern hospitality
of my childhood hasn't
changed. I know I
won't have time to see
all that I want to see
Haven't seen the old home
place yet but will do that
this week.
     Love Sadie


Henry Clay Baldwin Henry Clay Baldwin
With laundry, circa 1947-1948
(C.W. Baldwin Family photo)
Henry Clay and Linda Baldwin Henry Clay and Linda Baldwin
With Linda in yard, circa 1947-1948
(C.W. Baldwin Family photo)

C.W. Baldwin, who provided the above scans of photographs in his family collection, is a 3rd cousin of this writer and his siblings. We have crossed paths on Ancestor.com, but have met only through email, in which he related to me the following story behind the photographs (24 January 2014).

The attached pictures were taken around 1947-1948 by my mother during a visit to meet Henry Clay & Linda Baldwin. So it would have been around the time frame that Sadie Williams made her visit. However, I asked my mother if she remembered the name Sadie Williams and she said she did not.

I would guess that Henry Clay and Linda -- with the many children and grandchildren and even great grandchildren they had by that time -- to say nothing of their surviving siblings and cousins, and nephews and nieces -- were busy showing their "southern hospitality" to lots of relatives paying their respects to the grand old former representative and his wife. Barring a massive Kentucky reunion, very few members of the extended and far-flung Baldwin-Howard family would have had an opportunity to meet. And few would not have heard or known much, if anything, about descendants of collateral families.

C.W. Baldwin's great grandfather Henry Clay Baldwin (1867-1950), and my great grandfather Newton Bascum Baldwin (1862-1919), were brothers -- sons of our common great great grandparents, John R. Baldwin (1829–1909) and Margaret Howard (1835–1912) -- who of course knew each other. His paternal grandfather, Dewey Herbert Baldwin (1899-1980), and my paternal grandmother, Ida Mae (Baldwin) Wetherall (1890-1923), were 1st cousins, who probably met as very young children in Pond Creek, Kentucky, before Ida's Baldwin-Steele family headed west around 1904. Our fathers, Orville Richard Baldwin (1925-2000), and William Bascom Wetherall (1911-2013), were 2nd cousins, but they would have had no reason to meet, or even to know of each other's existence.

Uncle Clay

Henry Clay Baldwin (1867-1950)

"Uncle Clay" and his wife Linda would both die three years after Sadie's visit.

Uncle Clay was a younger brother of Sadie's father, N. Bascum Baldwin. Both were sons of John R. Baldwin and Margaret Howard (see below).

Clay was born Henry Clay Baldwin on 5 November 1867 in Laurel County, Kentucky. His namesake appears to have been Henry Clay (1777-1852), who served Kentucky in both congressional houses in Washington for over nearly 40 years. Henry Clay was Speaker of the House of Representatives for three terms, and was President John Quincy Adams's Secretary of State (1825-1829), after which he himself ran for president three times (1824, 1832, 1844) but lost.

He married Malinda "Linda" ("Lindy") H. Abrams around 1898, according to the 1900 census, which says they had been married 2 years. Accordingly, they seem to have married when he was about 31 (1930 census says 29) and she about 18 (1940 census says 17). This and later censuses show that they had at least 8 children. Apparently they also had and lost 2 children between these censuses.

Though a farmer all his life, H. Clay Baldwin, like his namesake, was also a politician, and served as a representative in Kentucky's State House of Representative (see the "Baldwin-Howard gallery" below).

H.C. Baldwin, as he was also known, died in Annville, Jackson County, on 7 March 1950, of a heart attack. Linda, who was born on 18 August 1880, died on 16 May 1950, just 10 weeks later, from cancer. Both are buried at Medlock Cemetery in Annville.

Slaughtering chickens

When I was growing up in San Francisco, most of the food I ate came out of neighborhood grocery stores and butcher shops. In earlier years, milk was delivered to our door in glass bottles. Chickens were bought headless, even feetless, dressed and plucked (thus actually undressed), and eggs came in gray pulp paper cartons. Though San Francisco prides itself on fresh fish, many were sold headless and icy.

If you went to Fisherman's Wharf, the crabs might be moving a bit, and some shellfish might also still be quick, but practically everything else was still and dead. In Chinatown, you saw tanks and cages full of live fish, chickens and ducks, a turtle or two, and other critters, destined for dinner plates in local homes and restaurants. Tourists unfamiliar with Chinese markets might have thought they were in an aquarium or zoo, but local people knew.

I learned how to clean a fish when five or six years old. I went trout fishing with a family in the neighborhood whose daughter was born a day before me in the same hospital. Our mothers had been in neighboring beds in maturnity ward. We fashioned poles from limbs and baited hooks with salmon eggs. I can't recall how much thought I gave to the fact that, to eat a fish, you had to catch it. Lure it, hook it, pull it from the water. Let it suffocate, then behead it and gut it.

About the same age, when visiting my maternal grandparents in Peck, Idaho, I witnessed my grandfather, Owen, kill a chicken. The Hardmans kept a number of hens and roosters in a pen behind their home on a lot that included a small field, barn, and outhouse. Owen cornered a rooster it seems he had named and lopped off its head. I particularly recall helping my grandmother and mother pluck its feathers. They talked while they plucked, and they fussed over the smaller feathers, which didn't come out easily and took a lot of time and patience.

I can't remember eating the chicken or how they cooked it. But I remember frying and eating the eggs we collected in the morning before breakfast. I remember the thrill of finding the eggs, some naturally brown, a few soiled by chicken poop. I never looked at clean, white, sized and sanitized store-bought eggs the same way.

The Hardmans, by then, had no cows. Their milk came directly from the dairy behind the small grocery store at the bottom of the hill, which bottled most of the milk produced on Peck's small farms. Farmers brought their raw milk to the dairy in steel cans, and the milk was run through a cream separator, pasteurizer, and homogenizer. The dairy was operated by the family that owned the store and lived in the adjoining home. They also had butter and ice cream churners.

I always associated eating in Idaho with "real butter" as opposed to the stuff we called "butter" in San Francisco. My mother used real butter only when baking, and on special occasions such as Thanksgiving, when there were usually guests for dinner. Otherwise, "butter" in our family referred to imitation butter. Some American butter producers had objected to the selling of white oleomargarine colored to look like butter, so the United States had passed a law forbidding the selling of yellow margarine. My earlier childhood memories include helping my mother mix the packet of powdered food coloring that came with margarine. During the 1950s, the laws were changed to permit manufacturers to color margarine, and the margarine-butter wars resumed. But no matter how much margarine makers tried to make their products taste like the real thing, "real butter" remained a real treat in the Wetherall-Hardman family.

Bus travel

Sadie made her pilgrimage back to Kentucky in the days when people thought nothing of busing around the country. Greyhound and other lines had thriving stations in all major cities and towns, and numerous stops between. The milk runs, and even some long-distance buses, would stop to pick you up or let you off at unscheduled places along their routes.

From about the 1970s, bus service began to both decline and deteriorate, as more freeways were built and more people owned and drove higher quality automobiles, and as air travel became faster, more convenient, and even cheaper, through airports with long-term parking facilities and rental car agencies. Many Greyhound stations became endangered species in the older parts of large cities, which were left to the poor when those with more means moved to newer urban neighborhoods or the suburbs.


5.2 Anstine-Baldwin

Lydia (Baldwin) Anstine (Aunt Lydie) and Charley Anstine (Uncle Charley)

Table 5.2   Charles and Lydia (Baldwin) Anstine family
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 Charles Andrew Anstine 27 Dec 1883 12 Nov 1932 48 Seward Co NE Seward Co NE Utica NE Farmer
T5 0 Lydia Margaret (Baldwin) 2 Apr 1886 31 Aug 1929 43 Annville Jackson KY Seward Co NE Utica NE Farm wife
1 Velma Marie Anstine 30 Nov 1908 27 Mar 1919 10 Seward Co NE Seward Co NE Utica NE
2 Lennie Lee (Severns) 9 Apr 1910 24 Sep 1997 87 Seward Co NE Centralia WA Claquato Cem WA Teacher
3 Aura Ellen (Dey) 2 Feb 1912 4 Jan 1985 62 Seward Co NE Riverside CA Teacher
4 Imogene Joyce (LeBaron) 5 Sep 1926 11 Sep 2005 79 Seward Co NE Federal Way WA WA
  1. Lydia ("Lydie") and Charles ("Charley" aka "Chas") married in Lincoln, Nebraska on 12 February 1908.
    Some reports say Lydia was born on 1 April. The 2 April date is based on her death certificate. Her youngest sister Ida was also born on 2 April.
    1. Lydia reportedly suffered from a long illness. Her death certificate lists the causes of death as "Carcinoma Liver / Secondary to carcinoma of sigmoid flex colon" and states that she had had a "Colostomy & resection" in 1927. Her funeral was conducted by Rev. Miller of Milford, which is about 12 miles south of Seward. She is buried at Utica Cemetery, about 14 miles west of Seward. The Anstine farm was at Utica.
    2. Charles died of stomach cancer. A home funeral was conducted by Rev. Miller of Milford. He was buried at Utica Cemetery with Lydia and Velma. His death certificate, signed by the same physician who attended Lydia, stated the cause of death as "Carcinoma Stomach" and noted that a "Gastroenterostomy" operation had been performed in February 1932, or 9 months before his death on 12 November 1932. Other particulars show that he was born on 27 December 1883 to "R.D. Anstine" of Macomb, Illinois, and "Helen Clites" of Pennsylvania. He was described as a white, widowed man who had been the husband of "Lydia Margaret". The informant was Archie Severns of Seward, Nebraska, Rt. 4.
  2. Velma was 10 when she died in 1919. She was "Thelma Anstine" on her death certifiate, but is "Velma" in all known family accounts, and apparently she is "Velma" on her headstone in Utica Cemetary.
  3. Lennie was 19 when her mother died, at which time Imogene, who was 2 or 3 at the time, became "mine" to raise as she writes in an autobiographical account of her life (see below).
    Lennie attended the University of Nebraska, became a teacher, and taught in a one-room school for three years.
    In 1931, a year before her father's death, Lennie married William Archie Severns, who she had met in high school. Archie was also from Utica, and their two children, a son Tex Lee (1934) and a daughter Billie Rae (1936), were born in Utica.
    Archie ran the Anstine farm after Charley died in 1932. They took Imogene with them when they moved to Washington in 1937.
    The 1940 census shows them living in Skookumchuck in Lewis County. William A. is 33, Lennie is 30, Tex Lee is 6, Billie Rae is 3, and Imogene Anstine -- described as the head's sister-in-law -- is 13. William A. and Lennie had finished 4 years of high school (H-4) and Imogene had finished 1 year (H-1). William A. is the owner of a general store and Lennie as a store helper.
    Archie, born 12 November 1906, died 2 January 1991 in Centralia. Lennie died 6 years later, also in Centralia. Both are buried at Claquato Cemetery in Chehalis, also in Lewis County, Washington.
  4. Aura married George M. Dey, who was also from Seward County, Nebraska.
    For a while in the 1930s, they lived in Goehner, a tiny town in Seward County near Utica (Darci Severns, email, 18 December 2013). Aura and George were living in Utica, Nebraska in 1940, in Idaho (probably in Coeur d'Alene) by 1942, in Coeur d'Alene in the late 1940s, and in Spokane by the mid 1950s. They spent some time in Riverside, California, where Aura died in 1985, but their permanent address was in Spokane, where George reportedly died. Both Aura and George are said to have been cremated.
    1. Aura's grand niece, Darci Severns, related to me that "George Dey, blind in 1987, rode a Greyhound bus alone from Spokane to Seattle to deliver to me her wedding ring on my high school graduation" pursuant to Aura's will. Darci added that she has worn the ring ever since. (Email, 23 October 2013)
  5. Imogene or "Imie" was raised by her grandmother Ellen Baldwin after Lydia's death in 1929.
    The 1930 census shows Ellen living with the Anstine family. Most likely she had been living there during Lydia's bout with cancer.
    The 1930 census shows Sadie Williams also living in Seward, at the Nebraska Industrial Home for unwed mothers, where she was the resident nurse.
    Lennie also helped raise Imogene after her mother's death, and raised her as part of her own family after their father died in 1932.
    Imogene graduated from Centralia High School, in Centralia, Lewis County, Washington, in 1943. On 3 March 1945, she married Keith Roger LeBaron of Centralia. The "Marriage Return" states that the marriage license was issued on 2 March 1945. It describes Imogene as 18, "White" and a "Spinster". Roger is 19, "White", and a "Bachelor". She was an "O.P.A. [Office of Price Administration] Clerk" and he was a "meat Cutter".
    The LeBarons lived in Centralia until at least the late 1940s, in Seattle from no later than the mid 1950s. Around 1990, they spent some time in Hemet, Riverside County, California. In the mid 1990s they were living in Federal Way, King County, Washington, where Imogene passed away. Keith, born on 2 May 1925, died on 21 July 2011 in Seattle.
    The LeBarons had two daughters, Sherrie and Deborah. Sherrie Kae was born on 22 April 1946 in Centralia. She married a man named Wene and died in Seattle on 15 August 1988. Deborah "Debbie" Anne was in 1949. She married Tacoma-born Gorden Matthew Hearst in Seattle on 10 August 1968 (license 5 August 1969). Sherrie K. Wene was one of the witnesses.

German-French migration of Anstine line

Charles Anstine was the 4th of 10 children and the 3rd of 7 sons of Douglas Richard [or Richard Douglas] Anstine and Helen Belle Clites. His father, born on 1 April 1857 in Industry, Illinois, and his mother, born on 24 June 1852 in Tipton County, Pennsylvania, married on 25 December 1877 in Emmerson, Mills County, Iowa.

Charles's parents died in Seward County, Nebraska, within a few years after his death, his mother on 15 April 1937, his father on 29 January 1939. Richard D. and Helen B. Anstine share a common headstone in Utica Cemetery in Utica in Seward County, Nebraska.

Charles was a 5th-generation descendant of Sigesmund (Simon) Anstein (counted as the 1st generation) through Simon's 1st wife, Dorothy Anstine (maiden name uncertain), who he married in 1787. Simon was born on 4 November 1763 in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, and died on 22 February 1849 in York County, Pennsylvania, Simon himself was a 5th-generation descendant of Nicholaus Anstein (counted as the 1st generation), who born between 1630–1640 in Germany, and Anna Barbara Buerg.

Charles thus represents the 4th generation of his line to be born in North America after Simon Anstein's migration to Pennsylvania from France, and the 8th generation in succession from Nicholaus Anstein, the line's known German progenitor (counted as the 0th generation).

One of Nicholaus Anstein's sons, Johann Michael Anstein (1663-1746), migrated to France in the late 17th century and married Catherine Bürger. Simon's paternal grandfather Johannes Anstein (1706-1789), and his father Johan Jürg Anstein (1735-1799), were born and raised in France. His father migrated from France to Pennsylvania in 1751 and sired as many as 13 children, including 8 sons, from whom several lines of Ansteins branced as Anstines, Enstines, and Onstines. Simon was Johann's and Catherine's 8th child and 5th son.

Source: Anstine / Enstine / Onstine Family [www.anstinefamily.com], "Outline Descendant Report for Nicholaus Anstein", 2012, 4 pages.

Anstine migration to Seward, Nebraska

Nebraska -- especially Seward County -- is full of Anstines. Charles Anstine's parents moved to Seward County, Nebraksa, from Mills County, Iowa, between 1881-1883. Charles's two older brothers and possibly his older sister were born in Iowa. He was thus the 1st or 2nd of Richard's and Helen's children to be born in Nebraska.

Uncle Seth and Aunt Maude

Charles's 2nd younger brother, Seth Richard Anstine, and his wife Maude, were known as "Uncle Seth and Aunt Maude" to the Anstine sisters. Seth, born on 3 May 1888 in Seward, Seward County, Nebraska, married Ethel Maude Hackworth (b1888), his 2nd wife (his 1st wife was Maude McGrew), on 22 December 1909 in Seward County. Seth stated on his 5 June 1917 World War draft Registration Card that he was a self-employed blacksmith in Stablehurst in Seward County and sufferred from deafness in his left ear. Maude died in 1954, Seth on 6 July 1973, and they share the same headstone in Seward Cemetery. Apparently they had no children.

Sources: (1) Darci Severns, (2) Anstine / Enstine / Onstine Family [www.anstinefamily.com], "Outline Descendant Report for Sigesmund (Simon) Anstein", 2012, pages 2-7 of 38 pages, (3) and Ancestor.com.


How Lydia Baldwin met Charles Anstine

Marriages, even when arranged, begin with a boy-meet-girl encounter. Where and why Lydia Baldwin met Charles Anstine can be conjectured from the few footprints they left in the 1908 Lincoln, Nebraska city directory.

Lennie Severns, Lydia's and Charley's 2nd daughter, began her family saga, published in 1985 (see below), with this recollection of how her parents met.

My parents [Lydia Baldwin and Charley Anstine] met in Lincoln [Nebraska] when both were rooming at mom's sister's [Sadie (Baldwin) Williams] home. Daddy was a railroad engineer and mom was attending [Lincoln] Business College. Their courtship was brief. The Baldwin family was moving to Spokane, Washington, and refused to let mother stay there because she was not married, even though [in 1907-1908] she was 21 years old. My, how times have changed!"

Lennie's story, like other such stories, was based on what she heard over the years, perhaps in part from her parents while they were alive, and probably in part from Aunt Sadie, if not also from Aunt Meda and even Grandma Baldwin, after her Lydia and Charles passed away. Most such stories are inevitably mixtures of fact and fiction, the products of selective and possibly faulty memory, romantic imagination, and other agents of alteration and embellishment that change or distort a story each time it is told.

1907-1910 Lincoln Nebraska directories

Like most such stories, however, Lennie's account of how her parents met is probably essentially true. As it turns out, her account is on the whole substantiated by listings in the Lincoln Nebraska Directory, Compiled and Printed by Jacob North & Company, Printers and Binders, Lincoln, Nebraska.

The 1907 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows "Ellen Baldwin" and "Neuton B. Baldwin" [sic = Newton] both working and residing at the "Asylum" -- referring to the Nebraska Hospital for the Insane (see details below).

Charles Anstine, about 24 in 1907, is not listed, presumably because he is working elsewhere.

Lydia Baldwin, then around 21, is not listed, supposedly because she and her sisters -- Meda 19 and Ida 17 -- are living either with their parents at the insane asylum, or with their sister Sadie Williams and her husband, Charles, in Iowa.

Charles Williams is not listed because, in 1906, when the 1907 directory was compiled, he and Sadie were living in Iowa. Sadie gave birth to Faye Williams in Knoxville, Iowa, on 4 October 1906.

By 1907, when the 1908 directory was compiled, Charles Williams, and Sadie and Faye, are living in Nebraska. Sadie gave birth to Claude in Lincoln, Nebraska, on 28 November 1907.

Lincoln Business College The Home of the Lincoln Business College, Lincoln, Neb.
Postmarked LINCOLN, NEB. / AUG 21 / 730 PM / 1909
4th floor, Oliver Theatre Building
SW corner 13th and P streets
(Yosha Bunko collection)

Locomotive firemen

The fireman on a steam locomotive shoveled or stoked coal into the firebox of the boiler, made sure the coal was properly distributed and burning and that there was enough water in the boiler, and otherwise kept the boiler at an optimum level of power. The engineer controlled the locomotive by throttling and braking the engine, and the fireman assisted the engineer, who gave orders, in other aspects of operating the locomotive, signalling, and keeping an eye on the track ahead. The fireman's job was dirty, hot, even dangerous, and required more brawn than brain. But a fireman needed to know how to keep a boiler safely fired up, and engineers generally apprenticed as firemen in order to master these skills. Many young men who became firemen aspired to be engineers, who had more status and better pay.

The 1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows the following three listings.

1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory

Anstine Charles, fireman C B & Q, res 726 Q
Baldwin Lydia, stu Lin Bus Col, res 720 Q
Williams Charles F, fireman C B & Q, res 720 Q

The 1907 directory (but not the 1906 or 1908 directories) lists the following boarding houses in the classified business directory section. This would have been the edition available to people looking for accommodations in late 1906 or early 1907.

1907 Lincoln Nebraska Directory
Classified Business Directory
Boarding Houses

Cook William C, 720 Q
Culp Stacy, 726 Q

Charles Anstine, about 25 in 1908, is a locomotive fireman for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. He is residing at a boarding house a block away from the passenger depot.

Charles F. Williams, also a fireman for C B & Q, is residing at a boarding house right next door. Presumably, Sadie Williams and their infant children, Faye and Claude, are also living there.

Lydia Baldwin, then around 22, is living at the same boarding house as Charles F. Williams. She is attending Lincoln Business College, about 5 blocks directly east of the boarding house.

N.B. and Ellen Baldwin are not listed because they have moved to Spokane with Meda and Ida. Apparently they have left Lydia with Sadie.

The 1908 Spokane Washington Directory shows N.B. and Ellen Baldwin, and Ida and apparently also Meda, living and studying there. So presumably they left Lincoln sometime in 1907 -- and Lydia remained with Charles and Sadie Williams, who had come to Lincoln, Nebraska from Knoxville, Iowa, after Sadie gave birth to Faye in 1906.

The 1909 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows the following listing.

1909 Lincoln Nebraska Directory

Williams Charles F. fireman C B & Q res 1113 P

Presumably Sadie and the children are living with him at what appear to be better accommodations. The address is found in the "Furnished Rooms and Lodgings" section of the classified pages of the 1908 directory, which shows Kynett Mrs Agnes, 1113 P as the landlady.

Charles F. Williams is not listed in the 1910 directory. The 1910 census shows Sadie and the children -- but not Charles -- living in St. Maries, Idaho, with the Baldwins and Meda.

720 Q Street boarding house

The neighborhood immediately around Lincoln station had many hotels, boarding houses, eateries, bars, and other such accommodations for railroad hands and people in transit. The blocks to the east of the station, south of the college campus, had many vocation schools and more hotels, boarding houses, and furnished rooms and lodgings for students and others in need of places to live.

Q Street runs parallel to R Street, which originally marked the southern boundary of the University of Nebraska Campus (today parts of the campus extend as far as Q street).

The 700 block of Q Street is in today's "Historic Hay Market" area a couple of blocks southwest of the university. The block is immediately north of the Lincoln Station Building, formerly the passenger depot of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, on 7th between P and Q streets.

Lincoln Business College was in the Oliver Theatre Building on the southwest corner of 13th and P streets, about 5 blocks directly east of 720 Q and the station.

Editing Lennie's story

Lennie Severns's story of how her parents met turns out to be essentially true. It is difficult to verify such stories, after the passage of so much time, when the principals have long gone, and even those who heard them from the lips of primary witnesses have passed away.

"Fact checking" is limited to available independent sources of information. The 1908 Lincoln Nebraska Directory is hardly an infallible source, but it sheds new light on a number of details in Lennie's account.

The 1908 directory, compiled in 1907 and probably published late that year, reflects 1907 circumstances. We know from other sources that Charles Anstine and Lydia Baldwin married on 12 February 1908, and that Velma, their 1st daughter, was born on 30 November 1908 in Seward County, Nebraska.

We also know a bit about the lay of the land -- the geography of Lincoln at the time they were living there -- where they lived in relation to where they worked or sent to school. We also know more from the city directory than we do from Lennie's account about the nature of Charley Anstines relationship with the Williams and Baldwin families and their residential arrangements.

Based on everything we can conjecture about Lydia's circumstances in 1907, Lennie's story could be edited like this.

My parents, Lydia Baldwin and Charley Anstine, met in Lincoln, Nebraska, when Lydia was rooming with mom's sister, Sadie Williams, and her husband, Charles Williams, and their two infant children, Faye and Claude, at a boarding house in a rather wild part of town near the train station. Daddy, who was rooming at a boarding house next door, and Sadie's husband, Charles, both worked as firemen for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, and mom was attending Lincoln Business College a few blocks away. Their courtship was brief. The Baldwin family was moving to Spokane, Washington, and refused to let mother stay there because she was not married, even though she was 21 years old. My, how times have changed!"

In 1912 and 1913, just 5 five years after Lydia and the Williams family left the boarding house, 720 Q Street became the stage for a number of incidents involving prostitution, disturbing the public, and assault. The following articles, clipped from the Lincoln Daily News, speak for themselves.

720 Q Street, Lincoln, Nebraska

Five years after Sadie Williams and Lydia Baldwin lived there

Lincoln Daily News
Saturday, July 27, 1912
Page 3

Lincoln Daily News 1912-07-27

Lincoln Daily News
Thursday, August 22, 1912
Page 8

Lincoln Daily News 1912-08-22 Lincoln Daily News 1912-08-22

Lincoln Daily News
Tuesday, July 22, 1913
Page 6

Lincoln Daily News 1913-07-06

The writing represents a very high quality of courtroom reportage, in the days when journalists learned how to write without the constraints that regulate news style today. Most newspaper editors today would probably insist that parts of these article be recast in a drier, more mechanical style, and reflect present-day standards of "political correctness" regarding the treatment of race. Only the tabloids would possibly tolerate, if not encourage, the dramatic affect that yesteryear's writers regarded as essential to a good story.


5.3 Ure-Baldwin

Meda (Baldwin) (Aunt Meda) and Clifford Ure

Table 5.3   Clifford and Meda (Baldwin) Ure family
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 Clifford Melvin Ure 1887 3 Jul 1953 65/66 Iowa Spokane WA Woodlawn Cem ID Postman
T5 0 Almeda Jane (Baldwin) 12 Dec 1888 Nov 1971 82 Kentucky Spokane WA Woodlawn Cem ID Milliner
1 Greta Ava (Lemmer) 15 Jul 1912 9 Oct 1999 87 St. Maries ID Spokane WA Hope Cem East Hope ID Office clerk
2 Herbert Dale 22 Dec 1928 3 Jul 2004 75 St. Maries ID Spokane WA Advertising

Galleries of Kentucky homes, many photos of Ellen, Sadie and Faye and Claude, Lydia and her children, and others forthcoming.

  1. C.M. Ure, 24, a barber, and Meda Baldwin, 22, no occupation given, married in Spokane, Washington, on 15 March 1911.
    Clifford was born in Iowa to John Ure, born in Illinois, and Adella Miller, born in Iowa.
    Meda was born in Kentucky to N.B. Baldwin, born in Virginia, and Ellen Steele, born in Kentucky.
  2. Greta Ava is "Greta A." on both the 1920 and 1930 censuses. Her 1st cousin, William B. Wetherall, called her simply "Greta". She married William Harlan Lemmer, and they had 2 children, a son Harlan Eugene or "Gene", and a daughter Lois. William Harlan, born on 13 September 1904, passed away in Spokane on 1 May 1985, and they are buried together in Hope Cemetery in East Hope, Idaho, where they had a summer home.
  3. Herbert Dale is "Dale H." on 1930 and "Herbert D." on 1940 censuses. However, he was generally called just "Dale" or "H. Dale". He married Carol Louise Trappe and they had 4 children. Carol died on died 9 April 2010, apparently also in Spokane. See Dale's and Carol's obituaries below.

The 1908 city directory for Spokane, Washington shows a "Madge Baldwin" boarding at the same address with "Ida M. Baldwin" while attending North West Business College. "Newton B. Baldwin" is shown running a restaurant. The 1909 Spokane directory shows both "Meda Baldwin" and "Ida M. Baldwin" living at the same address as "Newton B. Baldwin". Ida is attending Blair Business College and Meda is a cashier at a restaurant, presumably her father's, which is next door to their residence.

The 1910 census shows Meda living with her parents in St. Maries, Kootenai County, Idaho and working as a milliner at her own shop. She is still single. Clifford Ure is living by himself in Fernwood, Kootenai and working as a barber at his own shop.

The 1911 St. Maries directory shows Clifford Ure, a barber, and Meda Ure, an operator for the Interstate Telephone Company, at the same address.

The 1916-1917 directory shows Clifford Ure working for Ure and Lawing, possibly a barbershop.

The 1920, 1930, and 1940 censuses shows Clifford Ure working as a mail carrier in St. Maries. By 1945, however, he and Meda were residing in Spokane, Washington. The 1945 Spokane city directory lists his occupation as creamery worker. The 1950 and 1952 directories do not show an occupation. By 1950, their son H. Dale Ure and his wife Carol L. are also residing in Spokane but at a different address.

Clifford died in 1953, Meda in 1971, both in Spokane, but they are buried together in St. Maries. Greta and her husband Harlan Lemmer died in Spokane, Harlan in 1985, Greta in 1999, and they are buried together in East Hope, Idaho. See the section below on Baldwin-Steele graves for details.

Baldwin-Steele and Wetherall-Hardman families meet in Idaho

Several of William B. Wetherall's Baldwin-Steele relatives met his future mother-in-law, Ullie Hardmen, and very likely also his future father-in-law, Owen Hardman, sometime between 1936 and 1938, when he and my mother, Orene Hardman, were courting in Idaho. Shortly after my left for San Francisco to work as a clerk for the 9th District Court, my mother went to San Francisco to marry him. The marriage, which had the blessings of Orene's parents and WBW's relatives, was witnessed by only a few of my father's local friends. No relatives from either side were present.

WBW's first job after graduating from law school and passing the Idaho bar in 1937 was in Orofino, on the Clearwater river a few miles upstream from Peck, Idaho. His mother, Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall, had been committed to the insane asylum in Orofino around 1912 and had died there in 1923. Orene was born at the Hardman ranch on Central Ridge though the birth was recorded in nearby Peck. She was raised on the ranch, and when in her teens in Peck, where Ullie and Owen had settled after selling the ranch in the mid 1920s. Orene graduated from high school in Peck then went to college in Moscow. From 1935 to 1936 she taught at Yellow Rose School, a one-room all-grade elementary school on Little Bear Ridge near Deary. In 1937, however, she taught at Pierce, which is near Orofino, a bit further up the Clearwater from Peck.

St. Maries photo

The following two pictures record what was probably the first meeting of the Baldwin-Steele and Hardman-Hunter families after WBW and Orene declared their intention to marry. The choice of where to meet would have been Peck (where the Hardman-Hunters lived) or St. Maries (where the Baldwin-Steeles lived).

My mother's recollection was that the photographs were taken in St. Maries. Interestingly, Ullie Hardman, who was in the photographs, wrote identifications on her copies of the prints -- on two different occasions three or so decades later in her life, probably in the mid 1960s and early 1970s -- in which which she makes a number of mistakes, suggesting that she was experiencing the sort of memory loss that, by the mid 1970s, led to her move to a convalesent home, where her dementia continued to worsen.

WBW, a Wetherall-Baldwin, was raised by his mother's Baldwin-Steele family for the first several years of his life in St. Maries, Idaho, then by his father's Wetherall-Beaman family in Knoxville, Iowa, and finally by his father's new Wetherall-Van Houton family in Des Moines, Iowa. While going to college in Idaho, however, he lived with the Ure-Baldwin family of his maternal aunt, Meda, in St. Maries. His maternal grandmother Ellen Baldwin, and at times also his maternal aunt Sadie Williams, also lived in St. Maries, as did Sadie's daughter (WBW's 1st cousin) Faye Mathews (later Faye Rebenstorf) and Faye's daughter Marilyn Mathews (later Marilyn Disrud).

Neither Owen Hardmen (Orene's father, Ullie's husband, my grandfather) nor Faye Mathews (Sadie's daughter, WBW's 1st cousin, my 1st cousin once removed) are in the photographs, which appear to have been taken in turns WBW and Orene Hardman. At the time the pictures were taken (1936-1937), WBW was living in St. Maries with the Ures. According to the 1940 census, Ellen was in St. Maries in 1935. Sadie was in Spokane, Washington, in 1935, but by 1940 she was with Ellen in St. Maries. Faye and Marilyn were living in Spokane, and Ullie Hardman was in Peck, Idaho.

Marilyn was born on 22 December 1934, and I would guess that the photographs were taken in 1937 rather than 1936. Sadie was probably carrying for Marilyn, who was not yet of school age, while Faye, by then a single mother, worked. I would guess that Owen, too, was probably working.

Ullie Hardman with Baldwins Ullie Hardman with Baldwins

Meeting of Hardman-Hunter and Baldwin-Steele families in St. Maries, circa 1937
Left Photo by Bill Wetherall showing Orene Hardman on right with her mother Ullie and WBW's Baldwin-Steele family
Right Photo by Orene Wetherall showing Bill Wetherall on right with his Baldwin-Steele family and Orene's mother Ullie
Wetherall Family photos

Left to right
Clifford Ure (1887-1953) -- Meda's husband
Dale Ure (1928-2004) -- Meda's and Clifford's son, WBW's 1st cousin
Meda (Baldwin) Ure (1888-1971) -- WBW's maternal aunt
Ellen (Steele) Baldwin (1863-1943) -- WBW's maternal grandmother, mother of Sadie, Lydia, Meda, and WBW's mother Ida
Ullie (Hunter) Hardman (1891-1980) -- Mother of WBW's fiancee, Orene Hardman (1913-2003)
Sadie (Baldwin) Williams (1883-1964) -- WBW's maternal aunt
Marilyn Mathews (1934-2013) -- WBW's 1st cousin once removed, daughter of Sadie's daughter Faye (Williams) Mathews, later Rebenstorf
Left photo Orene Hardman, later Wetherall (1913-2003) = LOH, Bill's fiancee, Ullie's daughter
Right photo William Bascom Wetherall (1911-2013) = WBW, Orene's fiance, Ullie's future son-in-law

Ullie Hardman with Baldwins

Lois (Lemmer) Slater, the daughter of Meda and Clifford Ure's daughter Greta Ava (Ure) Lemmer, confirmed my tentative identifications of Clifford, Dale, Meda, and Marilyn. She characterized her Ure grandparents -- and Claude Williams, Sadie's son and Faye's brother, and my father, WBW -- as follows (email, 13 February 2014, [bracketed remarks] mine).

From left to right Clifford (Daddy Cliff, my grandfather), Dale, Almeda Jane (Danny, my grandmother), the next two people [Ellen Baldwin and Ullie Hardman] I do not know, then Aunt Sadie and Marilyn. The one on the right is your father then? What a handsome man!! I thought maybe it was Claude but he wasn't as good looking.

Of interest here is that, in the mid 1960s or so, when Ullie sat down and identified the people in many family photos, she wrote on the back of her copy of the print to the left -- "At St. Maries / Bill's family / Aunt Meda, husband & son / Grandma Baldwin / myself / Aunt Sadie / Marilyn / Claud [sic = Claude]". However, on the front of her copy of the photo to the left, which was found in the small red album she carried in her purse, she wrote "Stanleys -- early 50's" -- and on the back "In Calif. -- / The Stanleys / early 50's".

In the first case, she recognized that she was looking at "Bill's family", and recalled the names or relationships of most -- but took her (future) son-in-law "Bill" for his 1st cousin, Claude, Sadie's son and Marilyn's uncle. In the second case, she associates the place with California, and the people with the Stanleys -- perhaps someone she knew in Idaho who had moved to Califoria -- apparently not wondering why she and her daughter Orene look too young to be in California in the 1950s.

Lois's testimony was the first I had from anyone in the Baldwin-Steele family on the identity of people in Baldwin-Steele photographs. But Lois, my 2nd cousin, did not recognize her maternal (and my paternal) great grandmother Ellen Baldwin.

Lois, born in 1939, undoubtedly met Ellen Baldwin before Ellen died in 1943 -- when Lois was only 3-1/2 years old. I probably also met Ellen and Sadie, and Meda and Clifford, in the summer of 1941, when I was only a few months old. My parents brought me to Peck that summer to meet my Hardman grandparents and Hunter grandfather, and I can't imagine my father not taking us to St. Maries, which is not far away, to show me to his Baldwin-Steele kinfolk there, who were directly responsible for his upbringing. . But of course I have no memories of that summer other than those created by the numerous photographs that were taken of me in Peck.

It remains unclear as to whether Faye met Ullie on the occasion the above photograph was taken. However, she clearly got to know Ullie, well enough in fact to drop in on her when she visited Lewiston from Coeur d'Alene later in Ullie's life. Faye also knew my maternal aunt, Ullie's older daughter Babe, who lived in various communities in eastern Idaho and western Washington, and was entirely at home in the larger Spokane, Coeur d'Alene, St. Maries, and Lewiston-Clarkston area.


5.4 Wetherall-Baldwin

William R. and Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall

See Wetherall-Baldwin-Van Houton and related families page for details.


5.13 Williams-Mathews-Rebenstorf

Faye (Williams) (Mathews) Rebenstorf (1906-1995)

Table 5.13   Faye's marriages with L.J. Mathews and Howard C. Rebenstorf
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 Faye M. Williams 4 Oct 1906 25 Nov 1995 88 Knoxville IA Coeur d'Alene ID CDA Memorial Cem ID Teacher, Accountant
0 L.J. Mathews Washington
1 Marilyn Anne Matthews (Disrud) 22 Dec 1934 21 Jul 2013 78 Spokane WA Coeur d'Alene ID Riverview Cem CDA ID
0 Howard C. Rebenstorf 30 Aug 1898 27 Sep 1966 Wisconsin Coeur d'Alene ID CDA Memorial Cem ID Grocer
  1. On 10 February 1934, Faye M. Williams of St. Maries [sic = Kootenai] County, Idaho, married L.J. Mathews of King County, Washington, in the presence of Sadie E. Williams and Claude J. Williams, in Spokane, Washington. The certificate was filed on 19/20 February. They appear to have separated a couple of years later and divorced by 1940.
  2. Marilyn appears to have been partly raised by her grandmother Sadie Williams, possibly with the help also of her great grandmother Ellen Baldwin, in St. Maries, Idaho, during the late 1930s and early 1940s while Faye was working in nearby Spokane, Washington.
  3. By the mid 1940s, Faye had married Howard C. Rebenstorf, who became Marilyn's stepfather at least informally. Howard, too, had been married and divorced, but apparently he had no children from his previous marriage. Marilyn's legal family name appears to have remained Mathews, her name at the time she married Norman K. Disrud in 1957.

Faye in censuses

Faye was born in Knoxville, Iowa, according to her obituary (see below).

The 1910 census shows Fay [sic = Faye] M. Williams (3), living with her mother Sadie E. Williams (26), and her brother Claud [sic = Claude] J. Williams (2), in the St. Maries, Idaho, with her maternal grandparents, Newton B. Baldwin (47) and Martha E. Baldwin (46),

I have not found Faye, or Sadie or Claude, in the 1920 census. But stories passed down by descendants of Sadie's sister Lydia Anstine, who lived in Utica in Seward County, Nebraska, have Faye and Claude living with Sadie in Nebraska.

The 1930 census shows Faye working as a teacher in Lincoln, Nebraska.

The 1940 census shows Faye living in Spokane, Washington, as Faye Mathews (33), divorced, a book keeper at a bus transportation company. She was living at the same place in Spokane in 1935.

Faye in city directories

Faye is listed as a student in the 1928-1930 Lincoln Nebraska city directories. She is not listed in the 1927 or 1931 directories.

Both the 1928 and 1929 Lincoln Nebraska Directories show Williams Faye stu r1541 S.

The 1930 Lincoln Nebraska Directory shows Williams Fay [sic = Faye] stu r341 N 12th apt 2.

The 1930 directory was compiled in 1929. Presumably Faye completed her normal school education and was teaching by the time of the 1930 census (see above).

Note that neither Lennie nor Aura Anstine are shown in the 1928-1930 Lincoln directories. They, too, would have been enrolled in teacher training courses, presumably in Lincoln, about this time. Perhaps they commuted to the city by bus or by car. They may also, at times, have stayed with Faye. In the meantime, Sadie was the resident head nurse of a home for unwed mothers in Seward (1930 census).

Spokane directories show Faye as "Mathews" in 1937 (Faye), 1938 (Mrs Faye M), 1939 (Mrs Fay M), 1940 (Mrs Faye), and 1941 (Faye M). She is typically described as a bookkeeper for Auto Interurban, a bus transportation company.

A 1947 Idaho city directory shows her living and working in Coeur d'Alene as the wife of Howard C. Rebenstorf, who apparently she met and married in the early or mid 1940s.

Bill Wetherall and Faye Williams Bill Wetherall with Faye Williams
Probably St. Maries, Idaho, early 1930s
(Wetherall Family photo)

Faye and William B. Wetherall

The 4 Baldwin sisters bore 9 cousins, 8 of whom survived their childhood.

Baldwin sisters Cousins
Sadie Williams (1883-1964) Faye (Mathews) (Nelson) Rebenstorf (1906-1995)
Claude Williams (1907-1977)
Lydia Anstine (1886-1929) Velma Anstine (1908-1919)
Lennie Severns (1910-1997)
Aura Dey (1912-1985)
Imogene LeBaron (1926-2005)
Meda Ure (1888-1971) Greta Lemmer (1912-1999)
Dale Ure (1928-2004)
Ida Wetherall (1890-1923) William B. Wetherall (1911-2013)

William B. Wetherall (WBW) was partly raised by, or lived in the same household with, all of his aunts -- Sadie, Lydia, and Meda -- and he had a practically sibling relationship with Faye and Claude, who were a few years older, but also with Lennie and Greta, who were the nearest to him in age.

Faye seems to have been WBW's closest cousin in terms of how much contact they continued to have during their adult lives, both in terms of correspondence and visitations. Faye and Claude were also the only cousins whose names were familiar to WBW's children, including this writer. Their mother, Sadie, as also the most familar "aunt" in our family, and we have more photographs of Sadie, Faye, and Claude.

Faye visited us a number of times in both San Francisco and Grass Valley, usually in conjunction with trips she made to California related to her work and other activities. During one such visit, all members of WBW's family, except my sister Mary Ellen, met Faye in San Francisco while she was attending a convention in the city. Faye taped a conversation we had over dinner in Chinatown -- her first encounter with Chinese food. And after her death, her daughter Marilyn sent the tape to my father. I now have the tape, which includes gossip about the extended Baldwin-Steele family.

Faye's obituary

Faye died on 25 November 1995 in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, where she had lived most of her adult life. She is buried in Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Kootenai County, Idaho (see below). The following obituary is a reformatted version of an obituary published in The Spokesman-Review on 28 November 1995. The [bracketed] clarifications and red highlighting are mine.

The Spokesman-Review
[Tuesday] November 28, 1995 in Idaho

Faye Rebenstorf
Coeur d'Alene [Idaho]

A private service and burial was held for Faye Rebenstorf, 89, who died Saturday [25 November 1995].

Mrs. Rebenstorf was born in Knoxville, Iowa. She attended the University of Nebraska [in Lincoln, Nebraska] and Kinman Business University [in Spokane, Washington].

She taught in elementary and secondary schools and in college.

She and her late husband, Howard [Rebenstorf], started Howard's Market and Nursery, now known as Duncan's Garden and Nursery [in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho].

She held many accounting positions in Coeur d'Alene and also held a real estate license.

Her memberships included Coeur d'Alene Bible Church, Christian Business and Professional Women's Club, the American Society of Women Accountants, the Idaho Retired Teachers Association and the National Council of Senior Citizens. She also was past state director of the American Association of Retired Persons.

Her husband died in 1966.

Mrs. Rebenstorf's survivors include her daughter, Marilyn Disrud, one grandson, Todd Disrud, and one great-grandson, Nathaniel Disrud, all of Coeur d'Alene.

Memorial contributions may be made to Coeur d'Alene Bible Church or the Alzheimer's Association, North Idaho Chapter.

Howard C. Rebenstorf (1898-1966)

Howard C. Rebenstorf was born on 30 August 1898 in Wisconsin. A Bonner County, Idaho marriage record shows that he married Hedwig H. Weiss, in Sandpoint, Idaho, on 20 September 1920. Bonner County and Sandpoint are immediately north of Kootenai County and Coeur d'Alene, which are just west of Spokane County and Spokane in Washington. Hedwig H. [Helene] -- who appears in most other records as "Hattie" or "Hattie H." -- was born in Wisconsin on 11 June 1898 to Austrian-born parents.

The 1930 census shows Howard and Hattie, both then 31, but 22 when married, living in Coeur d'Alene, apparently without any children. He is a laborer working for the state highway department, and she is a switchboard operator at the telephone company.

The 1938 directory for Coeur d'Alene shows Howard and Hattie living together at 207 N 10th. He is working for Potlach Forests, she at the Tenth Street Grocery. The same directory shows a "Cora Rebenstorf (wid Edgar B.)" living at 818 Garden Avenue. Cora was his mother (Cora Stella Rudsell), and Edgar B. had been his father ("Ed" Rebenstorf).

I have not found either Howard or Hattie in a 1940 census record. But the 1940 Coeur d'Alene directory shows Hattie living as "Mrs. Hattie H. Rebenstorf" at the same 207 N 10th address and still working at the same grocery, while Howard is listed immediately below her as a millworker residing at 502 Foster Avenue. Apparently they are separated.

The 1947 census shows "Mrs. Hattie H. Rebenstorf" living at the same address and working at the same grocery store. Immediately below her is "Howard C. Rebenstorf (Faye M.)" residing at 1033 N 2d. No occupations or places of work are noted for either Howard or Faye.

The 1949 directory shows Hattie at the same address and place of work. Howard and Faye are residing at 902 N 4th, and Faye is said to be working at the Camp Joy Grocery.

The 1952 directory shows Hattie at the same address and place of work. Faye and Howard are separately listed, she as "Mrs. Faye M. Rebenstorf" working as a bookeeper for Hall Plumbing and Heating, he as "Howard C. Rebenstorf" working at Howard's Market, his own store. Both Faye and Howard are residing at 1928 N 4th -- yet another address.

Howard died in Coeur d'Alene on 27 September 1966. Faye died on 25 November 1995, also in Coeur d'Alene. Both are buried in Coeur d'Alene Memorial Cemetery. Howard's headstone has a simple cross above his name, and shows his rank and occupation as a "World War I" veteran. Faye's headstone refers to her as "Beloved Mother, Grandmother, and Great Grandmother" and has strongly Christian motiffs."

A "Hattie Hel Rebenstorf" died on 12 July 1982 in Monument, Grant County, Oregon, according to a transcribed Oregon death index. She is buried at Monument Cemetery, where her headstone name is Hattie N. Rebenstorf and she is memorialized as "Aunt" in quotation marks.

Assuming that the Hattie Rebenstorf who died in Orgeon is Howard's 1st wife -- and she seems to be -- the significance of the different middle initial on the headstone is unclear. The meaning of the "quotation marks" around "aunt" is even more mysterious.

Marilyn A. (Mathews) Disrud (1934-2013)

Marilyn Anne Disrud was born Mathews in Spokane, Washington, on 22 December 1934. Legally, at least, she appears to have remained Mathews when her mother remarried in the 1940s, and she became Disrud when she married in the 1957. She died in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, on 21 July 2013 and is buried at Riverview Cemetery there. Her headstone, which also has strongly Christian motiffs, includes the name and date of birth of her surviving husband, Norman K. [Kenneth] Disrud -- 13 April 1929.

An obituary, possibly posted by her husband or their son, Todd Lee Disrud, states that she was "preceded in death by her parents Howard and Faye Rebenstorf".

Norman Kenneth Disrud (1929-2016)

Marilyn's husband, born 13 April 1929 in Fosston in Polk County, Minnesota, passed in Idaho on 9 June 2016 at age 87. He was buried at Riverview Cemetery in Coeur d'Alene in Kootenai County, Idaho, with Marilyn.

  1. Howard and Hattie, living in Coeur d'Alene in 1930, had no children after 9 years of marriage.
  2. Howard and Hattie are still living together in Coeur d'Alene in 1938 but are residing at separate addresses in 1940.
  3. Faye married L.J. Mathews in Spokane in February 1934.
  4. Marilyn was born in Spokane in December 1934.
  5. Faye appears to have separated by 1937 but she continued to work in Spokane until at least 1941.
  6. Marilyn is with Sadie in a set of circa 1936-1937 photographs with other members of the Baldwin family, and Bill Wetherall and his fiancee, Orene Hardman, and her mother, Ullie Hardman (see above). The photographs were taken in St. Maries, where Ellen Baldwin, Sadie (Baldwin) Williams, Clifford and Meda (Baldwin) Ure, and Bill Wetherall, were then living.
  7. On 23 March 1942, an application for a delayed certificate of birth in Knoxville, Iowa, in 1906, signed on 19 March 1942 by Faye Williams Nelson and notorlized in St. Maries, is recorded in Iowa.
  8. On 26 October 1944, Faye M. Nelson marries Howard C. Rebenstorf in Missoula in Missoula County, Montana. Both had been married and divorced, and both were then residing in Coeur d'Alene.
  9. By 1947, Faye and Howard living in Coeur d'Alene.
  10. Marilyn A. Mathews married Norman K. Disrud in [Coeur d'Alene] in Kootenai County, Idaho, on 24 August 1957.
Marilyn's family history work

In December 1973, the Wetherall family spent a few days in Lewiston, Idaho for a Christmas reunion with Orene's relatives. On Christmas day, Faye, Marilyn, Norman, and Todd drove down from Coeur d'Alene to visit with the Wetheralls at their motel for a couple of hours. Orene's mother Ullie, who also knew Faye and had met several other relatives on Bill's Baldwin side, and Orene's sister Babe, who had met Faye, were also there.

Marilyn kept in touch with the Wetheralls in Grass Valley after Faye's death in 1995, and until sometime after Orene's death in 2003. Around 1979, she sent my father some family information that survives among his papers. I have not yet had an opportunity to see it. It may answer some questions and raise others. It may partly account for the extent and quality of the information my father conveyed to me about his his ancestors when talking to me about them in 2010 and 2011.


Claude J. Williams (1907-1977)

Claude Williams has left relatively few traces of his existence. Like Aunt Sadie and Faye, he was well known to the Wetherall-Hardman family in both Idaho and California.

My father, William Bascom Wetherall, partly grew up with Claude and Faye when the three children were living with their Baldwin grandparents in St. Maries, Idaho, during the early 1910s. Both Claude and Faye later lived in Nebraska with their mother, and Bill may have met them there during the summers he worked on Uncle Charley's farm in the mid 1920s.

Claude was living mainly in Spokane, which is geographically close to St. Maries, where Bill was living with the Aunt Meda's family and Grandma Baldwin while attending college in Moscow, Idaho. After Bill began courting my mother, who he met at college in Moscow, his Baldwin relatives in St. Maries, and Faye and Claude, who were then in Spokane, had opportunities to meet my mother and her parents and relatives, who lived in Peck and elsewhere in the Lewiston-Clarkston, which is close to St. Maries, Coeur d'Alene, and Spokane.

Claude appears in a number of photographs in the Wetherall family collection in California, and in photographs in the possession of Lydia Anstine's great granddaughter, Darci Severns, in Washington.

Claude Williams with Orene Hardman Claude Williams with Orene Wetherall
Picnic outing (unknown place and date)
(Wetherall Family photo)
Claude Williams with Aura and Lennie Claude Williams with Aura (L) and Lennie (R)
On leave circa mid-1940s (place uncertain)
(Severns Family photo)


Greta and Harlan Lemmer Greta and Harlan Celebrate 50th Anniversary
(Screenshot from The Spokesman-Review,
Sunday, 30 August 1981, C4)

Greta (Ure) Lemmer (1912-1999)

Greta Ava Ure, born and raised in St. Maries (see Table 5.3), married Harlan Lemmer, whose parents had also settled in St. Maries during the 1920s.

William Harlan Lemmer (1904-1985)

William Harlan Lemmer was born on 13 September 1904 in Antigo, Langrad County, Wisconsin, to William F. Lemmer and Lina L. Freese.

The 1910 and 1920 censuses show the Lemmers, including Harlan's older sister Cecilia, living in Hope, Bonner County, Idaho, where William Lemmer, the father, is working as a saw filer at a lumber mill. The 1930 census shows Harlan's parents, William Lemmer (57) and Lena L. Lemmer (49), living without their children in St. Maries, Idaho, where Harlan's father is working as a saw filer in logging. The Lemmers were born in Wisconsin, he to a German father and Pennsylvania mother, she to a German father and German mother.

The 1930 census, enumerated in April, shows Harlan as William H. Lemmer (25), married at age 18, working as a saw filer at a lumber mill in Emmett, in the South Precinct of Gem County, Idaho. He and his parents were born in Wisconsin, and he was boarding at a boarding house.

Greta's marriage

A marriage return filed in Asotin County, Washington, certifies that, on 7 September 1931, Greta Ava Ure (19) -- a spinster stenographer, born in St. Maries, Idaho, to Iowa-born C.M. Ure and Kentucky-born Almeta [sic = Almeda, Meda] Baldwin -- married William Harlan Lemmer (26) -- a divorced salesman, born in Intiago [sic = Antigo], Wisconsin, to W.F. Lemmer and Lena Freese, both born in Wisconsin. He signed "Harlan Lemmer" and she signed "Mrs. Harlan Lemmer".

The 1939-1940 city directory for Rexburg, Idaho, shows Harlan Lemmer (spouse Greta A.) working as a chauffeur for the Shell Oil Company.

The 1940 census shows "Wm. H. Lemmer" (35) and Greta (27) living in St. Anthony, in Fremont County, Idaho, where he was working as a salesman of gas and oil, and she as a clerk at a county agency. At the time they had two children, a son Harlan (6) and a daughter Lois (6/12). William had completed 3 years of college and Greta 4 years of high school. According to the census, the Lemmers were living in St. Maries in 1935, but had moved to Fremont County by the time Lois was born in 1939.

By 1950, Greta and her family were living in Spokane, where they are listed in the city directory at an address next door to Greta's parents, Meda and Clifford Ure. Later, Greta and [William] Harlan would reside on Hawthorne Street in the northern part of Spokane with their children, Harlan E. [Eugene] "Gene" Lemmer (see below) and Lois C. Friedlander (see below).

The 1950 Spokane directory shows Mrs. Greta Lemmer working as a bookkeeper for Soft Water Service Co., and Harlan Lemmer (Greta) working as a clerk for an unspecified employer. She is residing at 723 [sic] Knox Avenue, and his (her) home is at W. 733 [sic] Knox Avenue. [Presumably the two Knox addresses are meant to be the same.] Clifford M. Ure (Meda J.) are listed as living [apparently] next door at W. 731 Knox Avenue. H. Dale Ure (Carol L.), a clerk for an unspecified employer, are living at E. 1311 Bismark Avenue.

By 1955 or 1956, Greta and Harlan moved into a home at 4928 N. Hawthorne Street, where they would live the rest of their lives.

The 1960 Spokane directory lists Mrs. Greta A. Lemmer as an office manager for Soft Water Service, and as the spouse of William H. Lemmer (Greta A.), a salesman for Headlight Oil. Meda (Baldwin) Ure is residing at S. 206 Post. Lois C. (Lemmer) Santa Rosa is listed as a typist for Pacific Telephone, and as the spouse of Arth [Arthur A.] Santa Rosa, of Santa Rosa's Body & Fender Works, which is separately listed as a shop owned by Arth Santa Rosa. The Santa Rosas are residing at E. 1207 Rich Avenue.

Harlan's stroke

William Harlan Lemmer appears to have suffered from a serious stroke or a series of strokes in the late 1960s or very early 1970s, according to Faye Rebenstorf, Greta's 1st cousin. Faye described their difficulties in some detail in a coversation over dinner at a restaurant in Chinatown in San Francisco on 5 September 1973, with my parents, William B. and L. Orene Wetherall, my brother, me, and my then wife Etsuko. Faye's daughter, Marilyn, sent the tape to my parents after Faye died in 1995, and I digitized it in 2013.

Faye related that Harlan was able to hear and understand everything you said to him, but he couldn't speak well enough to make himself understood. Apparently he'd get angry when people didn't understand him and become beligerent toward them. He'd gotten to the point that he didn't like seeing anyone, didn't want people to come to their place, and didn't want to go any place. He shuffled around with the help of a cane but couldn't use his right hand very well. Fortunately, though, he was left-handed.

Faye occasionally had business in Spokane and would have liked to take Greta out to lunch. But Greta, who had a full-time job, went home every day at noon -- a five-mile drive -- to make Harlan's lunch. And Faye said, in 1973, that frankly she did not want to visit Greta when Harlan was there because of his belligerence.

Faye also said, in 1973, that she had last visited Greta and Harlan at their summer home in a resort town on the other side of Lake Pend Oreille, about 60 miles from Coeur d'Alene (where Faye lived), and 100 miles from Spokane (where Greta and Harlan lived). Greta had put in a garden there and drove up every weekend to see that everything was watered. The home was in the vicinity of Hope in Bonner County, Idaho, where Harlan had grown up and worked after his family moved to Idaho from Wisconsin.

50th anniversary

Greta and Harlan celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in 1981.

Harlan passed away in Spokane on 1 May 1985. Greta passed away on 9 October 1999. They are buried at Hope Cemetery in East Hope, Bonner County, Idaho, on the northeastern shore of Lake Pend Oreille.

In 2000, their son Harlan Lemmer (Harlan Eugene "Gene" Lemmer), and the Greta A. Lemmer Estate, granted a quit claim deed on the 2-bedroom, 1-bath house and 6,200 square-foot lot at 4928 N. Hawthorne Street in Spokane, where Greta and Harlan had lived out their lives. They had moved from their Knox Street home to the Hawthorne Street home in 1955 or 1956.

Harlan Eugene Lemmer Harlan Eugene Lemmer
Gene Lemmer, 1951
North Central High School
Spokane, Washington
(Tamarack 1950-1952 yearbook)
Gene Lemmer, 1959
State College of Washington
Pullman, Washington
(Chinook 1959 yearbook)

Gene Lemmer (1933-2014)

Harlan Eugene Lemmer was born on 4 September 1933 in St. Maries, Idaho. The 1940 census shows him living in St. Maries with his parents, Greta and Harlan Lemmer, and his sister Lois.

Gene graduated from North Central High School in Spokane in 1951. The Tamarack 1950-1951 yearbook states that he liked math, had transferred from Coeur d'Alene, and played football and belonged to the Spanish Club among several other activities (page 54). He graduated from the State College of Washington in Pullman in 1959 with a degree in mechanical engineering (Chinook '59 yearbook, page 81).

In the conversation she taped while dining with the Wetherall family -- in Chinatown, San Francisco, on 4 September 1973 -- Faye Rebenstorf said that Gene and Pat Lemmer and their 5 children had visited Greta and Harlan that summer. She characterized Gene as a good son.

William B. Wetherall, who also knew Greta's son as Gene, said during the 1973 conversation that he had never met Pat. He knew they were settled in southern California and asked Faye if Gene was working in electronics. Faye didn't know but thought he was working for Kaiser, and she said they were doing well.

Orene Wetherall, who had a talent for connecting disparate dots in casual conversations, observed that, with 5 kids, it's good to do well.

Gene and Patricia settled in Upland, California. They celebrated their 50th wedding anniversity in 2013. Patricia reported that Gene had been in California for 54 years and had worked for Kaiser Steel, and that they had 5 children, 14 grandchildren, and 2 great grand children (email, 21 January 2014).

Gene passed away on 14 December 2014 after a long bout with Parkinson's disease.

Eugene Lemmer Gene Lemmer


Harlan Eugene (Gene) Lemmer
September 4, 1933 - December 8, 2014

Gene Lemmer, 81, passed away on December 8, 2014. He is survived by Pat, his loving wife of fifty-one years, his children Cindy (James), Debbie (Steve), Chere, Jim (Deborah) and Sam (Jim), as well as fourteen grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, and his sister, Lois.

The family would like to thank the VNA Hospice, who were a great source of comfort to Gene and the family in his final days.

Services will be held at St. Joseph's Church at 12:00 p.m. on Saturday, January 10, 2015.

In lieu of flowers, Memorial donations may be made to VNA Hospice of Claremont.

Published in Inland Valley Daily Bulletin on Jan. 6, 2015.

Lois (Lemmer) Slater

Lois, Gene's sister, was born on 17 October 1939 in St. Anthony in Fremont County, Idaho. Washington marriage records show that she married Arthur A. Santa Rosa on 16 November 1957 (license 15 November, recorded 22 November) in Spokane. The signing witnesses were Marilyn Disrud and Edward Santa Rosa. Marilyn, nee Rebenstorf (originally Mathews), was Faye (Williams) (Mathews) Rebenstorf's daughter, hence Lois's and this writer's 2nd cousin.

Lois reported to this writer that she married Arthur A. Santa Rosa in 1957 after graduating from high school at age 18, and between 1959 and 1966 they had 4 children -- Brenda, Shelly Ann, Bret Anthony, and Patricia Sue. Lois later married a man named Friedlander, then in 1990 she married Jerry Slater, who had a daughter Bonnie and a son Warner. Lois has 12 grandchildren, including those of Warner's 2 children (email, 8 February 2014).


Herbert Dale Ure (1928-2004)

H. Dale Ure, William B. Wetherall's 1st cousin, married Carol Trappe on the evening of 30 April 1949 (Spokane Chronicle, Saturday, 30 April 1949, page 14) at St. John's Lutheran Church in Spokane. The bridegroom was described as the son of Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Ure, W731 Knox Street, Spokane. The ushers included James Trappe (a brother of the bride), and Gene Lemmer (Harlan Eugene Lemmer, Dale's nephew, then about 15 years old). Those assisting at the reception included Mrs. Harlan Lemmer (Dale's sister Greta) and Miss Lois Lemmer (Greta's daughter, Gene's sister, and Dale's niece, then about 9 years old).

Dale and Carol visit San Francisco

In May 1950, a year after they married, Dale and Carol visited the Wetherall family in San Francisco. A picture postcard showing "The Golden Trail, Scotch Broom in Blossom, Oregon Coast Highway" is addressed to "The Wetheralls' / 1558 33 Ave. / San Francisco / California". A standard green 1-cent Washington stamp is postmarked Florence, Oregon, 20 May 1950. Carol wrote the following message.

Memories of California
Dear folks, Sat.
    Tonite we sho
be thru Portland anyhow
(Just my luck . . . no more
ink.) Now we are
anxious to get home.
Everything we now
see seems very insignificant
with the memories of
S.F. still so fresh. We
surely hated to leave
Calif. yesterday. No doubt
some day we will be
living down there
somewhere if we have
our say. We have been
making fine time and
the weather is as sunny
& clear as can be. The
scotch broom is out just
like that as well as
masses of rhododendron.
Will let you know
as soon as we reach home.
    Love, Carol & Dale
Memories of San Francisco
Memories of San Francisco

Picture postcards

Picture postcards were the contemporary equivalents of text messages with attached images -- except that postcard messages were anything but instant. You needed, first of all, a postcard. And a pen with ink or a sharp pencil or both. And a proper stamp. And then you had to find a post box -- and trust that the card would be picked, routed, and delivered in two or three days -- rain or shine, snow or sleet.

This writer began to collect picture postcards, beginning those I got from my maternal grandmother and parents, in my early teens, growing up in San Francisco during the early 1950s. I usually wrote my name "Bill Wetherall" at the tops of cards I added to my collection with the intention of keeping them. I did this to make sure that other people, particularly classmates and neighbors with whom I traded stamps and postcards, knew who they belonged to. I never got higher than a complimentary "C" in penmanship. After learning the art of printing in high school and college drafting classes, I lost the ability to write in longhand other than to sign my name. Notes and memos I write for myself are always odd mixtures of printing and cursive.

Dale's and Carol's obituaries

Dale and Carol would live the rest of their lives in Spokane.

The following is a cut and paste of an obituary re-posted by Ancestor.com from SpokesmanReview.com. The obituary reportedly appeared in the 10 July 2004 edition of the paper but the copy on the website shows 9 July 2004. It was probably run in the classifieds on both days.

The Spokesman-Review
Friday, July 9, 2004

Dale Ure

Memorial service for H. Dale Ure, 75, will be at a later date. Heritage Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements.

Mr. Ure, who died Saturday, was born in St. Maries.

He worked for 40 years in various aspects of advertising for Cowles Publishing Co. He was advertising sales manager for the Northwest Unit Farm Magazines when he retired.

Mr. Ure and his wife worked in Lutheran Marriage Encounter for many years.

He was also an avid Scouter for 35 years, including service as Explorer post adviser in Great Falls and scoutmaster of Boy Scout Troop 313 in Spokane.

He received the Silver Beaver and Order of the Lamb awards for his work with youths.

Survivors include his wife of 55 years, Carol; 4 children, Doug Ure of Salem, Ore., Diane Richards and Jan Christensen, both of Spokane, and Wendy Davis of Spangle; and six grandchildren.

Memorial contributions may be made to Beautiful Savior Lutheran Church.

Dale's wife, Carol Louise (Trappe) Ure, born on 6 November 1928, apparently in Spokane, passed away in Spokane on 9 April 2010. Her obituary was published in the classified ads section of The Spokesman-Review from 14-15 April 2010, according to the following Legacy.com version. The portrait was published with the obituary. The caption below the portrait, and the portrait's approximate date, are mine. The date is based on information in the image's file name.

Dale and Carol Ure Dale and Carol Ure
Circa 1988

The Spokesman-Review
April 14-15, 2010

Carol L. Ure

URE, Carol L. (Age 81) Now with her Lord, Christ Jesus as of April 9, 2010. She was preceded in death by Dale, husband of 55 years. Wife, mother, homemaker, journalist and elementary teacher, she is survived by their four children and six grandchildren. Memorial Service 10:00 AM Saturday April 17, 2010 at Beautiful Savior Lutheran Church, 4320 S. Conklin St., Spokane 99203. Flowers accepted and donations in Carol's name should be made to Beautiful Savior Lutheran Church or Lutheran Marriage Encounter.

The 4 surviving children as of the time of the above obituary were Douglas Ure of Salem, Oregon; Diane Richards and Janice (Jan) Christensen, both of Spokane, Washington; and Wendy Davis of Spangle, Washington.

Douglas Ure (1950-2014)

Douglas Ure, born on 31 July 1950, died on 28 January 2014. He had been an instructor at Chemeketa Community College in Salem, Oregon. He taught courses in life sciences, and his research interests were vertebrate biology and terrestrial and forest ecology.

Douglas Ure Douglas C. Ure

In loving memory

Douglas C. Ure
July 31, 1950 - January 28, 2014

SALEM – Douglas C. Ure, a lifelong teacher, died due to complications with cancer on Tuesday, January 28, with his family at his side.

He was born July 31, 1950, in Spokane, Washington. He was preceded in death by a son, Andrew, and his parents, Dale and Carol Ure. He is survived by his wife, Susan, and two additional sons, David and Jamie, and three sisters, Diane Richards, Janice Christensen, and Wendy (Steve) Davis.

Doug taught 17 years at Chemeketa Community College, teaching a variety of science classes; his favorite was the non-majors biology. His lifelong love of scouting led to a personal achievement of Eagle Scout that he also helped his sons to achieve. He became a Cub Master for younger scouts, then a Scout Master, thus giving 17 years of service in Salem. He also helped start a community garden in Salem. He was active in his church and especially loved acting in a variety of religious plays. In the summer time, he and his family vacationed at Flathead Lake in Montana.

In lieu of flowers, the family requests donations to the Boy Scouts Troop 108 or Marion County Food Shares. Services for Doug will be at 2:00 PM on Sunday, February 16, 2014 at Our Savior’s Lutheran Church, 1770 Baxter Road SE. Arrangements by Virgil T. Golden Funeral Service.


Anstine sisters

William B. Wetherall's 1st cousins

Lydia and Charley Anstine had 4 daughters -- Velma, Lydia, Aura, and Imogene -- between 1908 and 1926. Velma, Lydia, and Aura were spaced about two years apart. Imogene came 14 years later. Their lives reflect the difficulties of a farming family that didn't own its own land, had only daughters, and more than its share of early death.


Velma would die when she was 10 years old. Darci Severns sheds light on the circumstances surrounding Velma's death (email, 16 November 2013).

My mom and I both recall Lennie [Velma's younger sister, Darci's paternal grandmother] referring to an Aunt Sadie. We never heard Sally. I strongly believe Aunt Sadie was present when Velma had her appendix removed. As I recall grandma said, "Mother's sister was a nurse and saw that Velma's appendix was small, pink, and healthy. It had been removed unnecessarily. Velma then died from an infection she received due to the surgery." So tragic!

Velma was "Thelma Anstine" on her death certificate. The place of death was Seward City in Seward County in Nebraska. The medical certificate of death, signed by B.E. Morrow, M.D., stated she died at 12:30 [12:20?] am on 27 May 1919 [Tuesday]. The cause of death was "Ether pneumonia" and the contributory (secondary) cause was "Acute apendicitis". The personal and statistical particulars describe her as a white, single female who was born in Seward County on 30 November 1908 to "Charlie Anstine" born in Nebraska and "Lydia Baldwin" born in Kentucky. She was 10 years 3 months and 27 days old at the time of her death. The informant's name was "Charlie Anstine" of Utica, Nebraska. She was buried on 28 May 1919 in Utica.

Lennie and Aura

Lennie and Aura, having lost their older sister when they were 9 and 7, would go to college in Lincoln, Nebraska, and become teachers. Darci Severns, Lennie's granddaughter, says this about her great aunt Aura's academic standing (email, 19 November 2013).

Aura graduated from high school 5/29/29 [29 May 1929] from Seward High. She was the pick of the school.

Imogene was born a year before Lydia had a colostomy for colon cancer. She was going on 3 when Lydia died in 1929, and had turned 6 shortly before Charley died in 1932. She was then raised in Lennie's family.

Lennie married Archie Severns in 1931, and Archie moved into the Anstine family to help his father-in-law run the farm. Lennie, who had been helping raise Imogene after their mother (Lydia) died, continued to raise her with her own children after their father (Charley) died. Lennie and Archie took Imogene with them when they left the farm in Nebraska in 1937 for an entirely different life in Washington.

Aura married George M. Dey, also from Utica. The 1940 census shows them still living in Utica, where both were employed in government work, he as an "over-seer" in road construction, she as a "clerk" at the post office. By 1942 they were living in Idaho, probably in Coeur d'Alene. They would later live in Spokane, Washington, and also in Riverside, California.

An Army enlistment record shows that, on 21 January 1943, George M. Dey, born in Nebraska in 1907, then residing in Kootenai County, Idaho, enlisted in Spokane, Washington. He is said to have had 3 years of high school, been employed as a foreman in construction, been married, and was 70 inches tall and weighed 146 pounds. The nature of his military service is not clear.


Imogene Anstine had completed 1 year of high school (H-1) by the 1940 census, when she was 13 years old and living with Lennie and Archie Severns in Washington. She graduated from high school around 1943, and by 1945 she had married a local boy, Keith R. LeBaron (1925-2011), and they would have two children. She passed away in 2005, and he died 6 years later.

Darci Severns reported that Aura and George Dey resided in Spokane, while Imogene and Keith LeBaron were denizens of Seattle and then Federal Way. They were snowbirds, she said, hence their occasional stays in Southern California. (Email, 16 November 2013)

Only Velma is buried with Lydia and Charley in Nebraska. Lennie is buried with Archie in Washington. Imogene is also buried in Washington, presumably with Keith. Aura died in California, apparently during one of their sojourns there, and George reportedly died in Spokane. Apparently Aura and George were cremated, and presumably their ashes are in Washington.

Lennie Anstine Lennie Anstine
High school or college graduation,
circa 1926-1928
(Severns Family photo)
Lennie Anstine Aura Anstine
High school or college graduation,
circa 1928-1930 (Seward, Nebraska)
(Wetherall Family photo)
Imogene Anstine Imogene Anstine
"Imie" to Lennie and Aura
High school graduation, circa 1943
(Severns Family photo)


Educating daughters

Lennie (Anstine) Severns wrote in the early 1980s that, after high school, she attended the University of Nebraska, received a teaching certificate, and taught 3 years in a one-room country school while also teaching piano and violin on weekends. The 1930 census shows both Lennie and Aura as public school teachers when they were respectively 20 and 18 years old. However, the 1940 census shows that they had completed only 4 years of high school.

1930 census shows Charles Anstine (46), widowed, his daughters Lennie (20), Aura (18), and Imogene (3 6/12), and his mother-in-law Ellen Baldwin (66), also widowed, living on the Anstine farm in Utica. Both Lennie and Aura are still single, and both are teachers in a public school.

1940 census shows William A. Severns (33), head of household, with Lennie (30), his wife, their two children, Tex Lee (6) and and Billie Rae (3), and Imogene Anstine as Archie's sister-in-law. They are living in Skookumchuck, Lewis County, Washington, were Archie is the owner of a general store and Lennie is a store helper. The census states that that they living in Utica, Seward, Nebraska in 1935. According to the census, Archie and Lennie had completed 4 years of high school (H-4).

1940 census shows "George Day" [sic = Dey] (32) and Aura (28) living in Utica in a non-farm home they rented for 12 dollars a month. They were living in a different home (or in different homes) in Seward in 1935. Both were employed in government work, he as an "over-seer" in road construction, she as a "clerk" at the post office. He earned earned 1,200 dollars and she 600 dollars a year. George had completed 3 years (H3) and Aura 4 years (H4) of high school.

This does not rule out the possibility -- or likelihood -- that Lennie and Aura completed a series of teacher-training courses of a normal school at the University of Nebraska.

Nebraska, like other more recently settled states with numerous sparsely populated communities in many counties, had many 1-room and 2-room schools to which local farm children commuted fairly long distances. School buses made commutes somewhat easier and also facilitated the building of larger schools to serve larger areas. Teacher education varied from county to county, but as in most states, high school graduates were able to became teachers with relatively little formal training.

At the time, there were a variety of normal schools in the state. Some programs ran as short as 6 weeks, others 1, 2, and even 4 years. Possibly the program Lennie and Aura completed did not qualify as "college education" for census purposes.

Lennie, already very busy during her mother's illness and after her mother's death in the late 1920s, would have been even busier as a farm wife after marrying in 1931. She was then 21, and if she had been teaching for 3 years before she married, then she would have been 18 when she began teaching -- the same age as Aura was when said to have been teaching in the 1930 census. Thus suggests that the two girls graduated from high school when 17 or so, then completed short teacher certification courses.

Lennie and Aura didn't teach for long in Nebraska, and they didn't teach after for the Northwest. Had they wanted to teach in Washington or Idaho, they would probably have need to localize their credentials. Even today, credentialing standards considerably vary from state to state, like practically all other standards. Like lawyers and doctors, and people in many other regulated vocations, migrating teachers usually have to satisfy local standards before they can practice their trade.

Reflecting the importance of education in Lennie's own upbringing, though, both of her children became certified teachers in Washington, where they were entirely schooled.

Education in the Steele-Grubb and Baldwin-Steele families

Lydia Anstine appears to have continued the tradition, established by her Baldwin parents, to invest as much as possible in her children's educations -- presumably to give them an edge in life. Census data clearly shows that education became increasingly important in the lives of Lennie's and Aura's ancestors -- as it did, in fact, for most families in the United States and other industrializing and urbanizing countries.

20.0 percent of people 14 years old and older in the United States in 1870, according to data compiled from that year's census, were illiterate. The rates for 1880, 1890, and 1900 were 17.0, 13.3, and 10.7 percent.

Over 25 percent of all people over the age of 10 in Kentucky were unable to read or write in 1870. By 1900, Kentucky's illiteracy rate was down to 16.5 percent -- which made the state the second most literate state in the south following Texas. Still, about 1 in every 5 eligible voter could not read or write.

The Steele-Grubb family that produced Ellen Baldwin, Lydia Anstine's mother, appears to have been less literate than the average Kentucky family at the time, but may have been more literate than the average family in their neck of woods.

The 1850 census classified Elisabeth Steel [sic = Elizabeth Steele] (30), Lydia's maternal grandmother, as a "Person over 20 y'rs of age who cannot read & write". At the time she was raising the first 5 of the 10 children she would have before her husband, Jonas Steele, died in 1868.

The 1870 census classified Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] Steele (50), as a person who "Cannot write" but not as a person who "Cannot read". Apparently over the years since the 1850 census, Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele she had learned to read. In 1870, as the widowed head of her family, she was keeping house for the 7 children still living with her, including all of the youngest. The 1870 census shows that 4 of the children -- George (23) and James H. (21), both farmers, Nancy E. (15), and John W. (12), a farm hand -- could neither read nor write. Sarah H. (17) appears to have been literate. Mary J. (9) and Martha E. (6) -- the future Martha Ellen Baldwin, Lydia's mother -- were probably attending school, but appear to have been too young for the literacy items on the census.

For some reason, the "Attended school within the year" (Item 15) column on the two census sheets that included the Steele family is blank for everyone on the sheets. The "Cannot read" (Item 16) and "Cannot write" (Item 17) columns are blank for everyone under 10 years old. The two sheets include a few entirely illiterate families, in which both parents and all children over 9 were unable to either read or write.

The 1880 census oddly shows that Elizabeth Steele (59), keeping house, and Martha (15), at home, are unable to either read or write -- while the "Cannot read" and "Cannot write" columns remain unchecked for John W. (22), laborer, for whom both were checked in the 1870 census. On the same sheet, living apparently next door, Nancy E. Steele, now Nancy E. Brewer (24), keeping house for her laborer husband and their infant daughter, can still neither read nor right.

The 1900 census for the family of N.B. Baldwin (38) shows that everyone in the family -- himself (38), Ellen (36), and all 4 Baldwin sisters, ranging in age from 17 to 9 -- can both read and write. I cannot find our "John W." in the 1900 census.

Notwithstanding the inexplicable discrepancies in the above and other late-19th-century Steele-Grubb censuses, the sands of literacy in the family are shifting toward higher levels of literacy among the younger generations. By the middle of the 20th century, the average level of educational achievement for descendants of the family appear to be at par if not above the national average. Practically all descendants of Ellen Steele are finishing high school and going to vocational schools or colleges.

The 1940 census shows that Ellen Baldwin (76) had completed 8 years of schooling. The same census census shows that Sadie (Baldwin) Williams (57) had completed 2 years of college, while Meda (Baldwin) Ure (50) had finished 3 years of high school. Sadie had become a nurse. Meda, like her younger sister Ida, may have attended a business college.

So-called "business colleges" were vocational schools for training bookkeepers, accountants, typists, stenographers, office clerks, and cashiers. Such schools offered courses in subjects germane to such vocations, including business arithmetic, commercial law, typing, shorthand, penmanship, letter writing, English, spelling, and even geography. Most students completed programs at such schools in their early years were men, but by the start of the 20th century, the majority of typists and stenographers were women.

Whatever the conditions that prevented so many of her siblings from learning to read and write, Martha Ellen Steele would complete 8 years of grade school education in rural Kentucky before she married Newton Bascum Baldwin in 1880. And by the time they settled in St. Maries in 1910, all 4 of their children would finish 3 or 4 years of high school and a year or two of vocational school or college.

Education in the Hunter-Thomas and Hardman-Hunter families

By the late 19th century, the majority of grade school teachers were women. At the turn of the century, high school education was still a province of male teachers, but the ratio of female teachers was slowly increasing. Both trends reflected the recognition of the need for literate women in the non-farm labor force, as well as the view that women might be better suited for teaching, especially younger children.

My great grandmother, Ida (Thomas) Hunter, a farm wife in a sparsely populated region of Idaho that had no high school, arranged for her oldest daughter, Ullie Hunter, my maternal grandmother, to board in town so she could go to high school. In a taped conversation between my grandmother, mother and aunt, it was revealed that Ida was disappointed when Ullie -- rather than become a teacher -- married Owen Hardman, a semi-literate farm boy who had barely completed the 8th grade, and became a farm wife. Ullie made sure, with Owen's help, that their two daughters, my aunt and mother, went to high school in an era and a locality in which few young people went beyond the 8th grade.

My mother, Orene (Hardman) Wetherall, graduated from a country grade school and high school, before completing a 2-year normal school program at the University of Idaho. She then taught about 3 years at 2 different country schools in Idaho, the first a 1-room school with about a dozen students spanning all 8 grades. The 1940 census, two years after she had quit teaching and married, shows her as having completed 2 years of college (C-2). My father, who had graduated from law school after finishing an ordinary 4-year course at the University of Idaho, is shown to have completed 6 years of college (C-6).

My mother's Idaho credentials were out of date even in Idaho by the time she returned to teaching in California. She was allowed to do some home teaching to students who were sick, injured, or otherwise unable to attend classes. But even these opportunities were limited by her lack of a 4-year college degree and sufficient additional training under California certification laws. She would have had to go back to school, and take a number of methodology courses, to qualify as a teacher in California. Instead, she became the attendance secretary at the local high school. And a whole generation of local students came to appreciate the gracefulness of her discipline, and years later would greet her as Mrs. Wetherall when crossing paths with her in town.

5.22 Severns-Anstine

Lennie Lee (Anstine) and William Archie Severns

Table 5.22   Archie and Lennie (Anstine) Severns family
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 William Archie Severns 12 Nov 1906 2 Jan 1991 84 Seward Co NE Centralia WA Claquato Cem WA Grocer
T 5.2 0 Lennie Lee (Severns) 9 Apr 1910 24 Sep 1997 87 Seward Co NE Centralia WA Claquato Cem WA Teacher
1 Imogene Joyce (LeBaron) 5 Sep 1926 11 Sep 2005 79 Seward Co NE Federal Way WA WA
2 Tex Lee Severns 21 Feb 1934 20 Aug 2006 72 Seward Co NE Seattle WA WA Teacher
3 Billie Rae (Dorland) 30 Nov 1936 Seward Co NE Teacher
  1. Lennie reported that she met Archie when she was a senior in high school 5 years before they married in 1931. Their granddaughter Darci, who wears the "promise ring" Archie gave Lennie, reports that "Lennie left the farm to attend the University of Nebraska to get her teaching certificate. 19 year old Archie put the promise ring on 16 year old Lennie's finger before she left." This would have been about 1926.
    Lennie also reported that Archie, a town boy, took over her father's farming business after his death in 1932. In 1937 the couple moved their family to Washington, where they bought a grocery store. The 1940 census shows Tex as the owner of a general store and Lennie as a store helper.
  2. Lennie reported that her baby sister Imogene was "hers" when their mother died in 1929 (see her autobiographical account below). Imogene married Keith LeBaron of Centralia, Washington in 1945. They lived in Seattle in the Queen Anne neighborhood. They would later live in Hemet, Riverside County, California, then in Federal Way, King County, Washington, where Imogene passed away in 2005. Keith died in Seattle in 2011.
  3. Tex became a teacher after graduating from the University of Washington. He married Eileen M. Greer in King County, Washington, on 8 June 1963, and they had two children, a daughter Darci and a son Blake.
  4. Billie became a teacher after graduating from the University of Washington. She married Donald Arthur Dorland in King County, Washington, on 9 July 1960, and they too had two children, a daughter Paige and a son Ty.


Lennie Severns's family saga

Lennie Lee (Anstine) Severns wrote a brief account of her life for the following publication.

Alma Nix and John Nix, editors
The History of Lewis County, Washington
Chehalis: Lewis County Historical Society, 1985
2 volumes, 464 plus 88 pages.
Hardcover numbered limited edition.
Illustrated with numerous b&w photographs
Volume 2 is a Pictorial Essay.

The following text is a reformatted version of Lennie's story from a text file created from scans of a part of this work and posted on USGenWeb Archives by Wesley Cox in February 2003. Lennie's account is found on page 326 in Part 9 of the 10-part work. The title is mine. The comments in (parentheses) are as received in the scanned version, but the comments in [brackets] are mine.

The photo of Lennie and Archie Severns in the original source was omitted in the USGenWeb Archives extract. The graduation portrait of Lennie, and the snapshots of Lennie, Archie, and Imogene with the children, Tex and Billie, belong to the Severns family. The scans were kindly provided by Lennie's granddaughter, Darci Severns, the Anstine-Severns family historian.

Lennie and Archie with Tex and Billie Lennie, Archie, Tex, and Billie
"We couldn't get Tex
off of that stump"

Circa 1937 possibly in Nebraska
before move to Washington
(Severns Family photo)
Lennie and Archie with Tex and Billie Imogene with Tex and Billie
"Billie always plays with your mouth
when she sucks her thumb
to go to sleep"

Circa 1937 possibly in Nebraska
before move to Washington
(Severns Family photo)

Lennie (Anstine) Severns's story

Charles and Lydia (Baldwin) Anstine were married, February 12, 1908, at Lincoln, Nebraska. They had 4 daughters: Velma (1908-1919), Lennie (myself) (1910-), Aura Dey (1912-1985), and Imogene LeBaron (1926-).

(photo): Lennie and Archie Severns [omitted]

My parents [Lydia Baldwin and Charley Anstine] met in Lincoln [Nebraska] when both were rooming at mom's sister's [Sadie (Baldwin) William's] home. Daddy was a railroad engineer and mom was attending [Lincoln] Business College. Their courtship was brief. The Baldwin family was moving to Spokane, Washington, and refused to let mother stay there because she was not married, even though [in 1907-1908] she was 21 years old. My, how times have changed!

My father and we girls were born and raised in Seward County, Nebraska. Mother and her family were from Kentucky, leaving there when mother was about 18 years old [about 1904].

After my parents' marriage, they left the city (at mom's insistence) to become successful farmers and cattle feeders. They continued to farm until cancer claimed their lives. Mother was 43 [when she died in 1929] and daddy died three years later [in 1932], at age 48. Imogene [born in 1926] was 2 years old and I was nineteen [when mother died]. She was "mine" from that day on.

I rode horseback to attend a two-room country school (grades 1-10), during which time I took private piano and violin lessons. Our small high school in Utica [in Seward County] did not have a music department, so my parents decided to send me to Seward High School where I could continue to study music. After high school, I attended the University of Nebraska, received my teaching certificate, taught 3 years in a one-room country school, and taught piano and violin on weekends.

W.A. "Archie" Severns and I met when I was a senior in high school [in 1926]. We were married five years later in 1931. We took over the farming business after my father's [Charley Anstine's] death. Archie was a town boy and I a country girl. After seven years of farming, he knew it was not the life for him.

By then we had a son, Tex (1934) and a daughter, Billie (1936). Starting a new life was big decision, especially for me, to leave the only home I had ever known. It was a wise decision. We chose Centralia (1937) [in Lewis County, Washington] because Archie had a brother, Ray, in Chehalis [also in Lewis County]. We bought a grocery store on Waunch's Prairie [in Centralia]. We are now retired and still living on Waunch's Prairie.

Our children attended Centralia High School, Centralia College, and the University of Washington [in Seattle]. Both are teachers. Tex and family live in Seattle and he teaches in Kent. Billie and family live in Renton and she teaches in Snoqualmie. Tex and Eileen (Greer) have a daughter, Darci, and a son, Blake.

Billie and Don Dorland have a daughter, Paige, and a son, Ty. We are proud of our children, their spouses, and our grandchildren. Eileen is a Medical Technician and Don is an administrator in Kent High School.

All the men in our family are avid hunters. Our children have cabins at Crystal Mt., not far from the ski area, where they and their families love to ski. It is also a hunter's paradise. The guys have elk and deer antlers to prove it.

We have never regretted coming to the West Coast. We have made some lasting friendships with some very dear people.

By Lennie (Anstine) Severns

[ Written no later than 1985 ]


Darci Severns's tales

Lydia and Charley Anstine's great grandaughter, Darci Severns, recalled a number of tales she heard from her grandmother Lennie (Anstine) Severns, her great aunt Aura (Anstine) Dey, and her mother Eileen (Greer) Severns. Darci is the daughter of Lennie's and Archie's son Tex Severns, who was my 2nd cousin, and so she and I (William O. Wetherall) are 2nd cousins once removed. Darci shared the following account of her memories with me (email, 23 October 2013).

Darci Severns's story

I vaguely remember meeting Claude [Williams, Sadie's son] when I was little, around 40 years ago. He had an apartment in downtown Seattle and my parents took me there.

My mom [Eileen Severns] vaguely remembers meeting Faye [(Anstine) (Mathews) Rebenstorf, Sadie's daughter] and an older woman, she thinks she was one of the "Baldwin girls" [probably Meda (Baldwin) Ure], yet she's not sure. It was in the Spokane area during the 60's. My great aunt Aura (Anstine) Dey lived there with her husband George who was also from the Seward area.

Grandma Lennie liked telling me good stories from Nebraska. I remember her talking about an aunt Sadie [(Baldwin) Williams]. She would tell me how education and music were very important to "Mother", as she referred to Lydia. I knew it was expensive for the family to send her to high school in Seward, yet "Mother put her foot down and Daddy made it happen." I think she drove back and forth to Seward each week with Claude and Faye to go to school. I'm not sure where she lived in Seward during the week, yet I believe they drove a car and Claude taught her how to drive.

I remember her [Grandma Lennie] telling me the barn had running cold water, but not the house. They had a pump on the back porch. If you didn't take care of the animals then you didn't have anything. I know when they left in 1938 they still didn't have indoor plumbing or electricity.

Aura [the Anstine's 3rd daughter] never had children and had a special relationship with my dad and therefore me. She would tell me the "real" stories. How it was hard to get ahead financially being tenant farmers. The animals and farm hands had to be fed before the family. She told me Lennie only weighed 98 pounds when she got pregnant with my dad and wore Aura's dresses during her pregnancy. Aura was always more plump than Lennie.

Aura was a loud, bawdy woman that I loved being around. She told it to you straight. I'm still sad that I was only 16 when she passed. George Dey, blind in 1987, rode a Greyhound bus alone from Spokane to Seattle to deliver to me her wedding ring on my high school graduation. He said she'd made the request right before she died 2 1/2 years prior. I wear the ring every day.


Uncle Charley stories

Charles Andrew Anstine (1883-1932) was the son of a farmer, and he himself became a farmer, in Utica, Seward County, Nebraska. He married Lydia Baldwin, who he had met in Lincoln Nebraska, in 1906, and they were the parents of three daughters when he registered for 2nd draft on 12 September 1918 near the end of the World War or Great War, now know as World War I.

Charles Anstine's enlistment card describes him as a resident of Utica, Seward, Nebraska, 34 and white, a native born citizen and self-employed farmer. He gave Mrs. Lydia Anstine, at the same address, as the name of his nearest relative. The Seward County Local Board official agreed that Charles was short and stout, had brown eyes and light brown hair, and had no obvious disabilities that would have disqualified him from service.

Darci Severns remembers that her grandmother Lennie (Anstine) Severns, and her great aunt Aura (Anstine) Dey, said that Charley "had very small feet and fit into Lydia's shoes. And he could wear her gloves." (Email, 8 November 2013)

Charles Anstine was "Uncle Charley" to William B. Wetherall, who -- especially in his later years -- told his children, including this writer, and a few of his friends, what we children dubbed "Uncle Charley stories".

My dad rarely talked about himself when we, his children, were growing up. He told his Uncle Charley stories late in his life, almost always at the dinner table. He was a disciplinarian when it came to eating. We had to clean our plates. No food was ever thrown out. Failure to eat something on our dinner plates meant eating it the next morning.

Our mother, raised on a farm, shared our father's distaste for waste. She had all manner of ways to remake leftovers into tasty meals. Both of our parents impressed on us the austerity they had experienced when they were growing up.

My dad told his Uncle Charley stories partly out of nostalgia, and partly to impress on us how hard -- but good -- life was in his youth. We knew how he felt about farming, for he always had a huge vegetable garden after moving from San Francisco to Grass Valley in 1955.

While living in San Francisco, we went camping practically every summer and "roughed" it with a tent, sleeping bags, and a Coleman stove and lanterns. After moving to Grass Valley, we never again went camping. In fact, my parents took only two family trips during the years we were growing up in Grass Valley -- in 1958 to Iowa, and in 1959 to Idaho -- both related to family reunions.

William B. Wetherall's 2011 testimony

On 8 March 2011, William B. Wetherall was interviewed at his home by Gregg Schiffner, a local cinematographer and good friend, who was preparing for a presentation of Bill's life at his 100th birthday party. In the course of the interview, Bill talked a bit about his experiences working on his uncle's farm in Nebraska during the summers when he was going to high school.

Gregg wondered if Charley was on his father's side, and my father said yes, and then corrected himself. He was on his mother's side, he said, but he never did clarify that Charley was the husband of his mother's sister Lydia.

He emphatically stated that he had worked on the Nebraska farm 6 summers. The first summer, he said, was after completing the 8th grade of grade school in Knoxville, which agrees with his 2010 oral account to this writer, his son. And he stressed that he had also worked the summer after he graduated from high school, which he hadn't mentioned in 2010.

In 2010, he related that he graduated from the 8th grade in Knoxville in 1924, and from high school in Des Moines in 1928, in what was a conventional 8-4 system. In Knoxville he lived with his paternal grandfather's family, and in Des Moines he lived with his father's new family. This, too, suggests that he worked only 5 summers -- unless he also worked the summer of 1923 (which is possible), or perhaps the summer of 1929 (which is possible but less likely).

In 2011, he did not go into detail about his life on the farm in Nebraska. It started talking about Nebraska in the course of explaining what he did after graduating from high school, and he ended up telling four stories, about (1) his plans to go to college in Iowa the next fall, (2) his work on Charley's farm that summer, (3) Charley's offer of an interest in the farm if he stayed and went to college in Nebraska, and (4) his decision to Idaho instead. And parts of all these stories are confusing.

Though he seemed confused as to when he first worked on Charley's farm, he clearly stated that the first time, someone -- presumably Charley -- came to Knoxville to pick him up, and camped at the fair grounds. "That's what they did in those days," he said. He didn't say how Charley came. Possibly he drove. The distance would have been about 250 miles or 400 kilometers. While not an especially long distance by today's standards, in the early 1920s it would have been a long and arduous day on the road, with a pit stop or two to gas up and check the water and oil, and pray that there be no flat tires, broken fan belt, or blown gasket.

My father said in the 2011 interview that the farm was 360 acres -- "half a section" he added, a section being 640 acres. He said that Charley offered him "a quarter" of the farm or "produce" -- apparently meaning a quarter of the income from the farm, since Charley didn't own the land -- if he would join him on the farm. However, he told his uncle he planned to go to college.

It's not clear from the interview how big Charley's farm was, and I have no idea how large a typical farm in Seward might have been. By the 1920s, it was probably a partly mechanized operation, as by then mechanization was sweeping the country. But many farmers, including Charley, farmed on land belonging to someone else.

My mother was raised on an Idaho farm her grandparents had homesteaded from the late 1890s and her parents then operated until the mid 1920s, about the time my dad began working on Charley's farm in Nebraska. My grandparents sold their farm in the face of rapid mechanization, which radically changed the economics of farming, as the more successful farmers bought up smaller homesteads and merged them into larger mechanized operations.

Tenant farming

The 1900 to 1940 censuses for the Anstine family tell the following story.

1900 census shows Richard and Helen Anstine (Charley is 16) renting farm land.

1910 census shows Charley and Lydia Anstine (Velma is 1-5/12, Lennie is 0) renting farm land.

1920 census shows Charley working as a farmer on his "Own account" as opposed to working for wages.

1930 census shows Charley working as a farmer on his "Own" rather than as an employee. The Anstines have a radio set, but the box stating whether they own or rent their farm home is blank. Half of their farming neighbors owned, and half were renting, their homes.

Charley thus appears to have been a tenant farmer -- which means that he stood to prosper only if production was good and the market was strong. I would guess that he made the offer to my dad in 1928 because he felt his farm would produce enough to make it worth both his and my dad's while.

Having 3 surviving daughters, 2 of them marriageable, the 3rd not yet 2 years old, with Lydia suffering from cancer, Charley was definitely in need of reliable help. I imagine he saw my father -- his nephew-in-law -- as a sort of son, born the year between his 2nd and 3rd daughters, Lennie and Aura. And he must have been impressed by Bill's work during previous summers.

Charley would have understood my father's desire to go to college. Lennie, his daughter, was then going to the University of Nebraska in Lincoln to become a teacher. His suggestion that my father go to college in Lincoln, instead of Penn College in Oskaloosa, Iowa, would have put my father close enough to Seward (30 miles), and the farm in Utica (40 miles), that he could have worked there at least part time.

The depression, triggered by the market crash a couple of months after Lydia's death in 1929, probably contributed to the difficulties Charley had as his own health declined. Lennie married Archie Severns in 1931, and they attempted to make a go of the farm before and after Charley's death from cancer in 1932. But as Lennie relates in her 1985 account (see "Lennie's saga"), they decided to restart their lives in Washington.

Farming life in the 1920s and 1930s

Darci Severns has shared similar stories she recalls hearing from Lennie, her paternal grandmother, and Aura, her paternal great aunt, of life on the Anstine farm in Utica during the 1920s and 1930s.

William B. Wetherall, when telling his Uncle Charley stories, sometimes said the family was poor but they had lots of food and ate well -- and all the food you could eat. He said they had some cows, hogs, and chickens, and his chores included feeding and caring for them every day, begining every morning before breakfast. Other work involved the crops. I can't remember what he said they were. I would guess they grew a little bit of everything, larger crops for sale, smaller crops for family consumption or bartering with neighbors, which included other Anstines.

My dad's work on Charley's farm spanned the mid and late 1920s, before Lydia's death and the Wall Street crash two months later. By the time Charley died, the Great Depression was in full swing, making tenant farming even more difficult.

William B. Wetherall laced his Uncle Charley stories with the idioms of times. "A dollar a day plus found" was a standard refrain, and he often repeated "Found. Food." -- stressing both words -- and sometimes added "All you could eat." Life on the farm was mainly about food, as perhaps life is everywhere.

In the 2011 interview, he said Charley had always given him a little money when he went home at the end of summer. And the last two summer, he had paid him 30 dollars a month, the standard wage for farm labor at the time.


10. Baldwin-Howard

John R. Baldwin and Rebecca and Margaret Howard

Table 10   John R. Baldwin's families with the Howard sisters
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 John R. Baldwin 22 Sep 1828 10 Mar 1909 80 VA KY Wilson Cem Moores Creek KY Farmer Minister
0 Rachel Rebecca Howard 31 Oct 1828 c1853 abt 25 KY VA VA House keeper
1 Elizabeth Letitia (Taylor) 26 Aug 1849 6 May 1930 80 VA KY
2 John Milton Baldwin 9 Oct 1851 29 May 1936 84 VA WY Farmer
3 Mary E. (Lewis) c1853 aft 1870 VA
0 Margaret Anne Howard 1 Sep 1835 3 Jun 1912 46 Lee Co VA Moores Creek KY Wilson Cem Moores Creek KY House keeper
4 William Henley Baldwin 19 Mar 1856 15 Feb 1937 80 VA Stites ID Stites IOOF Cemetery
5 Robert Ewing Baldwin 1858 1942 abt 84 VA KY King Cem KY Farmer
6 Sarah Baldwin 1859 1859 0 VA VA VA
T5 7 Newton Bascum Baldwin 24 Dec 1862 22 Mar 1919 56 Virginia St. Maries ID Woodlawn Cem ID Restaurateur
8 James Alfred Baldwin 23 Apr 1864 21 Aug 1954 90 KY Annville Jackson KY McGee Cem KY Farmer
9 Elihu Joseph Baldwin 6 Oct 1866 1942 75/76 KY TN
10 Henry Clay Baldwin 5 Nov 1867 7 Mar 1950 82 Laurel Co KY Annville Jackson KY Medlock Cem KY Farmer Politician
11 Martha Ann (Moore) 1871 1934 62/63 KY KY
12 George Finley Baldwin 12 Mar 1873 20 May 1946 73 KY Peoples KY King Cem KY Teacher Farmer
13 Samuel L.B. Baldwin 1875 1900 24/25 KY
14 Archelus Fernando Baldwin 20 Jun 1876 21 Feb 1935 58 KY KY Wilson Cem Moores Creek KY Teacher Farmer
15 Charles Nelson Baldwin 2 Sep 1878 31 Jul 1944 65 KY Symbol Laurel Co KY Pilgrims Rest Cem KY Farmer
  1. John Baldwin was one of 4 sons of about 7 children John Milton Baldwin (1792-1855) and Elizabeth Seale (b1806). He may have been a Methodist minister, but if so it was a part-time vocation, for all censuses show him as a farmer.
    John and Rebecca appear to have married around 1848. Both would have been around 20.
    They had 3 children before her death in 1853 or 1854. Her death was possibly due to complications following Mary's birth.
    Both Rebecca and her younger sister Margaret, who John would marry after Rebecca's death, were born in Kentucky to John F. Howard and Elizabeth Mark.
  2. Elizabeth is the only child shown in the 1850 census when she is 1 year old. She reportedly married Jesse Milburn Taylor and had 7 children.
  3. John Milton's namesake seems to have been his paternal grandfather. He reportedly married Verena Marie McCoy and they had at least 12 (possibly 13) children. They seem to have been "Pappy" and "Mammy" in the family.
    John appears with Elizabeth and Mary in the 1860 census after their father married their mother's sister Margaret.
  4. Mary E. is said to have married Zera Thomas Lewis and had 4 children. She appears with Elizabeth and John in the 1860 census after their father had married their mother's sister Margaret. One Baldwin family tree gives her familiar name as "Mollie". Another lists "Mollie" as a child born in 1852 between John and Mary. If there was such a child, then she either died or was adopted out before 1860. The "Mollie = Mary E." contention seems more likely.
  5. Margaret, John's second wife, Rebecca's younger sister by about 10 years, was born in Kentucky.
    John and Margaret married on 13 June 1855 in Harlan, Kentucky (Source: Judith).
    Margaret raised Rebecca's 3 children, and she and John had at least 12 (as many as 14) of their own (see particulars below). Their 1st child, William, was born on 19 March 1856, and their 12th, Charles, was born on 2 September 1878, which works out to about 1 child every 22 months.
    Margaret's death certificate gives her date of birth as 1 December 1835 and states that she died of chronic valvular heart disease. The informant was A.F. Baldwin, presumably her son Archelus Fernando. Her father's name was given as John Howard, birthplace Virginia. Her mother's maiden name was "Do not know" and her mother's birthplace was "Supposed to be Va." The undertaker was James Baldwin -- possibly Margaret's son James Alfred.
  6. William or "Will" reportedly married Nancy Jane Robbins (1860–1945) and they had as many as 12 children. He died in Stites in Idaho County, Idaho.
  7. Robert married Lydia Catron but they had no children. He then married Eliza Jane King (1873-1938) in 1896, and they appear to have had 5 children. She died on 30 May 1938. Robert and Eliza are buried in King Cemetery in Peoples, which is near Annville in Jackson County, Kentucky. Robert's younger brother George married Eliza's younger sister Emeline, and they and their youngest son, Charles, are also buried in King Cemetery. Someone on a Baldwin-family message board has claimed that "Emmaline King's mother was a full blooded Cherokee" (see "King family and Cherokee blood" below).
  8. Sarah appears to have died shortly after she was born. She is the only child in the table who does not appear on a census.
  9. Newton Bascum Baldwin married Martha Ellen Steele, hence the "Baldwin-Steele" family and its descendants (see above).
  10. James married Nancy Ann McGee (1873-1946) and they had at least 8 children. By the 1900 census they had had 3 children of whom 2 survived. By 1910 census 4 of 6 children had survived, and after this they would have at least 2 more surviving children.
    James and Nancy are buried in McGee Cemetery in Jackson County, Kentucky.
    If the "James Baldwin" named on Margaret's death certificate was James Alfred, then it would appear that he was an undertaker as well as a farmer.
  11. Elihu was known as "Joe". He is said to have married Mollie Wilson (1893–1946) and they had 5 children.
  12. Henry Clay was known as "Clay" or "H. Clay". He married Malinda "Linda" ("Lindy") H. Abrams (1880–1950) around 1897 or 1897. They seem to have had 10 children, 2 of whom died in infancy.
    Linda, born on 18 August 1880, died on 16 May 1950 barely 10 weeks after Clay died, and she is buried with him at Medlock Cemetery in Annville in Jackson County, Kentucky.
    Henry Clay Baldwin's namesake was Kentucky's most famous Washington politician -- Congressman, Speaker of the House, and Secretary of State Henry Clay (1777-1852). H. Clay Baldwin himself, though mainly a farmer, served a two-year term as a Republican representative of the 80th District of Kentucky in the State House of Representatives from 1932 to 1933.
    Clay was "Uncle Clay" to Sadie (Baldwin) Williams and her sisters. See "Sadie" (above) for an account of his "southern hospitality" during her visit with him in 1947.
  13. Martha, called "Annie", reportedly married Samuel Moore (1872–1963), with whom she had 5 or 6 children.
  14. George married Emeline King (1875–1961), Eliza's younger sister, in 1898, and they had at least 10 children.
    The 1900 census shows him to be teaching, but later censuses show him as a farmer.
    His death certificate states that he died of heart failure due to over exertion. It says he was born in Tennessee to John Howard, born in Tennessee, and Margaret Howard, born in Virginia. The informant -- signed "Charlie Baldwin" of Peoples, Kentucky -- was probably George's son Charles.
    George and Emeline are buried in King Cemetery in Peoples, which is near Annville, in Jackson County, Kentucky. Charles (1912-2001) and his wife Flora Estridge (1922-2002), George's older brother Robert (1858-1942) and his wife Eliza (1873-1938), are also buried in King Cemetery.
  15. One of Samuel's middle names seems to have been "Berton". He is said to have married Nancy Jane Smith, and apparently they had 3 childred.
  16. Archelus was publicly "Arch". The 1900 census shows Arch (22) living with his parents, John and Margaret. His father was farming but he, like his brother George, was teaching.
    He married Martha Louverna Davis on 8 June 1907. By 1910 they had had 2 children of whom 1 survived, and by 1930 they would have 5 more. The 1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses show him as a farmer.
    Arch and Martha are buried together in Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky.
  17. Charles or "Charlie" was born on 2 September -- in 1877 according to his death certificate, in 1878 according to his draft registration card, and in 1879 according to his headstone at Pilgrims Rest Cemetery in East Bernstadt, Laurel County, Kentucky. He died on 31 July 1944 according to his death certificate, and on 1 August 1944 according to his headstone.
    Charles's 1st confirmable wife was Cinthia Emma McDowell (1879-1916), with whom he had 7 children -- Stella [Stella Jane], Robert [Bob L.], Maggie [Margaret], Coy, Earnest, Eldon, and Maud [Maude, May]. His 2nd confirmable wife was Grace [Nancy G., Grace L.] [Fullington] [Fullerton] (1900-1980), with whom he had at least 5 more. Some reports say he was also married to, or lived with, a Martha Combs, with whom he may or may not have fathered children.
    Census and other data shows that Charles raised his children alone for at least 5 years between his marriages to Emma and Grace (see "Charles Baldwin's three marriages" below).

Baldwin-Howard children

John R. Baldwin seems to have fathered 3 children with his 1st wife, Rebecca Howard, and from 12 to 14 with his 2nd wife, Margaret Howard, Rebecca's younger sister. All of the 15 children listed in the table -- except Sarah -- are found on censuses. Their full names and many other particulars have been culled from various sources but are mostly unconfirmed by documentary evidence.

Margaret Baldwin's children

Rebecca and Margaret were sisters. Rebecca had at least 3 children between 1849-1853. Margaret raised Rebecca's children in addition to the at least 12 she had with John.

"Heaven Sent", whose genealogy research includes the Baldwin line, has posted a scan of Margaret Baldwin's death certificate on the Internet. She also posted the following information about Margaret, which I have slightly edited and reformatted. The numbers, which are those I assigned the children in the above table, and the underscoring of the children who do not appear in the table, are mine.

Margaret Anne Baldwin was the daughter of John F. and Elizabeth Mark Howard. She married John R. Baldwin on 13 June 1855 in Harlan County, Kentucky. God blessed this marriage with the following children: (1) William Henley, (2) Robert Eqing [sic = Ewing], Clayton, Anne, (4) Newton Bascum, (5) James Alfred, (6) Elihu Joseph, (7) Henry Clay, (8) Martha A., (9) George F., (10) Samuel I. B. [sic = L.B.], (11) Archelus Fernando, and (12) Charles Nelson.

Heaven Sent appears to have listed the children in the order of their birth. Only Clayton and Anne are not found on any census. William Henley was born in March 1856 and Robert Ewing around 1858. And Newton Bascum was born in December 1862, James Alfred in April 1864, and all subsequent children only a year or two apart. This leaves roughly 4 years -- 1859-1863 -- between which to bear and lose two children.

Some lists of Baldwin children include a "(3) Sarah", who apparently was born and died in 1859. If "Clayton" and "Anne" or "Sarah" were in fact children of John and Margaret, then they died before the 1860 census (when they would have been about 1 year old), or before the 1870 census (when they would have been going on 10).

The 1900 and 1910 censuses state that Margaret had respectively 14 and 12 children of whom 11 survived. In addition to the children he had with with Margaret, John fathered 3 children (Elizabeth, John, and Mary) with Margaret's older sister Rebecca. A couple of the 14 children reported in the 1900 census may have been Rebecca's.

John R. Baldwin's family in 19th century censuses

The 1850 census for District 31 of Lee County, Virginia, shows John R. Baldwin (22) farming with his wife Rebecca (22) and their daughter Elizabeth (1). Other sheets from the same Lee County census show Margaret (14) still living with her parents, John F. Howard (48) and Elizabeth (38), and 2 older and 5 younger siblings. Rebecca and Margaret are said to have been born in Kentucky.

The 1860 census for the Jonesville post office area of the Western District of Lee County, Virginia, shows the family of "John R. Balwin" [sic = Baldwin] (31), Farmer, "Margret" [sic = Margaret] (22), Housekeeper, Elisabeth L. [sic Elizabeth L.] (10), John M. (8), Mary E. (7), Wm. H. (4), Robbert E. [sic = Robert E.] (3), and Thos. N. (16), Farm labor. Everyone -- including Margaret -- are said to have been born in Lee [county] in Washington, Virginia.

Elizabeth, John, and Mary are Rebecca's children. William and Robert are Margaret's children. "Thos. N." is Thomas Newton Baldwin (b1843), John R. Baldwin's younger brother.

Neighboring Baldwin families in 1900 and 1910 censuses

The first two censuses of the 20th century show several children of the Baldwin-Howard family living as adults in separate households next door to each other.

1900 census

The 1900 census for the 3rd Magisterial District, Pond Creek, of Jackson County, Kentucky shows -- on the same enumeration sheet -- three Baldwin households in a row.

  1. 1st Baldwin household   John R. Baldwin (71), head, born September 1828, farming, his wife Margaret Baldwin (64), and their 6th son, Arch [Archelus Fernando] Baldwin (22), teaching.
    John and Margaret had been married for 46 (or 47) years (the correction of the second digit is unclear), and she had borne 14 children of whom 11 survived.
  2. 2nd Baldwin household   George Baldwin (27), Arch's older brother, teaching, his wife Emaline [sic = Emeline] (24), and their 2 sons.
    George and Emma had been married for 2 years, and both of the children Emeline had borne survived.
    The 1910 census shows George (38) and Emma (34) living in Horse Lick in Jackson County with all 7 of the children Emma had borne by then. Both of George's parents are said to have been born in Virginia.
    The 1930 census shows George (56) and Emiline [sic = Emeline] (54) still in the Rock Castle River area of Horse Lick with three children, all born after 1910.
  3. 3rd Baldwin householdN.B. Baldwin (38), George's and Arch's older brother, farming, with Ellen (36) and all 4 of their daughters.
    N.B. and Ellen had been married for 18 years, and all 4 of their children survived. See "Chronology of Baldwin-Steele family through censuses" below for details.

John died in 1909, after which Margaret would live with a grandson next door to the households of other sons.

1910 census

The 1910 census for the 3rd Magisterial District of Jackson County, Kentucky shows shows Margaret Baldwin living in the family of a grandson apparently next door to the households of two of her other sons. All three families were living on Terrell Creek Road, which was listed after Pond Creek Road.

  1. 1st Baldwin household   H. Clay Baldwin (42), a farmer, his wife Malinda (29), and the 4 surviving of the 5 children she had borne in their 11 years of marriage.
  2. 2nd Baldwin household   Charley Baldwin (30), a farmer, his wife Emma (29), and all 5 of the children she had borne in their 11 years of marriage. The youngest child is a 1-month-old nameless son who became Earnest.
    The 1930 census shows Charles Baldwin (51), a farmer, 19 when first married, with Grace (30), 18 when first married, and 7 children aged 19, 17, 14, 8, 6, 3, and 1-6/12. The youngest 4 children were probably Charles's children with Grace, assuming they married around 1918. On his 12 September 1918 draft registration card, Charles shows "Stella Baldwin" -- his daughter and first child with Cinthia Emma -- as his nearest relative. The census shows them living in Brodhead in Rockcastle County, Kentucky.
    1. Brodhead in Rockcastle County is close to the Horselick Creek area in Jackson County where the Rockcastle River divides the two counties.
  3. 3rd Baldwin household   Bradley Baldwin (21), a farmer, his wife Maude (20), childless after 1 year of marriage, and Bradley's grandmother Margaret (78), widowed, a mother of 12 children of whom 11 survived. I have not been able to determine which of Margaret's son's was Bradley's father. I cannot find him or Maude in 1900 or 1920 censuses.
    1. Bradley's 5 June 1917 draft registration card states that he was born on 20 February 1888 in Moores Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky. His self-proclaimed occupation was "Farming & Teaching" and he was married.
    Unlike the 1910 census, the 1930 and 1940 censuses show Maude to be 2 years older than Bradley. The 1930 census shows Bradley Baldwin (42), Maud [sic] (44), and Martha Mathews (11), a niece. Their "Age at first marriage" was Bradley 20, Maude 22. He was working as a farmer on a general farm. The 1940 census shows Bradley Baldwin (52) and Maude (54). Both had completed 8 years of grade school. He was classified as a "tiple [sic = tipple] worker" at coal mines.
    1. The tipple of a mine is where coal or ore extracted from the mine is loaded onto railroad hopper cars or other vehicles for transport.


King family and Cherokee blood

The Baldwin and King families of Jackson County, Kentucky, appear to have been socially as well as geographically close. Two Baldwin-Howard sons, Robert and George Baldwin, married King-Nichols daughters, Eliza and Emeline, and many King-related Baldwins are buried in the King Cemetery in Peoples in Jackson County.

Someone posting to a Baldwin message board claimed that "Emmaline King's mother was a full blooded Cherokee." The claim was made in reference to the wife of George F. Baldwin, a son of John R. Baldwin and Margaret Howard.

The 1870 and 1880 censuses do not support the "Cherokee" thesis.

The 1870 and 1880 censuses had 5 "Color" classifications -- White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), and Indian (I).

1870 censuses for Eliza's and Emeline's parents

The 1870 census for Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky, shows "Woodson T." (23), a farm laborer, as the oldest of 5 children still at home with "George W. King" (53), a farmer, born in Tennessee, and "Tabitha" (53), keeping house, born in Virginia. Everyone in the family is classified "W" under "Color".

The 1870 Pond Creek census also shows "Josephine" (18) as the 3rd of 9 children of "R.E. Nichols" (62), born in North Carolina, and "Emaline" [sic] (44), born in Tennessee. Everyone in the family is classified "W" under "Color".

1880 census for Eliza and Emeline with their parents

The 1880 census for "Ex. Dist. No. 57" of "Precinct No. 7" of Jackson County, Kentucky, shows "Eliza J." (6) and "Emaline" [sic] (5) among 3 other children of "Woodson T. King (33), a laborer, and "Josephine" (30), keeping house. The census states that Woodson was born in Tennessee to Tennessee-born parents, while Josephine was born in Kentucky to a father born in North Carolina and a Kentucky-born mother. Everyone in the family is classified "W" under "Color".

Josephine, born in 1851, died on 22 January 1941. Josephine's mother, Emeline Shiplett, born in Tennessee in 1835, died in Pulaski County, Kentucky, on 15 January 1905.

Woodson T. (1846-1931) and Josephine (1951-1941) share an erect King headstone in King Cemetery in Peoples in Jackson County, where both Eliza and Emeline are buried as "Baldwins" with "K" middle initials.

Cherokee blood

As for the "full blooded Cherokee" allegation -- the census "Color" classifications prove nothing. However, in the absence of positive evidence of Cherokee ancestry, the census classifications weigh against the claim that Josephine (much less her mother) was an Indian.

One would think that a "full blooded" Indian of any tribal origin would have been physically distinct, and that -- according to the racialist principles of the "Color" classification scheme -- someone who was known to be a "full blooded" Indian would have been classified as an Indian, and that halfbreeds would have been classified as Mulatto.

Indians were not racially identified in the 1790-1840 censuses, which classified people by their status and/or color.

1810 Free whites, All other free persons, Slaves
1820 Free whites, Slaves, Free colored persons, All others except Indians not taxed
1830 Free white persons, Slaves, Free colored persons
1840 Free white persons, Free colored persons, Slaves
1850 Color White, black, or mulatto
1860 Color White, black, or mulatto
1870 Color White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I)
1880 Color White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I)
1890 Color or Race Whether white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian
1900 Color or Race Whether white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian

The 1850 and 1860 censuses were the first to identify people by color -- white, black, or mulatto. 1870 and 1880 censuses added Chinese and Indian, and the 1890 and 1900 censuses added added quadroon, octoroon, and Japanese.

The 1850 and subsequent censuses included "Indians" living in the general population. Most Indians in the general population were citizens of the United States, unlike the "non-taxed" Indians who lived on reservations or were otherwise enrolled as members of a Federally-recognized tribe and under tribal jurisdiction. Such Indians, who were nationals but not citizens, did not become citizens until the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924.

Whether someone was tallied as "Indian" or as something else depended a lot on the enumerator, the community, the family, and the person. Indians in some southern states were apt to be classified as "mulatto", especially if they were perceived as being mixed, as the word was broadly used to mean anyone of mixed race. But an Indian might also be classified as "black" or "white" depending on perceptions. Some people who might have been classified as other than "white" passed as white, or were said to be white by their families.

Not a few family-tree genealogy enthusiasts search "in vain" as it were for blood ties with history's famous and infamous, or with yesteryear's victims of discrimination and oppression. States like Kentucky -- through which many Cherokee passed after the Indian Removal Act of 1830 -- especially on the mass exodus in 1838 along the fabled "Trail of Tears" -- are supposed to have witnessed many unions between Cherokees and whites and blacks.

Update On 7 July 2017, a member of the Baldwin Genealogy group on Facebook, of which I became a member from 22 November 2018, posted a image from an Ancestry.com message board stating that "Emmaline King's mother was a full-blooded Cherokee." Judith Baldwin Campbell replied that "My gr gr grandmother was Josephine Nichols, mother of Emiline (Shiplett) King. My line is via Eliza Jane King, sister to Emiline, and wife of Robert E., Baldwin. Ancestry shows no Indian in me. However if you had seen my grandfather, her son you would swear to differ, but no Indian shown for me on Ancestry dna testing."


Charles Baldwin's marriages

Some great grandchildren of Charles Nelson Baldwin (1878-1944) have reported that their grandparents -- his children with his 1st and 2nd confirmable wives, Cinthia Emma McDowell (1879-1916) and Grace [Nancy G., Grace L.] [Fullington] [Fullerton] (1900-1980) -- didn't know much about their half-siblings owing to their differences in age.

Some of the children born to Emma between 1899-1916, and some of those born to Grace between 1922 and the late 1930s or early 1940s, either had had little or no contact with each other. Moreover, Emma's youngest children were too young when she died to remember her, and Grace's youngest were too young when Charles died to remember him.

Charles Baldwin and his families in censuses

Census and other data reveal the following information about Charles Nelson Baldwin (1878-1940).

  1. The 1900 census shows "Charley Baldwin" (21), a farmer, born September 1878, with "Cinthia" (20), born August 1880, and a daughter, Stella (8/12), born September 1889, the only child Cinthia had borne at the time.
  2. The 1910 census shows "Charley Baldwin" (30), a farmer, his wife Emma (29), Stella (8), and the 4 other children Emma had borne by then -- the youngest a nameless 1-month-old son who became Earnest.
  3. Cinthia Emma McDowell, born on 28 August 1879, died on 3 March 1916, apparently after gall bladder surgery..
  4. On his 12 September 1918 draft registration card, Charles wrote his name "Charles Nelson Baldwin" but signed as "C. N. Baldwin". He stated he was born in Bond, Jackson, Kentucky, on 2 September 1878, and was a self-employed farmer in Bond. He also said that his nearest relative was "Stella Baldwin, daughter" of Bond. He was of medium height and build, and had brown hair and eyes and no obviously disqualifying disabilities.
  5. The 1920 census shows "Clarlie Baldwin" (49) [sic = 41], a farmer, widowed, living in Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky, with 7 children, ranging from Stella (19) to Maud (5-0/12). All 4 older children, from Stella (19) to Coy (14), are farm laborers on a home farm.
    1. Stella Jane Baldwin married Charlie Carmack on 17 February 1920 in Bond, Jackson County, Kentucky. She died on 30 November 1973 and is buried in Providence Cemetery in Quail in Rockcastle County, Kentucky. Charlie, born 22 March 1900, date of death unknown, and some of their children, are also buried in Providence Cemetery.
  6. The 1930 census shows "Charles Baldwin" (51), a farmer, 19 when first married, with his wife "Grace" (30), 18 when first married, and 7 children, aged 19, 17, 14, 8, 6, 3, and 1-6/12, living in Brodhead in Rockcastle County, Kentucky.
    1. The older 3 children are Emma's. The 3rd oldest, 14 in 1930, would have been born in 1916, the year Emma died
    2. Grace, born on 2 March 1990, appears to have first married between 1918 and 1919. Since she and Charles were married after the 1920 census, apparently it was also her 2nd marriage. If all of the 4 younger children in the 1930 census are theirs, then they most likely married around 1921.
  7. Charles and Grace had a 4th child in 1930. An obituary for William Franklin "Big d" Baldwin of Paris, Ohio, who died on 16 October 2012, states that he was born on 19 December 1930 in Laurel, Kentucky to "C. N. 'Charlie' and Grace Fullerton Baldwin". However, some other records give his mother's maiden name as "Grace Fullington".
  8. I cannot find a matching Charlie and Grace Baldwin in the 1940 census, in which the youngest 3 of the 4 younger children in the 1930 census, and William, born in 1930, should still have been living with them.
  9. "Charles N. Baldwin" died in Symbol, Laurel County, Kentucky, on 31 July 1944 from a cardiac disease. He was born in Terrels Creek and was a farmer, according to the informant, an H.N. Reese of Symbol, Kentucky, who did not know the names of Charles's parents. He was married, his wife's name was "Grace Baldwin", and she was 44 at the time of his death.

Pilgrims Rest Cemetery in East Bernstadt, Laurel County, Kentucky, has two similarly designed flat headstones for the following Baldwins.

CHARLEY N. BALDWIN / SEPT. 2, 1879 / AUG. 1, 1944


Baldwin-Howard gallery

The following photographs of members of the Baldwin-Howard family are copped (and some cropped) from images posted on Ancestry.com. By default, all images have been attributed to Ancestry.com, except those for which I have been able to confirm the identity of the photographer and/or scanner by direct email contact. The colors of some of the received images appear to have been doctored if not entirely changed by a photo editor. In principle, my own scans are unaltered versions of 24-bit color scans that show the photographs as they looked at the time they were scanned.

John R. Baldwin and Margaret Howard

John R. Baldwin John R. Baldwin (1828-1909)
with Margaret Howard (1835-1912)
(Occasion, place, date unknown)
(Ancestry.com photo)
John's children with Rebecca
   1. Elizabeth Letitia 1849-1930 Taylor
*  2. John Milton       1851-1936
   3. Mary E.          c1853-aft1870 Lewis
John's children with Margaret
   4. William Henley    1856-1937
   5. Robert Ewing      1858-1942
   6. Sarah             1859-1859
   7. Newton Bascum     1861-1919
*  8. James Alfred      1864-1954
*  9. Elihu Joseph      1866-1942
* 10. Henry Clay        1867-1950
  11. Martha Ann        1871-1934 Moore
* 12. George Finley     1873-1946
  13. Samuel L.B.       1875-1900
* 14. Archelus Fernando 1876-1935
  15. Charles Nelson    1878-1944
*   Photographs in gallery

John Milton Baldwin

James Alfred Baldwin and Nancy McGee

Elihu Joseph Baldwin

John Milton Baldwin John Milton Baldwin (1851-1936)
(Occasion, place, date unknown)
(Ancestry.com photo)
James Alfred Baldwin James Alfred Baldwin (1864-1954)
with Nancy Ann McGee (1873-1946)
(Occasion, place, date unknown)
(Ancestry.com photo)
Elihu Joseph Baldwin Elihu Joseph Baldwin (1866-1942)
(Occasion, place, date unknown)
(Ancestry.com photo)

Henry Clay Baldwin

Henry Clay Baldwin as politician Representative H.C. Baldwin
Kentucky, 71st District, 1896-1897
(C.W. Baldwin Family)
Representative Henry Clay Baldwin Representative H. Clay Baldwin
Kentucky, 80th District, 1932-1933
(C.W. Baldwin Family photo)
Henry Clay and Linda Baldwin Henry Clay and Linda Baldwin
In their later years
(C.W. Baldwin Family photo)

The pink image -- its color as received -- appears to be a machine copy of another copy of a scrapbook page of memorabilia related to Henry Clay Baldwin's earliest political activities. The scan is large enough to read the text if you display only the image in your browser.

H.C. Baldwin

Henry Clay Baldwin (1867-1950), though mainly a farmer, was also a teacher, lawyer, and legislator, according to Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century, published in 1898 (right). The same who's who publication includes W. Godfrey Hunter, who H.C. Baldwin knew as Dr. W.G. Hunter (below). It also includes several other politicians who played key roles in the 1897 fight in the Kentucky General Assembly over who would fill a vacant senatorial seat in Washington.

In 1895, H.C. Baldwin, as a Republican from Owsley County, was elected to the State House of Representatives as the representative of the 71st District of Kentucky for the 1896-1897 term. In 1931, he was elected as a Republican from Jackson County to represent the 80th District for the 1932-1933 term. At some point, H.C. Baldwin also ran for the office of County Attorney for Jackson County. Jackson County, immediately to the west of Owsley County, was originally formed out of Owsley County in 1858.

The 1880 census shows "Henry C." (12) living in Jackson County with his parents, "John R. Baldwin" (51) and "Margaret" (44), his older brother "Newton B. Baldwin" (19), and younger siblings, brothers James A. (16) and Elihur J. (13), sister Martha A. (9), and brothers George F. (7), Samuel L. B. (5), Archelus F. (3), and Charles N. (8/12). Henry, his father, and all his older brothers are enumerated as laborers, presumably on farms or in coal mines.

H.C. Baldwin, if a school teacher for 7 years before his election in 1895, apparently began teaching from about 1888, when he would have been around 20 or 21 years old. He seems to have married Malinda Abrams about 1898 (1900 census), shortly after his 1896-1897 stint in the state legislature, when he was 29 and Linda was 17 (1930 census). However, the 1940 census shows "Clay Baldwin" (72) and "Linda" (59) as having completed only 6 years of education.

Dr. W. G. Hunter

W.G. Hunter, W. Godfrey Hunter, or more fully Whiteside Godfrey Hunter (1841-1917), was born in Ireland and migrated to the United States in 1858. He studied medicine in Philadelphia and served as a surgeon in the Union Army during the Civil War, when he settled in Kentucky. After the war, he served in the Kentucky State House of Representatives in Frankfort, before becoming active in national politics as a Republican.

Hunter was a Republican representative for Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives in the 50th Congress (1887-1889) [3rd Congressional District of Kentucky], the 54th Congress (1895-1897) [3rd District], and the 58th Congress (1903-1905) [11th District]. He was defeated in the 1892 and 1896 congressional representative elections.

When Kentucky failed to elect a congressional senator in 1896, he became a contender in the 1897 fight in the Kentucky General Assembly over who would fill the vacant senatorial seat in Washington. Despite the support of H.C. Baldwin and others, he failed to get the nod. But U.S. President William McKinley (1843-1901), America's 25th president, who had supported Hunter's bid for the senatorial post, appointed him to serve as America's Minister to Guatemala, a position he held from 1897 to 1902, a year after McKinley's assassination during the 1st year of his 2nd term.

The senatorial fight in Kentucky

During the winter and into the spring of 1896-1897, the political chaos in Frankfort, Kentucky, captured headlines in newspapers across the United States, from The New York Times to The San Francisco Call (see examples of stories from their March editions to right).

In 1896, an incumbent Democratic senator from Kentucky, Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn (1838-1918), sought re-election to a 3rd term, against St. John Boyle, a Republican. Though the Kentucky legislature was evenly divided between Democrats and Republicans, Blackburn -- a "free silver" Democrat -- was not supported by a number of "gold" Democrats. And some Republicans crossed their party's metal line to vote for "silverite" Democrats. Boyle himself, for this and other reasons, lacked the full support of other Republicans.

Republican Poster 1896 Republican campaign poster
blaming unemployment on Democrats

Lampooning free silver as benefiting only
poor countries where labor was cheap

Color line

The color of one's "political mettle" was important in the 1896 election. The economic panic of 1893 had plunged the United States into a stubborn depression. Democrats advocated continuing the bimetallic policy introduced in 1873, according to which silver was as good as gold as a standard for monetary exchange. Republicans, blaming the depression on the freeing of silver, held that recovery would come only by returning to gold as the sole standard for determining monetary value.

In the meantime, W. Godfrey Hunter, an incumbent Republican representative from Kentucky, became the stronger Republican contender, and he might have swept the General Assembly vote -- if there had been elections. But Blackburn and his Democratic Party cronies -- including some "thugs" with bowie knives and revolvers -- prevented elections from being held, and William O'Connell Bradley (1847-1914) -- Kentucky's first Republican governor (1895–1899) -- called in state troops to preserve order in the state capitol.

When March 1897 came and no one had yet been elected to the vacated senatorial post, Governor Bradley convened a special session of the General Assembly and appointed Andrew T. Wood (d1915), also known as A.T. Wood, to fill the vacancy if the assembly didn't elect someone. But Blackburn's supporters continued to find ways to obstruct and delay elections, and by 16 March, Bradley declared martial law.

The determination of Democrats to keep the senatorial seat Democratic was partly motivated by the election in 1896 of McKinley, a Republican, to the presidency. The same election had also unseated a few Democrats in favor of Republicans in Kentucky's legislature, which increased the odds that Republicans, with the support of gold Democrats, would be able to send a Republican senator to Washington.

During the extraordinary session, W. Godfrey Hunter continued to be a strong contender. By then, President McKinley, and Mark Hanna (1837-1904), the Republican industrialist and Senator from Ohio who had managed McKinley's campaign opposing silverists, urged Bradley to elect a senator through the General Assembly rather than make an appointment. And they viewed Hunter as the most electable Republican candidate.

Though he nearly won the majority in a couple of votes, W. Godfrey Hunter was suspected by some Republicans of being a silverite, who despite his last minute support of gold, might vote for silver. In the end, Hunter withdrew, and the Republicans nominated William Joseph Deboe (1849-1927), who won the majority vote and went to Washington to serve the 1897-1903 senatorial post.

Enter H.C. Baldwin

According to the newspaper article in the pink document (above), H.C. Baldwin's switching of his vote from an unnamed candidate to W.G. Hunter was cause for considerable celebration. But the celebration was momentary, for Hunter was unable to win the majority and dropped out. Baldwin, if following the logic of his speech when voting for Hunter, probably then supported Defoe.

The memorabilia contain three items.

1. An unidentified newspaper article, probably clipped from a local Kentucky paper in the spring of 1897. The article reads as follows (my transcription, underscoring, and [bracketed] remarks).

          Senator Baldwin's Efforts
Mr. Baldwin spoke in substance as follows:
   Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Joint Assembly; I desire to explain my vote. For weeks and weeks we have been standing here with the eyes not only of our grand old Commonwealth, but the nation at large, turned on us. The time has come for us to act. I do not regret the action that I have taken, because I have heretofore been voting my own sentiments, because Dr. Hunter was not my choice, but recently I have heard from my people. That grand man that we elected President of the United States [William McKinley] at the late [presidential] election [in 1896] demands that we elect a Senator. His administration depends on a Senator from Kentucky, and our grand old Commonwealth demands that we should elect a Senator and get down to business and pass such laws as are needed at this session of the General Assembly.
   Not only does the welfare of this country depend upon the action of this General Assembly, and the wheels of every industry in all this land of ours stand motionless in anxious expectation for speedy action at our hands. Feeling it my duty as an humble member of the party to which I belong to lay aside whatever personal preference that I might have for other men of my party, and guided alone by a patriotic impulse of love for my country and this grand old Commonwealth of Kentucky, and in obedience to the command of my constituents and those that are near and dear to me, and the desires of the Republican party throughout this nation, and for the purpose of harmony in our party, and to unfetter the hands of our National Administration, and to relieve the tax-ridden people of own Commonwealth from further cost on account of our delay, and for these reasons I want to cast my vote for the people's choice, Dr. W. G. Hunter.

          Wild Excitement Followed
   For five minutes after Mr. Baldwin finished the wildest excitement prevailed. Cheer after cheer went up. Men threw their hats into the air and pounded the desks and yelled like demons. The ladies clapped their hands and waved.

2. A sketch of H.C. Baldwin by an artist name Greer that apparently accompanied article.

[ Sketch by Greer ]
The brave man who opened the way for Republican victory.

3. Campaign handbill (Front: Photograph, Back: Text)

[ Photograph ]
County Attorney of Jackson County.

   I am a candidate for County Attorney of Jackson county subject to the action of the Republican party, at the coming primary. As to my morality and qualifications, inquire about me. I have always voted for the principles of the Republican party, and for the best men, regardless of popularity. If elected I will serve the people to the best of my ability. I will oppose all unfair and unjust claims. I may not see each of you personally, but any aid that you will give me will be highly appreciated.
          H. Clay Baldwin

"My device will be my picture."

Clay Baldwin card Clay Baldwin card

H. Clay Baldwin publicity card for 10 April 1909 primary election
Scans of original card in Wetherall Family Collection

The pencil note -- "(Teacher) / My great uncle" -- is in the hand of my father, William B. Wetherall. Henry Clay Baldwin was a younger brother of WBW's maternal grandfather, Newton Bascum Baldwin.

The card was probably among the Baldwin-Steele family detritus that WBW recevied from his maternal aunt, Bascum and Ellen Baldwin's oldest daughter Sadie (Baldwin) Williams, who seems to have been the custodian of Baldwin-Steele photographs and documents after Ellen died.

The message on the back of the above card -- promoting H. Clay Baldwin's bid to become the Republic Party candidate for County Attorney of Jackson County, in Kentucky -- speaks for itself.

American  Biography of 19th Century Thomas William Herringshaw, ed,
Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century
American Publishers' Association
Chicago, Illinois, 1898 (1st ed.)
(Archive.org scan)

Henry Clay Baldwin Henry Clay Baldwin
(Herringshaw 1898, page 72)

W. Godfrey Hunter W. Godfrey Hunter
(Herringshaw 1898, page 33)

W. Godfrey Hunter W. Godfrey Hunter
1887-1888, 50th Congress
(Library of Congress scan)

The New York Times
Friday, 12 March 1897
(New York Times scan) Fight in Kentucky Fight in Kentucky Fight in Kentucky

The San Francisco Call
Wednesday, 31 March 1897
(UC Riverside CDNC scan) Kentucky Senatorial Fight

George Finley Baldwin and Emeline King with children

Archelus Fernando Baldwin

George Finley Baldwin George Finley Baldwin (1873-1946)
with wife Emeline King (1875–1961) and 9 children as of about 1913
(Ancestry.com photo)
Archelus Fernando Baldwin Archelus Fernando Baldwin (1876-1935)
(Ancestry.com photo)

The children of George and Emeline Baldwin

There are 9 children in the George and Emeline Baldwin family portrait. However, the 1910 and 1930 censuses show that they had at least 10 children -- 7 boys and 3 girls -- 5 boys and 2 girls in the 1910 census, and 2 boys and 1 girl in the 1930 census. I have not yet found them in a 1920 census.

So which children are in the portrait? And when was it taken?

Considering the information in the two censuses and other data, one can estimate the differences of the children's ages -- i.e., the gaps between their births in years and months (see table below). Considering their age differences together with their birth order and sex, I would say that the portrait was taken early in 1913, a few months after the birth of Charles, and a few years before the birth of Ada. This requires viewing both of the children on George's and Emeline's laps as George (Jr.) and Charles.

If this reasoning is correct, then the identities of the children in the portrait would be as follows, left to right, birth order in (parentheses).

Back   Amos (5), Gertrude (3), Cecil (1), James (2), Armina (4)
Front   Quinton (6), George on lap (8), Howard (7), and Charles on lap (9)

The lists of children on the two censuses do not overlap. The 1910 census lists 7 born before the 1910, and the 1930 census lists 3 children born between 1910 and 1920. The largest gap is between the last two children, Charles (1912) and Ida (1916).

The following table shows the names and ages of the children in the two censuses, which list the children from oldest to youngest. The birth-order numbers are mine. I calculated the birth years from the census data, and the age differences from the most detailed birth dates available. The more detailed birth and death dates, and the name variations, are from Ancestor.com and other on-line sources. The discrepancies are par for such data sources. The accuracy of such data cannot be taken for granted.

Known children of George and Emeline Baldwin

Source of data

    Census        Calculated  Various other sources
                  Year born   Birth date  Death date
 #  Name      Age Gap yr-mo   dy mo yr    dy mo yr   Name

1910 census
 1. Cecil J.   11 c1899 1-1     Jan 1899        1930 Cecil J. Baldwin
 2. James F.   10 c1900 1-2   9 Feb 1900        1970 James Franklin Baldwin
 3. Gertrude    9 c1901 1-4   1 Mar 1901  7 Sep 2001 Gertrude "Trudy" Schell
 4. Amos V.     7 c1903  3   14 Aug 1902 15 Jan 1980 Amos V. Baldwin
 5. Arminie     5 c1905  2          1905  7 Aug 1959 Armina
 6. Quenton     3 c1907  1          1907  1 Jan 1987 Quinton R. Baldwin
 7. Howard K.   2 c1908  3          1908 10 Jan 1973 Howard K. Baldwin
1930 census
 8. George Jr. 18 c1912 1-4  20 May 1911        1986 George C. Baldwin
 9. Charles    17 c1913 4-1  20 Sep 1912 15 Apr 2001 Charles Baldwin
10. Ada        13 c1917      14 Oct 1916        1983 Ada Mary


Chronology of Baldwin-Steele family through censuses

5. Newton Bascom Baldwin and Martha Ellen Steele

The Baldwin-Steele family descends from at least England, Scotland, Ireland, and France through several American colonies and territories including New York (NY), Massachusetts (MA), Virginia (VA), Tennessee (TN), and Kentucky (KY).

Baldwin line down to Baldwin-Steele union

The Baldwin line seems to have migrated from Ireland to Virginia in the late 18th century. The following reconstruction is based and various reports of very uneven quality. Only information from John R. Baldwin on down has benefited from inspection of census and other civil records.

The smaller 1st number represents the ancestral generation "n" counted back in time from my own generation taken as n = 0. Accordingly, my parents are n = 1 (1. Wetherall-Hardman), their parents are n = 2 (including 2. Wetherall-Baldwin), and their grandparents are n = 3 (including 5. Baldwin-Steele).

The larger 2nd number represents the family number counting from the union of my parents (1. Wetherall-Hardman). These numbers are the basis for the numbers assigned all family tables on this website. See the Wetherall families section of the "Wetherall family history" page on this website for a table showing how this numbering scheme works for 6 ancestral generations of the Wetherall-Hardman family.

  1. 160. Baldwin-Gore
    Unknown Baldwin
    Mary Ann Gore (birth and death unknown)
    Reportedly the mother of James Baldwin.
  2. 80. Baldwin-Ferrel
    James Baldwin (b1752 Ireland, dc1800-1802 VA)
    Elizabeth Ferrell (b1754 Ireland, d1835 TN)
    Migrated from Ireland to Virginia and married nlt 1772.
    Whether they married before or after they migrated is unknown.
  3. 40. Baldwin-Newberry
    John Baldwin (b1772 VA, d1840 TN)
    Elizabeth Newberry (b1785 VA, d1820 TN Note
    John Baldwin was the 3rd (4th) of 11 (12) children and the 1st of 3 sons.
  4. 20. Baldwin-Seale
    John Milton Baldwin (b1792, d Nov 1855)
    Elizabeth Seale (b1806 VA) Note
    Married 1825 VA.
    John Milton Baldwin was the 1st of 11 children including 6 sons.
  5. Note that one, the other, or both of the birth years received for
    Elizabeth Newberry and John Milton Baldwin seem to be wrong,
    as they imply that she bore him when she was 7 years old.
  6. 10. Baldwin-Howard
    John R. Baldwin (b 21 Sep 1828 VA, d 10 Mar 1909 KY)
    1st wife Rebecca Howard (b 31 Oct 1828 KY, d c1853 VA)
    2nd wife Margaret Howard (b 1 Dec 1835 KY, d 3 Jun 1912 KY)
    John R. Baldwin was one of about 7 children including 4 sons.
    He may have been a Methodist minister, but if so it was a part-time vocation, for all censuses show him as a farmer.

    Rebecca and Margaret were sisters. Rebecca had at least 3 children between 1849-1853. Margaret bore at least 11 children between 1857-1880. She also raised Rebecca's children. The 1900 census states that Margaret had 14 children of whom 11 survived. The 1910 census states she had 12 of whom 11 survived. A couple of the 14 children counted in the 1900 census may have been Rebecca's.
    In 2010 and 2011, when 99 and 100 years old, William B. Wetherall recalled from deep within his generally accurate memory that the names of his maternal great grandparents were John Baldwin and Margaret Howard, while those of his maternal great grandparents were Jonas Steele and Elizabeth Grubb. He had no family records of any kind other than his own birth certificate. While he said very little to us about his ancestors, he had clearly learned and remembered quite a bit about them from his relatives, most likely his grandmother Ellen Baldwin, his aunt Sadie Williams, and his cousin Faye Rebenstorf.
  7. 5. Baldwin-Steele
    Newton Bascum Baldwin (b 24 Dec 1862 VA, d 22 Mar 1919 ID)
    Martha Ellen Steele (b 14 Oct 1863 KY, d 27 Apr 1943 ID)
    Married 5 December 1880 probably in Jackson County, Kentucky.
    N. Bascum Baldwin was John R. Baldwin's 6th child and Margaret's 3th child assuming that John R. fathered 3 children with Rebecca and 11 with Margaret.

Steele line down to Baldwin-Steele union

See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett an account of the Steele line of the Steele-Grubb from which the Baldwin-Steele family partly descends, and the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.

Baldwin-Steele family in 1860 to 1940 censuses
1860 1870 1880 1900 1910 1920 1925 1930 1940
N. Bascum
Born 1862 Sturgeon
Pond Creek
Pond Creek
St. Maries
N. Bascum died in 1919. M. Ellen then lived in St. Maries, then in Nebraska, and then in St. Maries, in each place with a daughter.
M. Ellen
Born 1863 Jofields
Pond Creek
St. Maries
St. Maries

See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett for a look at the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line of the Baldwin-Steele family with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.

Baldwin-Steele chronology

1860 census for the Jonesville post office area of the Western District of Lee County, Virginia shows the family of "John R. Balwin" [sic = Baldwin] 31, Farmer, "Margret" [sic = Margaret] 22, Housekeeper, Elisabeth L. 10, John M. 8, Mary E. D. 7, Wm. H. 4, Robbert E. 3, and Thos. N. 16, Farm labor. All are shown to have been born in Lee [county] in Washington, Va.

Elizabeth Letitia Baldwin (1849–1930), John Milton Baldwin (1851–1936), and Mary E. Baldwin (1853-1870) were John R. Baldwin's children with Rebecca (Howard) Baldwin (1828-1854).

William Henley Baldwin (1856–1937) and Robert E. Baldwin (1858–1942) were the first of at least 11 (possibly 12 or 14) children that John R. Baldwin would have with Margaret [Anne] (Howard) Baldwin (1835–1912), Rebecca's older sister. "Thos. N." is Thomas Newton Baldwin (b1843), John R. Baldwin's younger brother.

Newton Bascum Baldwin was born in Virginia on 24 December 1862, the 3rd child and son of John R. Baldwin (1828-1909), who was born in Virginia, with Margaret [Anne] (Howard) Baldwin (1835–1912), who was born in Kentucky.

Martha Ellen Steele was born on 14 October 1863 in Kentucky to a father born in Kentucky and a mother born in North Carolina (1880 census), though parents born in North Carolina.

Baldwins move from Virginia to Kentucky around 1863
The 1870 census shows all children up to and including "Newton B." (8) as having been born in Virginia, while all children from and including "James A." (6) were born in Kentucky. Newton Bascum Baldwin (1862-1919) was born on 24 December 1862, and James Alfred Baldwin (1864-1934) was born on 23 April 1864.

1870 census shows "Newton B. Baldwin" (8) living in Sturgeon, Jackson County, Kentucky (Post Office: Gray Hawk) with his father John R. Baldwin (41), a farmer, his mother Margaret (35), keeping house, siblings John M. (18), Mary E. (17), William H. (14), Robert E. (12), James A. (6), Elihu J. (3), and Henry C. (2). James V. Howard (23) and Sarah E. Thomas (14) were also living with the family. John, William, and Robert were farm laborers. James Howard, probably Margaret (nee Howard's) brother, was also a farm laborer. Sarah Thomas was a domestic servant. The household's real estate and personal property were valued at 400 and 250 dollars. Margaret and her youngest sons James A., Elihu, and Henry C. were born in Kentucky. All others in the household were born in Virginia. The two oldest children -- John M. (18) and Mary E. (17) -- are John R. Baldwin's children with his 1st wife, Rebecca (Howard) Baldwin (1828-1854), Margaret's deceased older sister.

1870 census shows "Martha E. Steele" (6) living in the household of Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] Steele (50), in which she is the youngest child, following George (23), James H. (21), Sarah H. (17), Nancy E. (15), John W. (12), and Mary J. (9). Elizabeth is a widow keeping house, while George and James are single farmers, and John is a farm hand. Elizabeth's place of birth is shown as "Va, Ky" as though she wasn't sure, while all the children are said to have been born in Kentucky. Elizabeth cannot write, while George, James, Nancy, and John can neither read nor right. George and James are "Male citizens of U.S. of ages 21 years and upwards".

1880 census shows "Newton B. Baldwin" (19) living in Jackson County, Kentucky, apparently in Pond Creek, with his father John R. Baldwin (51), mother Margaret (44), and younger siblings, brothers James A. (16), Elihur J. (13), and Henry C. (12), sister Martha A. (9), and brothers George F. (7), Samuel L. B. (5), Archelus F. (3), and Charles N. (8/12). His father, himself, and all his brothers down to and including Henry, are laborers, probably in a coal mine. Margaret is keeping house.

As of 1880, John R. Baldwin had fathered at least 13 children, including 2 girls and 11 boys. In 1870, Newton B. was in the middle of the pack. In 1880 he was the oldest of those still at home.

1880 census shows "Martha E. Steele" (15) also living in what appears to be Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky, with her mother Elizabeth Steele (59), and her brother John W. Steele (22). The Steele household is listed immediately after Baldwin household, on the same census sheet, so apparently the two families were neighbors. Elizabeth, widowed, is keeping house. John is a laborer, and Martha E. is at home.

Elizabeth, equivocally born in "Va, Ky" in the 1870 census, is reported in the 1880 census to have been born in North Caroline, while her father was born in Germany and her mother in Virginia. John and Martha (Ellen) were said to have been born in Kentucky, their father in Kentucky, and their mother in North Carolina.

1880-1882   The 1880 census was enumerated on 2 June. Some reports claim that N. Bascum and M. Ellen married on 5 December that year. However, the 1900 and 1910 censuses record that they had been married respectively 18 and 28 years, which implies they had married in 1882, the year before their first daughter, Sadie, was born.

Between 1883 and 1890, Bascum and Ellen had 4 daughters, all born in Kentucky. Their youngest daughter, Ida Mae Baldwin, would marry William Riley Wetherall and give birth to William Bascum (later Bascom) Wetherall.

1890 census was destroyed in a fire.

1900 census shows "N?? B. Baldwin" (38), born December 1861, head of household, with his wife Ellen (36), born October 1863. Both have been married 18 years, and she has had 4 children of whom 4 survived -- namely, the 4 daughters listed in this census -- Sa??y (Saddy? Sally?) [sic = Sadie, Sada] (17), born August 1883, Liddie [sic = Lydie, Lydia] (14), born April 1886, Almedie [sic = Meda] (11), born December 1888, and Ida (9), born March 1891. N.B. was engaged in farming, and all the girls were at school.

The same enumeration sheet shows two other Baldwin-Steele families -- (1) N.B.'s parents, John R. and Margaret Baldwin, and his 6th younger brother, their 7th (John's 8th) son, Arch Baldwin, and (2) N.B.'s 4th younger brother, George, and his family. The three Baldwin-Steele families are grouped together, as though they were living on neighboring farms or were farming the same land. The fertility figures on the 1900 census state that Margaret had given birth to 14 children of whom 11 survived. John R. died in 1909, after which Margaret would live with a grandson next door to the families of two other sons. See 1910 census (below) and "Neighboring Baldwin families in 1900 and 1910 censuses" (above) for fuller details.

1904 seems to have been the year that Bascum and Ellen Baldwin uprooted their family from Kentucky and began the westward wanderings that took them through at least Nebraska and Washington before settling in Idaho around 1910. In the early 1980s, their granddaughter Lennie Lee Anstine wrote an autobiographical account of the Anstine family in which she said that her mother, Lydia (Baldwin) Anstine, Bascum and Ellen's 2nd daughter, born in Kentucky in 1886, had left Kentucky when she was 18 -- ergo 1904.

1905 Kansas census for Parsons, in Labette County, enumerated on 1 March 1905, shows "N.B. Baldwin" (44), residing in a home with "C.F. Williams" (28), "Sallie Williams" (22), and "Oscar Williams" (6). C.F. Williams and N.B. Baldwin were born in Virgina, and Sallie and Oscar were born in Kentucky. C.F. Williams came to Kansas from Tennessee, while Sallie and Oscar Williams, and N.B. Baldwin, came to Kansas from Kentucky. C.F. Williams is described as a "Hospital attendant".

1907 Lincoln, Nebraska directory shows "Ellen Baldwin" and "Neuton B. Baldwin" [sic = Newton] both working and residing at the "Asylum" -- i.e., the Nebraska Hospital for the Insane -- he as a "meat cutter", she as an "asst cook". Lennie Anstine's account says that Lydia met Charley in Lincoln, where she was attending business school. Apparently they were living at the same boarding house.

1908 Spokane, Washington directory shows "Newton B Baldwin" working at a "restaurant" at 914 1st Avenue and residing at 907 1/2 1st Avenue. The "Restaurants" section of the classifieds shows a "N B Baldwin" at 914 1st Avenue. The same directory shows "Ida M Baldwin" as a student at "N W Business College" boarding at 1222 Sprague Avenue. There are many Baldwin's in the directory, including a "Madge Baldwin", a student at the same college, boarding at the same address. "Madge" may well be a corruption of "Meda".

1909 Spokane, Washington directory shows "Newton B Baldwin" working at a "restaurant" at 914 1st Avenue and residing at 921 1st Avenue. The "Restaurants" section of the classifieds show "N B Baldwin" at 914 1st Avenue. "Ida M Baldwin" is shown as a student at "Blair Bus Coll" boarding at 921 1st Avenue, which is Newton B. Baldwin's address. "Meda J Baldwin" is shown working as a "cashr" at "N B Baldwin" and residing at the same 921 1st Avenue.

Ida Mae Baldwin has transferred from North West Business College to its rival Blair Business College and moved in with her parents. Marge Baldwin is not listed in the 1909 directory. "Marge" may actually have been Ida's older sister "Meda" boarding with Ida and attending the same North West Business College.

1910 Spokane, Washington directory shows "Ida M Baldwin" boarding at Apartment J 1017 3rd Avenue. No place of work or study is shown. Neither her parents nor sister are listed.

1910 census shows "Newton B. Baldwin" (47), a restaurant keeper, and his wife Martha E. Baldwin (46), living on First Avenue in St. Maries, Kootenai County, Idaho. They had been married for 28 years in what was a 1st marriage for both, and she had had 4 children of whom all 4 survived. Residing with them were their daughters Meda J. Baldwin (21), single, a milliner working at her own shop and Sadie E. Williams (26), married for 6 years, no occupation, a granddaughter Fay [sic = Faye] M. Williams (3), and a grandson Claud [sic = Claude] J. Williams (2). Also listed as living in the Baldwin household were 12 boarders, ranging in age from 24 to 51, and working . The first listed boarder, a 48-year-old unmarried man who had immigrated from Germany in 1880 and since naturalized, was working as a dishwasher at a restaurant, most likely N.B. Baldwin's. The only female boarder was a 42-year-old childless widow, who was working as a teacher at a public school.

Sadie had 4 children of whom only Faye and Claude survived. That she had been married for 6 years suggests she had married around 1904 (the 1930 census reports her age as 46 and says she was 19 when first married, which implies she married in 1903). She is apparently already separated from their father, who was said to have been born in Tennessee. Faye was born in Iowa in 1906 and Claude was born in Nebraska in 1907.

The 1910 census for the 3rd Magisterial District of Jackson County, Kentucky shows N. Bascum Baldwin's mother Margaret living with the family of her grandson, Bradley Baldwin. Bradley is living next door to the families of two of Margaret's sons, H. Clay Baldwin (1867–1950) and Charley Baldwin (1878–1940). This census states that Margaret had borne 12 children of whom 11 survived. Margaret died in 1912. See "Neighboring Baldwin families in 1900 and 1910 censuses" (above) for fuller details about the neighboring Baldwin-Steele families in these censuses.

1911-1912 St. Maries, Idaho directory shows the following people related to the Baldwin's or their enterprises.

Abel John, clerk Baldwin & Thatch (page 186) [employee at grocery story]

Baldwin Mrs Ellen (page 186)
Baldwin Meda, b N B Baldwin [apparently an old listing for Meda]
Baldwin Newton B (Baldwin & Thatch)
Baldwin Samuel, employe [sic] Milwaukee Lumber Co [probably not related]
Baldwin & Thatch (N B Baldwin, G T Thatch), grocers [grocery story]

Ure Clifford M, barber (page 211) [listing for Meda after marriage]
Ure Meda, operator Interstate Telephone Co [Meda married]

Williams Mrs Sara E (page 212) [possibly an old listing for Sadie]

1914-1915 St. Maries, Idaho directory shows both Newton B. Baldwin (and parenthetically his wife Ellen), and also William R. Wetherall (and Ida M.), but no Clifford Ure or Sadie Williams.

Baldwin Newton B (Ellen), St Maries (page 70)
Wetherall William R (Ida M), printer St Maries Gazette, St Maries (page 325)

1916-1917 St. Maries, Idaho directory shows the following members of the Baldwin-Steele family.

Baldwin Newton B (Ellen), lab, $50, h 2004 Idaho av, St Maries (page 527)
Ure Clifford M (Meda) (Ure & Lawing), $525, h 1845 Main av, St Maries (page 599)
    The introduction to the directory explains that
    "Wife's name will be found in parenthesis [sic] following husband's name.
    Amount following name is assessed valuation of property, taken from County Assessor's List."

Wetherell [sic] William R (Ida M), printer St Maries Gazette, St Maries (page 602)
    The St. Maries Gazette was a local newspaper.
    An advertisement states that the company also did "Fine Job Printing".

Williams Sadie Mrs, chf opr Interstate Utilities Co, $1,050, St Maries (page 603)

William B. Wetherall was uncertain about the nature of his father's employment in St. Maries but assumed he had found work as a printer. He consistently reported that his mother had been in an asylum and not at home. The parenthetic inclusion of "Ida M." as William R. Wetherall's wife in the 1914-1915 and 1915-1917 directories give the impression that perhaps Ida was living at home. Perhaps William R. had her listed in order to create the impression that he had a wife and his son had a mother. It is not clear from the directory where William R. was living. William B. reported that he lived with his father in St. Maries but consistently spoke of being raised by his mother's family. Possibly William R. was living with the Baldwins.

N. Bascum Baldwin died on 22 March 1919 in St. Maries,

1920 census for St. Maries, Idaho shows the household of Clifford M. Yre [sic = Ure] (32), head, born in Iowa, Meda (31), wife, born in Kentucky, Greta A. (7 1/12), daughter, born in Idaho, and Ellen M. [sic = M. Ellen] Baldwin (56), mother, widowed, born in Kentucky. Clifford was working as a a US mail carrier at the post office. Meda and Ellen had no occupation. The family was living at 2004 in what was called the "Townsite Addition". "2004" is also the house number of the St. Maries home in which Ellen and Sadie were living in 1940 (see below).

1930 census Ellen Baldwin (66), widowed, in "E" Township of Seward County, Nebraska, as the mother-in-law of Charles Anstine (46), head, widowed, his daughters Lennie (20), Ora [sic = Aura] (18), and Imogene (3 6/12). Charles is a farmer, and Lennie and Aura are public school teachers. Charles was the husband of Ellen's 2nd daughter Lydia, who had died the year before after a 2-year bout with colon cancer. It appears that Ellen had been living with the Anstines to help care for Lydia and Imogene, who was born in 1926 shortly before Lydia's colostomy operation in 1927 and hence was still an infant. The 1930 census for "P" township in Seward County shows Sadie (46), divorced, residing and working at the Nebraska Industrial House, a home for unwed mothers. The census shows Sadie's daughter Faye Williams (23) as a teacher in Lincoln, Nebraska. Claude is also possibly living in Seward or Lincoln at the time.

1940 census shows "Sadie Williams" (57), divorced, living as head of household at 2004 Idaho Avenue in St. Maries, Benewah County, Idaho. She had been living in Spokane, Washington in 1935. Living with her is her mother, Ellen Baldwin (76), widowed, who had been living in the same St. Maries home in 1935. Sadie had completed 2 years of college, Ellen 8 years of grade school. Their home is valued at 600 dollars, and they own it free of mortgage.

M. Ellen Baldwin died in St. Maries on 27 April 1943.


Baldwin headstones Baldwin headstone

Baldwin family headstones

Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Maries, Idaho

Top left   General view of five Baldwin-Steele family graves centering on Baldwin tomb stone.
The three headstones in front are those of Ida Wetherall Baldwin, Mother (Ellen), and Father (Bascum).
The two headstones in back are those of Clifford Ure and Meda (Baldwin) Ure.
Wetherall Family photo

Top right  Front of Baldwin tomb stone
N. Bascum Baldwin (1862-1919)
M. Ellen Baldwin (1863-1943)
Photograph by Khat copped from Find A Grave

Right top  Back of Baldwin tomb stone
Ure family of third Baldwin sister Almeda
Photograph by Khat copped from Find A Grave

Right bottom  Ida Wetherall Baldwin headstone
Ida Mae (Baldwin) Wetherall (1890-1923)
Photograph by Khat copped from Find A Grave

Bottom  Ure-Baldwin headstones
Clifford Melvin Ure (1887-1953)
Almeda Jane (Baldwin) Ure (1888-1971)
Photographs by Khat copped from Find A Grave

Ure headstone
Ida Wetherall headstone
Clifford Ure headstone Meda Ure headstone
Williams headstones Sadie (Baldwin) Williams's headstone
Coeur dAlene Memorial Gardens, Idaho
Photograph by Michael Young copped from
Find A Grave
Williams headstones Faye (Williams) Rebenstorf's headstone
Coeur dAlene Memorial Gardens, Idaho
Photograph by Michael Young copped from
Find A Grave
Williams headstones Howard Rebenstorf's headstone
Coeur dAlene Memorial Gardens, Idaho
Photograph by Michael Young copped from
Find A Grave
Williams headstones Hattie Hel Rebenstorf's headstone
Monument Cemetery, Grant, Oregon
(Find A Grave photo)

Disrud family graves

Marilyn A. (Mathews) Disrud (1934-2013)
Riverview Cemetery, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho
Photograph by Michael Young copped from
Find A Grave
Williams headstones
Lydia and Charles headstone Lydia M. (Baldwin) Anstine (1886-1929)
Charles A. Anstine (1883-1932)
Utica Cemetery, Utica, Seward County, Nebraska
Photograph by weston04 copped from Find A Grave
Lennie Severns niches Lennie Lee (Anstine) Severns (1910-1997)
William A. Severns (1906-1991)
Claquato Cemetery, Chehalis
Lewis County, Washington
Photograph by Willie Dee copped from Find A Grave

Anstine family graves and columbarium niches

Anstine family graves

Velma Marie Anstine (1908-1919)
Utica Cemetery, Utica, Seward County, Nebraska
Photograph by weston04 copped from Find A Grave
Velma Anstine headstone

Lemmer family graves

Harlan Lemmer (1904-1985)
Greta Ava (Ure) Lemmer (1912-1999)
Hope Cemetery, East Hope, Idaho
(Find A Grave photo)
Lemmer-Ure headstone
Baldwin headstones John R. Baldwin's headstone
Wilson Cemetery, Moores Creek, Kentucky
(Find A Grave photo)
Baldwin headstones Margaret Baldwin's headstone
Wilson Cemetery, Moores Creek, Kentucky
(Find A Grave photo)

Baldwin-Steele graves

William Bascom Wetherall's maternal grandparents

N. Bascum Baldwin and M. Ellen Steele, parents of Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall

The Baldwin-Steele plot of graves are in the original addition of Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries, in Benewah County in Idaho. The plot includes the graves of Bascum and Ellen (Steele) Baldwin, their 4th (youngest) daughter Ida (Baldwin) Wetherall, and their 3rd daughter Meda (Baldwin) Ure and her husband Clifford Ure.

Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Maries, Benewah County, Idaho
N. Bascum Baldwin (1862-1919)
M. Ellen Baldwin (1863-1943)
Ida Baldwin Wetherall (1890-1923)
Clifford M. Ure (1887-1953)
Meda J. Ure (1888-1971)

The general Baldwin tombstone in the middle of the plot is slightly tapered stone -- wider on top -- with an oval top. The face is engraved with the names of the Baldwin-Steel family's progenitors -- N. Bascum and M. Ellen Baldwin. Their headstones the "Mother" and "Father" headstones in front of general Baldwin tombstone.

The back of the general Baldwin tombstone is engraved "Ure" -- the family name of Clifford M. Ure, who was Bascum's and Ellen's son in law. Clifford was from St. Maries, and he and Meda continued to live in the town after they married in 1911 and they moved to Spokane no later than 1945.

Ida's son William B. Wetherall (1911-2013), this writer's father, was born in Iowa but raised by the Baldwins in St. Maries from the end of 1911 to 1917, when he began living with his paternal Wetherall-Beaman grandparents in Iowa. After graduating from high school, however, he moved back to St. Maries and lived with the Ure's while going to college and law school in Moscow.

After Bascum died in 1919, Ellen lived with all of her daughters except Ida, who died in 1923 at the state asylum in Orofino, where she had been committed for many years. Ellen lived with her 3rd daughter's Ure family, as well as with her 1st daughter Sadie Williams, who had also settled in St. Maries, during the period when WBW was going to college. She was living in Nebraska with her 2nd daughter, Lydia Anstine, when Lydia died in 1929. During the late 1920s, WBW worked summers on the Anstine farm.

The first three of the above graves are grouped together in the Baldwin family plot with the following inscriptions.

N. BASCUM BALDWIN / DEC. 24, 1862 / MAR. 22, 1919
M. ELLEN BALDWIN / 1863-1943
    Erect stone in center
    Flat stone, front left
MOTHER [Ellen]
    Flat stone, front center
FATHER [Bascum]
    Flat stone, front right

The Ure graves, in the back of the general Baldwin tombstone, have the following inscriptions.

CLIFFORD M. URE / 1887-1953
    Flat stone, back left
    Stone has a Masonic emblem
MEDA J. URE / 1888-1971
    Flat stone, back right

After Bascum Baldwin's death in 1919, Ellen lived for a while with her 3rd daughter Meda Ure and Clifford in St. Maries (1920 census). Ellen would have seen to the burial of her 4th daughter, Ida Wetherall, who died in Orofino, Idaho in 1923.

Ellen later lived with the family of her 2nd daughter Lydia Anstine in Nebraska, and she continued to live there for a while after Lydia's death in 1929 (1930 census).

The 1940 census shows Ellen living in St. Maries with her 1st daughter, Sadie Williams. Sadie and Meda would have seen to her burial after her death in 1943.

Meda and Clifford moved to Spokane no later than 1945. Their daughter Greta A. Lemmer and her family, and their son H. Dale Ure and his family, settled there no later than 1950. Presumably Meda saw to the burial of Clifford in Woodlawn Cemetery in 1953, and her children saw to her burial with him in 1971.

Some Ure and Lemmer descendants are still residing in Spokane, and presumably they are maintaining the Baldwin graves at Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries, in addition to the graves of their own immediate families.

Lemmer graves

Greta (Ure) Lemmer (1912-1999) and her husband Harlan Lemmer (1904-1985), both of whom died died in Spokane, where they had settled, are buried together in Hope Cemetery in East Hope, Bonner County, Idaho.

Woodlawn Cemetery

Woodlawn Cemetery was established in 1911 on the outskirts of St. Maries on land that was then part of Kootenai county, and the tombs which had been in a small cemetery within the city were moved to the new cemetery. The city and the cemetery are now part of Benewah county, which was created in 1915 from a part of Kootenai. The cemetery is now within the expanded city limits and is owned and managed by the city.

Williams graves

The Baldwin's 1st daughter, Sadie Williams, and her daughter Faye and son-in-law Howard, and their daughter Marilyn, are all buried in Coeur d'Alene, Kootenai County, Idaho cemeteries.

Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Kootenai County, Idaho
Sadie E. Williams (1883-1864)
Faye M. Rebenstorf (1906-1995)
Howard Rebenstorf (1898-1966)

Monument Cemetery, Grant County, Oregon
Hattie Rebenstorf (1898-1966)

Riverview Cemetery, Coeur d'Alene, Kootenai County, Idaho
Marilyn A. Disrud (1934-2013)

The photographs of the above graves, shown to the right, were taken by Michael Young and posted on the Find A Grave website in 2013, with exception of Hattie Rebenstorf's grave, which was posted by "Pam R." in 2007. The inscriptions on their tombstones are as follows.


FAYE M REBENSTORF / OCT 4 1906   NOV 25 1995

AUG 30 1898   SEPT 27 1966


NORMAN K. / APR. 13, 1929 / [blank]
MARILYN A. / DEC. 22, 1934 / JULY 21, 2013

The location of the grave of Claude Williams, Sadie's son and Faye's brother, is not yet known. If he was cremated, his ashes may have been consecrated in a columbarium, possibly also at Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens.

Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens

Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens originated as Restlawn Memorial Park in 1955. It later became Coeur d'Alene Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Columbarium & Monuments.

Anstine graves

The Baldwin's 2nd daughter, Lydia M. (Baldwin) Anstine, her husband Charles A. Anstine, and their 1st daughter Velma, who died in her childhood, are buried together in the same plot at Utica Cemetery in Seward County, Nebraska, where the Anstines farmed.

Utica Cemetery, Utica, Seward County, Nebraska
Section B, Row 18
Velma Anstine / 1908-1919
Lydia M. Anstine / 1886-1929 / "Mother"
Charles A. Anstine / 1883-1932 / "Father"

The Anstine's 2nd daughter, Lennie Severns (1910-1997), is buried with her husband, William Archie Severns (1906-1991), in Claquato Cemetery in Chehalis, Lewis County, Washington, near Centralia, their home for over half a century after their migration from Seward, Nebraska to Washington in 1937.

Their 3rd daughter, Aura Dey, died in Riverside, California. However, she may be buried in Spokane, Washington, where she and her husband George M. Dey had lived most of their lives after migrating to Washington from Nebraska. Apparently he returned to Spokane after her death.

Their 4th daughter, Imogene LeBaron, died in Federal Way, Washington, and her husband Keith R. LeBaron died in Seattle. Presumably they are buried together in Washington.

Baldwin-Howard graves

William Bascom Wetherall's maternal-paternal great grandparents

John R. Baldwin and Margaret A. Howard, parents of N. Bascum Baldwin

N. Bascum Baldwin's father John R. Baldwin (1828-1909), and his mother Margaret (Howard) Baldwin (1835-1912), are buried at Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, which at the time of their deaths was in the Ponds Creek voting precinct of Jackson County in Kentucky. The photographs shown to the right were taken by Dale Przybyl and posted on the Find A Grave website in 2010.

The inscriptions on their headstones are as follows.

BORN / SEPT. 22, 1828
DIED / MAR. 10, 1909
[ Unread inscription ]

BORN / SEPT. 1, 1835
DIED / JUNE 3, 1912
Thy work is done,
thy trials (?) [ unread ]

Margaret Baldwin's death certificate

Margaret Baldwin's death certificate shows the following particulars among others.

Margaret Baldwin
Female, White, Widow
Born: 1 December 1865, Lee County, Virginia
Died: 3 June 1912, Moores Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky
Age: 76 years, 6 months, 2 days
Occupation: House wife
Cause of death: Chronic valvular heart disease
Father: John Howard
Father's place of birth: Virginia
Mother's maiden name: Unknown
Mother's place of birth: Suppasadte, Virginia
Informant: A.F. Baldwin
Place of burial or removal: Moores Creek, Kentucky
Undertaker: James Baldwin
Date of burial: 4 June 1912


11. Steele-Grubb

Jonas Steele and Elizabeth Grubb

Table 11   Jonus and Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele family
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 Jonas Steele 18 Mar 1815 4 Oct 1868 53 Whitley Co, KY Whitley Co, KY Bingham Cem Corbin KY Farmer
0 Elizabeth Grubb 28 Jul 1820 12 Apr 1888 67 NC Whitley Co, KY Wilson Cem Moores Creek KY House keeper
1 Preston B. Steele 1 Mar 1838 8 Feb 1883 44 KY KY Bingham Cem Corbin KY Farmer
2 Julia 15 Jun 1840 aft 1850 KY
3 William Danley Steele 1 Aug 1844 5 Mar 1909 64 KY McKee Jackson Co KY Steele Cem Foxtown KY Farmer
4 George Conrad Steele 31 Dec 1846 30 Nov 1909 62 Watts Creek Whitley Co KY Corbin Creek Whitley Co KY
5 James Henry Steele 7 Apr 1848 15 Jan 1923 74 Whitley Co KY Laurel Co KY Farmer
6 Sarah Hellen (McFarland) 20 Dec 1852 18 Dec 1909 55 Whitley Co KY Jackson Co KY
7 Nancy Elizabeth (Brewer) 19 Jul 1855 11 Dec 1926 71 Whitley Co KY
8 John Wesley Steele 27 Nov 1857 13 Dec 1909 52 Whitley Co KY Hazel Patch Laurel Co KY Farmer
9 Martha Jane (Reese) 4 Apr 1860 14 May 1911 51 Whitley Co KY
T5 10 Martha Ellen (Steele) 14 Oct 1863 27 Apr 1943 79 Jackson KY St. Maries ID Woodlawn Cem ID Wife
  1. Jonas was the son of Samuel Steele and Jerusha Powers. Elizabeth was the daughter of George Conrad Grubb and Lydia Poe.
    Elizabeth was born in Virginia (1850 census), in Kentucky (1860 census), in Virginia or Kentucky (1870 census), or in North Carolina (1880 census). Cenuses from 1900 through 1930 for her daughter Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin state that Ellen's mother was born in Virginia (1900), North Carolina (1910, 1930), and the United States (1920).
    The 1870 census states that Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] (50), keeping house, could not write.
  2. Preston reportedly served as a private in Co. F. of the 16th Kentucky Infantry, a Union Army regiment formed in Kentucky in December 1861 several months after the outbreak of the Civil War. His headstone is reportedly beside his father's tombstone.
  3. Julia was "Juliane" or "Juliana" (10) on 1850 census. She has either left in marriage or died by 1860 census.
  4. William reportedly married Sarah O. Prewitt (1843-1905) and they had at least one child, Arnette S. (Steele) Lakes (1870-1944).
  5. George's namesake was his maternal grandfather. He reportedly fathered 4 children with his 1st wife Barbara Ellen Steele (1853–1883) and 8 with his second wife Ida Suphrona Steele (1874–1947).
    The 1870 census states that George (23), farmer, could neither read nor write.
    His 2nd child and 1st son with Barbara was Martin Wesley Steele (1876–1945), who became a phyisican in Corbin, Kentucky. Martin's son, Starr E. Steele (1901-1988), became an optomitrist, also in Corbin. See "Dr. Starr Steele" below for particulars.
  6. James reportedly married Sophie Peters (1865-1941) and they had 8 children.
    The 1870 census states that James H. (21), famer, could neither read nor write.
  7. Sarah reportedly married Andrew Craig McFarland (1847-1924) and they had 7 children.
  8. "Nancy E. Steele" was born to "John Steele" ("Name of Father or Owner of Child") and "Elizabeth Grubb" ("Maiden Name of Mother") on 19 July 1855, according to a Whitley County, Kentucky birth register. She reportedly married James S. Brewer (1853-1927) in 1877 and they had 7 children.
    The 1870 census states that Nancy E. (15) could neither read nor write.
    The 1880 census shows Nancy E. (34) keeping house, wife of James Brewer (26), laborer, with a daughter, Mary E. (1), in the family enumerated immediately following (thus probably neighboring or adjoining) her mother's household.
  9. The 1870 census reports that John W. (12), farm hand, could neither read or write.
  10. Mary Jane reportedly married Howell Reese.
  11. Martha Ellen -- "Ellen" to her family and "M. Ellen" on her tombstone -- was the last born of the Steele-Grubb union. Her father died shortly before she turned 5, after which she was raised by her mother as head of the remaining family, supported by older brothers.
    The 1880 shows Martha E. (15) living at home with her mother, Elizabeth, keeping house, for herself and John W. (22), a laborer, and Martha E. (15), at home. Their farm, judging from the census, was next door to the Baldwin farm.
    Ellen married Newton Bascum Baldwin, probably in Jackson County, Kentucky, on 5 December 1880. The census taken earlier that year shows them residing on neighboring farms. She and Bascum, as he was called, had 4 daughters. See "5. Baldwin-Steele" and "Baldwin sisters" et cetera for particulars.
    Ellen was "Mother" to Ida Mae (Baldwin) Wetherall and "Grandma Baldwin" to Ida's son, William B. Wetherall.

All children in the above table are listed in 19th century Steele-Grubb family censuses. However, their full names, birth and death dates, and other particulars are patched together from various Ancestry.com and other sources, many of them unconfirmed.

Jonas and Elizabeth had 10 children according to census records. There are a couple of gaps in the sequence of their births, during which they may have had a child or two who died at birth or in infancy between censuses.

Literacy in the Steele-Grubb family

The 1870 census shows that Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] (50), keeping house, could not write. It also shows that 4 of the 7 children still living with her after Jonas's death in 1868 George (23) and James H. (21), both farmers, Nancy E. (15), and John W. (12), farm hand -- could neither read nor write. Sarah H. (17) appears to have been literate. Mary J. (9) and Martha E. (6), were perhaps too young to be included in this part of the education section of the census.

The 1850 census shows only Elizabeth (40) as being unable to read or write. It appears that, by the 1870 census, she had learned to read.

Whatever the conditions that prevented so many of the Steele children from learning to read and write, Ellen -- 6 years old in 1870 -- would complete 8 years of grade school education before she married in 1880, according to the 1940 census. All 4 of her children would finish high school and a year or two of post-high-school vocational education.

See Educating daughters under "Anstine sisters" above for further details.


Chronology of Steele-Grubb family through censuses

The Steele-Grubb family descends from England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany and other European lines, through lines in American colonies and territories including New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, and Kentucky.

See 4th cousins X removed: Steele-Grubb connections with David Crockett for a look at the possible crossing of paths of the Steele line of the Steele-Grubb family with an offshoot of the Crockett ancestors of Davy Crockett.

Steele-Grubb family in 1810 to 1880 censuses
1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1900
Born 1815 1820 Married
District 2
Jonas died 1868
1810 Born 1820 Jofields
Pond Creek
died 1888

Steele-Grubb chronology

Jonas Steele was born on 18 March 1815 in Whitley County, Kentucky.

Elizabeth Grubb was born on 28 July 1820 in Kentucky if not in Virginia or North Carolina.

There is some confusion about whether Elizabeth was born in Virginia, Kentucky, or North Carolina. The 1850 census says Virginia and the 1860 census says Kentucky. The 1870 census says "Va, Ky" and the 1880 census says North Carolina. The 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 censuses for Elizabeth's daughter, Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin favor North Carolina but don't rule out Virginia. Such variation shows why census (and other recorded) information must always be taken as tentative until substantiated by independent (and hopefully reliable) data. People's memories can be very shaky, and census enumerators can make mistakes in their rush to record what they think they been told and heard.

Jonas Steele's places of birth

1850 census   (J) Kentucky
1860 census   (J) Kentucky

Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele's and parents' places of birth

1850 census   (E) Virginia
1860 census   (E) Kentucky
1870 census   (E) Virginia, Kentucky
1880 census   (E) North Carolina, (F) Germany, (M) Virginia

Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin's and parents' places of birth

1870 census   (ME) Kentucky
1880 census   (ME) Kentucky, (F) Kentucky, (M) North Carolina
1900 census   (ME) Kentucky, (F) Kentucky, (M) Virginia
1910 census   (ME) Kentucky, (F) North Carolina, (M) North Carolina
1920 census   (ME) Kentucky, (F) United States, (M) United States
1930 census   (ME) Kentucky, (F) Virginia, (M) North Carolina
1940 census   (ME) Kentucky

Jonas and Elizabeth married in 1838.

1840 census shows a "Jonas Steel" family with 3 free whites -- 1 male 0-9, 1 male 20-29, and 1 female 15-19 living in Whitley County, Kentucky. One member is engaged in agriculture. The ages agree with what is known about Jonas Steele (b1815), Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele (b1820), and their son Preston B. Steele (b 1 March 1838).

1850 census shows the family of Jonas Steel [sic = Steele] (35), a farmer born in Kentucky, living in District 1 of Whitley County, Kentucky on real estate valued at 400 dollars. His household includes his wife, Elisabeth [sic = Elizabeth] (30), born in Virginia and unable to read or write, with 5 children -- Preston (12), Juliane or Juliana (10), William (7), George (4), and James (1), all born in Virginia [sic = Kentucky]. Living with them are Susan Banton (30), born in Virginia and unable to read or write, and Martha Banton (2), born in Kentucky.

1860 census shows "Jonas Steel" (45), a farmer, living in the Jellico District (post office Wild Cat) of Whitley County, Kentucky. His real and personal estates are valued at 1,000 and 300 dollars. Living with him are Elizabeth (40) and 8 children, Preston (22), William D. (15), George C. (13), James H. (11), Sarah R. (9), Nancy E. (5), John W. (2), and Mary J. (2/12). Elizabeth, Preston, and William are also farmers, and all members in the household are reportedly born in Kentucky.

Jonas died on 4 October 1868 in Whitley County, Kentucky. He is buried at Bingham Cemetery in Corbin, Whitley County, Kentucky.

1870 census shows the family of "Elisabeth Steele" [sic = Elizabeth] (50) living in the Jofields Precinct (post office Rockholds) of Whitley County, Kentucky. She is keeping house, and her real and personal estates are valued at 200 dollars each. Living with her were 7 children, George (23), a farmer, James H. (21), also a farmer, Sarah H. (17), Nancy E. (15), John W. (12), a farm hand, Mary J. (9), and Martha E. (6). Elizabeth is unable to write, and George, James, Nancy, and John are unable to either read or right. Both George and James are "Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards". Everyone is reportedly born in Kentucky, except Elizabeth, whose place of birth is shown as "Va, Ky" as though she didn't know which -- or perhaps she was born in a part of Virginia that had become Kentucky.

1880 census shows both the families of John R. Baldwin (51) and Elizabeth Steele (59) living next door to each other in Pond Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky. N.B. Baldwin (19), like his father, is a laborer. Martha E. Steele is 15 and at home. Her brother, John B. (22), is a laborer. Most of the laborers are probably working in a coal mine. The census was enumerated on 2 June. N. Bascum and M. Ellen would marry on 5 December that year.

Elizabeth Steele died on 12 April 1888 at age 67, in Whitley County. She is buried at Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, Jackson County, Kentucky.


Steele headstones Jonas Steele's headstone
Bingham Cemetery, Corbin, Kentucky
(Find A Grave photo)
Steele headstones Elizabeth Steele's headstone
Wilson Cemetery, Moores Creek, Kentucky
(Find A Grave photo)

Steele-Grubb graves

William Bascom Wetherall's maternal-maternal great grandparents

Jonas Steele and Elizabeth Grubb, parents of M. Ellen (Steele) Baldwin

There are many Steele graves in Kentucky. A number of them are of members of the Steele line of the Steele-Grubb family of Jonas and Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele.

Jonas and Elizabeth Steele

Jonas Steele died on 4 October 1868 at age 48 in Whitley County, Kentucky. He is buried at Bingham Cemetery in Corbin in Whitley County. His tombstone is a roughly hewn slab of rock with the following roughly chiseled inscription, using what appears to be DC or DCD for "deceased".


Elizabeth (Grubb) Steele died on 12 April 1888 at age 67 also in Whitley County. However, she is buried at Wilson Cemetery in Moores Creek, Jackson County, about 50 kilometers (30 miles) north of Corbin. Her tombstone is of a more refined design and crafting.

ELIZABETH STEELE / JULY 28, 1820 / APR. 2, 1888

Steele-Grubb children

Jonas and Elizabeth had at least 10 children. All 5 sons and at least 1 daughter died in Kentucky. The youngest child and daughter, Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin, died in Idaho (see "Baldwin-Steele graves" above). The locations of the tombs of the following children are known.

  1. Preston B. Steele (1838-1883)
    Bingham Cemetery, Corbin, Whitley County, Kentucky
    Marker beside headstone of father Jonas Steele, Kentucky
  2. William D. Steele (1844-1909)
    Steel [sic = Steele] Cemetery, Foxtown, Jackson County, Kentucky
  3. George C. Steele (1846-1909)
    Sharp Cemetery, Rockholds, Whitley County, Kentucky
  4. M. Ellen (Steele) Baldwin (1863–1943)
    Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Maries, Benewah County, Idaho


Steele-Powers graves

William Bascom Wetherall's maternal-maternal-paternal great-great grandparents

Samuel Steele and Jerusha Powers, parents of Jonas Steele

No graves clearly related to the Steele-Powers family of Samuel Steele and Jerusha Powers have yet been found. Presumably they are buried in Kentucky, where they settled and died, while some of their ancestral graves are probably in Virginia, where both were born.

Jerusha (Powers) Steele

"Jerusha Steele" is supposed to have died in 1850. She may well be the "Gerusha Steele" who the morality schedule of the 1850 census for Whitley County, Kentucky records has having died in May 1850 during the year ending 1 June 1850.

Schedule 3 of the 1850 census enumerated "Persons who Died During the Year Ending 1st June 1850". The schedule enumerated 11 items of information -- 1. Name of every person who died during the year ending 1st June, 1850, whose usual place of abode at the time of his death was in his family, 2. Age, 3. Sex, 4. Race (White, black, or mulatto), 5. Free or slave, 6. Married or widowed, 7. Place of birth (Naming the state, territory, or country), 8. The month in which the person died, 9. Profession, occupation, 10. Disease, or cause of death, 11. Number of days ill.

The mortality schedule for Districts 1 and 2 of Whitley County, Kentucky enumerated 66 persons on three sheets, each of which had 35 lines. The single sheet for District 1 shows 22 people (Sheet 1), most of them children. One family alone lost 5 children in October 1849 to "fever". The two sheets for District 2 showed 44 people (35 on Sheet 2, 9 on Sheet 3).

The enumerator for District 2 wrote and signed the following statement under "Remarks" at the bottom of Sheet 2.

Several have The Typhoid fever was more fatal than [Common?] in my division during the last year. The Bloody flux has been raging in my division during the last [season?] and several have died since June 1850. The water is [free stored and pure?]. [Signed] W. [Flevok?]

Causes of death included fever, croup, consumption, worms, I brain (inflammation of brain), not known, T fever (typhoid fever), old age, jaundice, C birth (childbirth), accident, P [sore?] throat (putrid sore throat), chronic, B flux (bloody flux) [dysentery], D eating (dirt eating), and measles.

The "Race" and "Free or slave" columns are blank except for two individuals. One (District 1) was a Georgia-born 65-year-old man named "Jeff" who was "B" (Black), "S" (Slave), and "S" (Single). The other (District 2) was a Kentucky-born 4-year-old girl named "Elizabeth" who was "S" (Slave). Both died of typhoid fever. And both were the only people whose family name, if they had one, was not recorded.

1st sheet -- 22 persons, no Steeles
2nd sheet -- 35 persons, 6 Steeles
   2. Edmund Steele       72 M M Virginia May    Farmer T Fever    18
   3. Rebecca Steele      70 F M Virginia April         Old age
  10. Gerusha Steele      70 F W Virginia May           Psre throat 3
  14. Elizabeth A Steele   2 F S Kentucky Sept          B flux     16
  17. Sarah J Steele    2/12 F   Kentucky March         Fever      12
  35. James Steele        40 M   Kentucky Febry         T Fever    20
3rd sheet -- 9 persons, 1 Steele
   1. Susan Steele        36 F W Kentucky Dec?          T Fever    21

Gerusha Steele died of a putrid sore throat (P sore throat), which was probably a severe case of what would later be called a streptococcal infection or "strep throat". Edmund, James, and Susan died of typhoid fever (T fever), Sarah of just a fever, Elizabeth of bloody flux (dysentery), and Rebecca of just old age. Among the 66 people who reportedly died in Whitley County from June 1849 through May 1850, about 1/3rd died of typhoid fever and 1/6th of fever, which together accounted for 1/2 of all deaths.

Edmund and Rebecca Steele

Edmund Steele and Rebecca Steele, both born in Virginia and of similar age, are listed in succession. They may have been husband and wife.

James Steele and Susan Steele, both born in Kentucky, of similar age and both victims of typhoid fever, were also listed in succession. They, too, may have been husband and wife.

The other Steeles are not listed successively, perhaps because they were members of different Steele households.

Steeles in Baldwin-Steele

These are merely hunches. There were many Steeles in the area, some with the same or similar names. However, the ages of Gerusha, Edmund, and Rebecca in 1850 make them strong candidates for regard as members of the Steele family in the Baldwin-Steele line.

The "Edmund" Steele in the 1850 mortality schedule appears to be the "Edmond" Steele that some Steele family trees report was born 2 November [11 August?] 1777 in Montgomery County, Virginia, and died 4 May 1850 in Whitley County, Kentucky. The "Edmond" in family histories appears to have been a younger brother of Jonas Steele's father Samuel Steele (1775-1822), hence Jonas Steele's uncle and Martha Ellen Steele's great uncle. He was reportedly buried at Faddis Cemetery in Gap O'Ridge, Kentucky.

"Edmond" is said to have married Rebecca Beard on 17 September 1800 in Grayson County, Virginia. She was reportedly born 25 December 1778 in Virginia to Martin Beard and an unknown mother, died on 12 April 1857 in Whitley County, and also been buried at Faddis Cemetery.

The following Steeles are interred at Faddis Cemetery.

Edmond Steele (1777-1850)
Joseph Steele (1808-1889)
Rebecca (Beard) Steele (1778-1857)
Susannah (Hart) Steele (1810-1892)
William Steele (1863-1863)

The "Edmund" in the mortality schedule was 72 at the time of death in May 1850. The "Edmond" in the Steele family histories was also 72 at the time of his death in May 1850. They would appear to be the same person.

The "Rebecca" in the mortality schedule was 70 at the time of her death in April 1850. The "Rebecca" in the Steele family histories was 78 at the time of her death in April 1857. She would have been 71 in April 1850. It is not impossible that the two Rebecca Steeles are one and the same woman. But it is also possible that they were different.

"Gap o' the Ridge" was apparently the location of a two-room school that is no longer there. Some local people today apparently know the Faddis Cemetery as the Old Steele Cemetery.

Robert Steele in Steele-family lore

Linda (Henderson) Lewis), a Steele descendant, accepts the common wisdom among Steele family genealogists that the Steele line started in Scotland. She credits a "Mac McKinney" for providing lots of missing info on Edmond Steele and beyond. She digests the stories she has received about Robert Steele, allegedly the first American-born in her Steele line, like this.

The comments and data in [brackets] are mine (WOW). I have culled the data from various sources, some of which vary with Linda's account. All the following information is tentative.

Linda (Henderson) Lewis's story

Robert Steele [1750-1821] is my 5th Great Grandfather. He left his family home about 1770 and returned to Prince Edward County in Virginia where he married Mary "Polly" Keeling [1753-c1788] and settled back in the New River Area about 1771 or 1772. A hurried trip back to North Carolina by Samuel [Robert's older brother, bc1749] and Robert in 1773 is presumed to be connected to the death of Reuben [their father, 1720-c1770] who was lost at sea. Mary died in the late 1780's [c1788] and her 7 childres [sic] grew up without her. Robert then married Rebecca Oury [1770-c1835], a daughter of Wendel Oury and Katherine Peterpenner about a year later [c1890-1893]. This union produced 8 children. Robert's history is well documented in the book "A Gathering Of The Clan" by Carl Steele Jr. His military service is listed in the company of Capt Alexander Sayers. His will is recorded in 1821 shortly before his death and is listed in Carl Steele's book. It is not known if Robert was able to read or write since his last will was signed with an X and prefaced with "Rob" and witnessed by Samuel Repass, John Cregar and William Perry.

Mary Keeling's middle name seems to be "Helen". The name Kelen [sic] is carried through the family and several girls are so named. It is known that she was born and raised in Prince Edward County, Virginia and met Robert there when his family was temporarily displaced from Wythe County by Indian attacks. Robert's father Reuben, took his family to the Yadkin valley in North Carolina from their retreat in Prince Edward County and Robert brought Mary back to Wythe County after they were married about 1772. Mary's father and mother have been researched without success.

(NOTE: The above info was researched and provided by a Steele "Cousin")


Dr. Starr Steele

Lennie (Anstine) Severns's granddaughter, Darci Severns, related the following story to me (email, 30 October 2013).

Both my grandma Lennie and auntie Aura talked about a "cousin" named Dr. Starr Steele from Corbin Kentucky. I believe there was the first Dr. Starr Steele, perhaps a cousin of Lydia's and Ida's and recalling hearing that he had a grandson with the same name and was also a Dr. In Corbin. On Ancestry.com I've found a Starr Steele born in 1902 in Corbin Kentucky. It doesn't say that the person is a doctor. It does appear to be a man, cause the spouse's name is Lora.

This is typical of the hand-me-down stories I heard from my own parents and relatives, especially my mother and maternal grandmother, and am known to tell my own children. Such stories include hearsay within hearsay, which is inevitable when relating stories we hear from others who are themselves relating stories they have heard passed down to them. Such stories always have to be threshed to loosen the chafe from the grain, and then winnowed to separate the grain from the chafe.

Doctors Martin and Starr Steele

My pursuit of the kernal of truth in Darci's "Dr. Starr Steele" story led through a number of censuses and other records back to Martha Ellen Steele's family.

Dr. Starr E. Steele (1901-1988) was the son of Dr. Martin Wesley Steele (1876-1945).
Dr. Martin W. Steele was the son of George Conrad Steele (1846-1909).
George C. Steele was an older brother of Martha Ellen Steele (1863–1943).

So Dr. Martin Steele was Ellen's nephew, Lydia's 1st cousin, and Lennie and Aura's 1st cousin once removed. And Dr. Starr Steele was Ellen's grand nephew, Lydia's 1st cousin once removed, and Lennie's and Aura's 2nd cousin.

Martin Steele was a farmer at the time of his marriage. He later became a physician.

Starr Steele -- described in the 1930 census as a "physician (optometrist)" as opposed to his father, a "physician (general practice)" -- was an optometrist. He served several terms as president of the Kentucky Association of Optometrists and was also an officer of the 12-state Southern Council of Optometrists.

Martin W. Steele was Ellen (Steele) Baldwin's nephew, and Starr E. Steele was her grand nephew. Martin was a 1st cousin of the Baldwin sisters Sadie, Lydia, Meda, and Ida, and Starr was a 2nd cousin of the children of the Baldwin sisters, including Faye and Claude Williams (Sadie), Velma, Lennie, Aura, and Imogene Anstine (Lydia), Greta and Dale Ure (Meda), and William B. Wetherall (Ida) -- all of whom were 1st cousins.

That Lennie and Aura recalled a "Dr. Starr Steele" suggests that the families kept in touch, at least by mail, but probably also through visits. Ellen most likely visited Kentucky during one of her sojourns in Nebraska or trips to Iowa.

The descendants of Jonas and Elizabeth Steele in Idaho and Washington would have been proud of the fact that a Steele cousin had broken out of the farmer and coal miner mold of the Virginia and Kentucky Steeles and become a doctor.

Given the number of Steeles in the extended family of the Steele-Crockett progenitors from Scotland and Ireland, it was probably inevitable that at least one Steele not only aspire to be, but strive to become and succeed in becoming, a medical doctor. And the children of doctors benefit from the improvements in educational opportunities that come with the improvements in the family's economic conditions and social class.

Dr. Steele's office

Dr. Starr Steele's office was in the Corbin Bank Building on the corner of Main and Centre Street in Corbin. The building was one of several in Corbin nominated in 1986 for inclusion on the the National Register of Historic Places maintained by the National Park Service of the United States Department of Interior. The owner of the property described as "Corbin Bank Building, Main and Centre Street" was "Dr. Starr Steele, c/o Ronald Steele, 709 West Fifth, Corbin, Ky. 40701".

The 1930 census shows both the families of both Martin W. Steele and Starr E. Steele living at 709 Fifth Street in Corbin. The household includes Mark [sic = Martin] W. Steele (54), Physician, General Practice, his wife Dannie (51), Star [sic = Starr] Steele (28), Physician, Optometrist, his wife Lora (25), and their son Darrell (11/12). Martin W. Steele owns the home, valued at 3,000 dollars, and the family has a radio set.

The 1940 census shows the Starr E Steele family renting a home on Fifth Street in Corbin for 25 dollars a month. The household included Starr Steele (38), Optometrist, his wife Lora Steele (35), and their sons Darrell Steele (10) and Ronald Steele (5). In 1940, Martin W. Steele (64), Doctor, is living elsewhere in Corbin with his second wife, Elitha (31), and their son Deene R. Steele (3).

There are still, in drawers or trunks or boxes here and there, eyeglasses in cases that say "Dr. Starr Steele, optometrist -- Corbin, Kentucky".


3rd cousins X removed

Steele links with Davy Crockett

The Baldwin-Steele family descends from at least England, Scotland, Ireland, and France through several American colonies and territories including New York (NY), Massachusetts (MA), Virginia (VA), Tennessee (TN), and Kentucky (KY).

The following information is cobbled together from a number of different sources, none of them primary or even secondary. Some information appears to have originated from early European and American records before and after the founding of the United States, but nothing before the mid 19th century, and very little during the 19th century, has been confirmed by documentary evidence.

Whether there is any credibility to the received claims by some creators of

The crossings of Steele and Crockett paths from England, Scotland, Ireland, and France
1510s-1700sThe Steele path in England, Ireland, and Scotland
Generation Names of parents Born Died Affiliation
s0 Robert Steele 1510 England 1594 England England?
Ann 1510
Putative progenitor of Steele line descending to Steele-Grubb family.
Robert appears to have been English. The 16th century witnessed almost constant conflict between England and Scotland, as England sought control over Scotland.
s1 Richard Steele 1590 Ireland 1624 England?
Landers 1555 1593 Ireland?
Richard also appears to have been English. His birth and marriage in Ireland are most likely on account of his father being in the service of England in the course of its 16th-century expansion into Ireland, which was closely related to its expansion into Scotland.
s2 Sir Richard Steele 1620 England 1665-1712 England?
Sir Richard was probably knighted on account his service to the English crown in Ireland and Scotland.
s3 Sir Parker Steele 1660 Ireland 1693-1751 Scotland England?
Cockran 1665 Scotland 1694-1759 Ireland Scotland? Ireland?
Sir Parker was probably born in Ireland while his father was there in the service of England, and later served England in Scotland.
s4 Alexander Steele 1680 Scotland 1723-1781 Scotland England? Scotland?
Hannah King 1681 England 1729 Scotland England?
Alexander was probably born in Scotland on account of his father serving there. He and his wife, apparently an English woman, seem to have been settled in Scotland.
s5 Reuben Steele 1720 Scotland c1773 At sea England? Scotland?
Reuben Steele (s5) married Hannah Watkins Crockett (c3).
See remarks on Reuben Steele's migration to America and his death at sea (s5 c3).
1620s-1670sThe Crockett path from France
c0 Gabriel Gustave de Crocketagne c1600-1620 France c1694 France France
Putative progenitor of collateral lines of Hannah Crockett (c3) and David Crockett (c5).
c1 Antoine de Saussure Peronette de Crocketagne 10 Jul 1643 France aft 1692 Ireland France
Louise de Saix c1648 France bef 1687 Ireland France
Common ancestors of Baldwin-Steele descendants and David Crockett.
Marriage   Antoine and Louise married about 1669 in Bordeaux in France according to some accounts.
Children   The 1st of their 8 children is said to have been born in Bordeaux on 12 October 1672, the 2nd in Kenmore Parish in Ireland on 20 November 1674, and the other 6 also in Kenmore Parish, the 8th and last on 13 April 1685.
Migration to Ireland   The dates and places of birth of the children imply that Antoine and Louise migrated from France to Ireland between 1672-1674.
Political background   The de Crocketagnes are usually said to have fled to Ireland to evade religious persecution in France. But there is no hard evidence that they were so-called Huguenots, or that religious freedom was their primary object in moving to Ireland, probably via England. The 16th and 17th centuries were rife with civil strife between Protestants and Catholics, and wars between Protestant and Catholic kings vying for control of populations in France, England, Scotland, and Ireland. Territorial ambitions were also religious, and the vanquished were often subjected to religious persecution. Yet people migrated for many reasons, including economic. By the end of the 17th century, largely Protestant England had gained a free hand in largely Catholic Ireland and Scotland. England promoted not only the exportation of Catholics from Ireland (sometimes as slaves), but also the settlement of English, Scottish, and French Protestants, and even German Protestants who had originated in Germany as refugees from France and other Catholic countries.
Name change   When and how the family name "de Crocketagne" became "Crockett" is uncertain. The "de" may have been dropped sometime before "Crocketagne" was localized (Anglicized) to "Crockett". Who initiated such changes -- members of the family or record keepers unfamiliar or impatient with French names -- is uncertain.
c2 Joseph Louis Crockett 9 Jan 1676 Ireland 1749 Virginia Virginia?
Sarah Gilbert Stewart c1680 Ireland c1776 Virginia Virginia?
Joseph Louis Crockett (c2) was David Crockett's (c5) great grandfather. His niece, Hannah Watkins Crockett (c3), married Reuben Steele (s5).
Migration   Joseph and Sarah probably migrated to New York circa 1708-1709 (see foundation for this assumption in the note on the birth of their 4th son William David (c3). The Crocketts are usually said to have migrated to the Americas to seek religious freedom. Such imputations are commonplace in romantic national and family histories. Individuals and families migrated to the New World for multiple and complex reasons, not necessarily religious.
c3 William David Crockett 10 Aug 1709 New York 1770? 1777? Tennessee? Tennessee?
Elizabeth Hedge 1730 North Carolina 1777 Tennessee? Tennessee?
Birth in New York   William was the 4th born of 11 children, 6 sons followed by 5 daughters, born to Joseph and Sarah Crockett. He is the first American born, but the only one born in New York. His older brothers were born in Ireland, and all of his younger siblings were born in Virginia. Some researchers argue that, while family tradition says he was born during the voyage from Ireland to America, he was registered as having been born in the Huguenot colony in New Rochelle in New York in 1709.
Migration   The dates and places of the births of the children suggest that the William's parents, Joseph and Sarah Crockett (c2), migrated to America around 1708-1709.
Marriage   William and Elizabeth are supposed to have married around 1748.
Death in Tennessee   William is reported to have in 1770 in what by 1777, when he is also reported to have died, had become the Western District of North Carolina, a quasi-independent entity which later became the Western District of Tennessee. In the early 1800s, it became part of Carroll County, and then became Gibson County, in Tennessee. Most accounts allege that William and Elizabeth were killed by Cherokee Indians led by is said to have died in 1777 in Tennessee.
Grave marker   A grave marker in Rogersville in Hawkins County, Tennessee, declares -- "Here lie [William] David Crockett and his wife [Elizabeth] / grandparents of Davy Crockett / who were massacred near this spot / by Indians in 1777. / Division of History, State of Tennessee / 1927".
Tennessee   William David and Elizabeth are generally said to have been the first to settle, in 1775, near what by 1785 had become Rogersville, later the county of seat of Hawkins County in Tennessee. At the time it was a contested frontier.
c4 John M. Crockett c1753 Maryland (or VA?) c1794 or aft 1802 Tennessee?
Rebecca Hawkins c1756 Maryland Tennessee?
John and Rebecca married circa 1780. They appear to have had 9 children, the 6th of whom was David "Davy" Stern Crockett (c5).
c5 David "Davy" Stern Crockett 17 Aug 1786 Franklin 6 Mar 1836 Alamo, Texas Texas?
David Crockett reportedly had 3 children with his 1st wife and 4 with his 2nd.
Franklin emerged in 1784 as a semi-independent territory in the western part of North Carolina. It made a bid for statehood in 1785, but by 1888 the control of the territory had reverted to North Carolina. It then became part of the Eastern Territory that, in 1896, was admitted to the Union as Tennessee, it's 16th state.
Republic of Texas   In 1836, revolutionary forces in Tejas, which was part of Mexico, declared the territory an independent republic following victories over the Mexican army.
Alamo   Mexican forces, attempting to reclaim the territory, surrounded and laid siege to a garrison of Texians at the Alamo mission in present-day San Antonio. All the defenders, including Crockett and several volunteers who had accompanied him to Texas, were killed in the battle, which continues to fascinate historians and capture the imagination of myth makers.
Texas   The Mexican army, though victorious at the Alamo, failed to recover Texas, and in 1845 the "Lone Star State" was annexed by the United States as its 28th state. As such it gave up its claims to territories that were later parts of Kansas (34th state, 1861), Colorado (38th state, 1876), Wyoming (44th state, 1890), Oklahoma (46th state, 1899), and New Mexico (47th state, 1912).
Affiliation   Davy Crockett was closely affiliated with Tennessee, where he served in the state legislature as well as in the House of Representatives in Congress. Disenchanted by a failure to be elected in 1834, he went to Texas in 1835, hoping to contribute to the revolution brewing there, partly in opposition to Mexico's outlawing of slavery and indentured servitude, which American settlers in particular favored. Though a "Texian" for less than a year, Crockett died where his heart seems to have been at the time, and his ashes and those of other defenders, cremated en masse by the Mexican army, are buried somewhere near the Alamo in an unmarked grave -- or so the story goes.
1700s-1850sThe Steele path from Steele-Crockett to Steele-Grubb
c1 Antoine de Saussure Peronette de Crocketagne 10 Jul 1643 France aft 1692 Ireland France
Louise de Saix c1648 France bef 1687 Ireland France
Common ancestors of Baldwin-Steele descendants and David Crockett.
See above (c1) for remarks about their marriage, children, migration to Ireland, political background, and name change.
c2 Robert Watkins Crockett 18 Jul 1678 Ireland 16 Nov 1746 Virginia Virginia
Rachel Elizabeth Watkins c1683 Ireland c1710 Ireland Ireland
Robert Watkins Crockett (c2) and Joseph Louis Crockett (c2) were brothers.
As such he was David Crockett's great great uncle.

Robert and Rachel were 3rd cousins. They appear to have married in 1702.
c3 Hannah Watkins Crockett 20 Jun 1705 Ireland c1800 Ireland?
s5 Reuben Steele 1720 Scotland c1770 Scotland?
Hannah Elizabeth Crockett (c3) and William David Crockett (c3) were 1st cousins.
Affiliation   The Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England (which by then included Wales) became the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. Whether Reuben considered himself British, and apart from this whether he thought of himself as English or Scottish, or as Anglo-Scotch, is not clear.
Migration   Reuben reportedly arrived in Philadelphia in the early 1700s. He may have come directly from Scotland or possibly via Ireland. Hannah presumably came from Ireland with her father in the early 1700s.
Marriage   Reuben and Hannah appear to have married in Virginia around 1736.
Death   Reuben is usually reported to have died at sea. Apparently he was lost at sea on a voyage during a visit to Scotland, some reports say on the way back to America.
s6 c4 Robert "Robin" Steele 1750 Virginia 6 May 1821 Virginia Virginia
Mary "Polly" Keeling 31 Oct 1753 Virginia c1788 Virginia Virginia
Robert Steele (s6, c4) and John M. Crockett (c4) were 2nd cousins.
Affiliation   The 1st generation of American-born Steeles were Virginians as a matter of locality, but Virginia was a British-crown colony until Virginia declared its independence from Britain in 1775 -- a year after Patrick Henry, at the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia, said "I am not a Virginian but an American" (1774). It would be another year before representatives of all 13 colonies, by then at war with Great Britain, jointly signed "The unanimous Declaration of the Independence of the thirteen united States of America" (1776), another 5 years before the 13 states would ratify the "Articles of Confederation" (1777-1781), another 8 years before the formal start of the federal government of the United States of America under the Constitution (1789), by then ratified by 11 states (1787-1789), soon to be ratified by the other 2 original states (1789-1790). The history of "entity politics" is very convoluted. And matters of affiliation, whether legal (formal, authoritative) or emotional (informal, whether self-defined or socially ascribed), are even more complicated.
Virginia   Though the oldest of the 13 colonies (settled in 1607), Virginia (minus Kentucky) was the 10th entity to be admitted to the Union as a state (in 1788). When Virginia succeeded from the Union in 1861, its western counties succeeded from both Virginia and the Confederacy and incorporated themselves as West Virginia. The new entity declared itself on the side of the Union, and was admitted as the 35th state in 1863 at the height of the Civil War.
s7 c5 Samuel Steele 1775 Virginia Oct 1822 Kentucky Kentucky
Jerusha "Rusha" Powers 1780 Virginia May 1850 Kentucky Kentucky
Samuel Steele (s7, c5) and David "Davy" Stern Crockett (c5) were 3rd cousins.
Affiliation   The 2nd generation of American-born Steeles straddled Revolutionary War that resulted in the formation of the United States. However, their status as citizens of the new country derived from their status as affiliates of the Union States. State affiliations usually changed after resettlement in another state, as it does today.
Kentucky   Originally part of Virginia, Kentucky was settled in 1774, in 1775 became a contested territory, and was formally defined as a county of Virginia in 1776. It remained part of Virginia when the colony became a state in 1788, but it was separated from the state in 1789 and became the 15th state in 1792. Like Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts, it is formally a commonwealth.
Jerusha Powers appears to descend from the following families, which migrated to Massachusetts (MA) before Jonas Powers (II) migrated to Virginia.
  1. Shepard Isaac Shepard (b1571 England) and Mary (England)
  2. Deacon Ralph Shepard (bc1603 England, d1693 MA, migrated to MA before 1636) and Thanklord [Thanks, Thankes, Thankful, Thnkslord] Perkins (bc1612 England, c1681-1693 MA)
  3. Powers Trial [Tryal, Triall] Shepard (b1641 MA, dc1707-1708) and Walter Powers (bc1639 England [Ireland], dc1708 MA, migrated to MA in 1654)
  4. Jacob Powers (b1679 MA, d1768) and (2W) Edith Adams (1683-1776)
  5. Jonas Powers (I) (1719-1755/1775) and Mary Tryon (1716–1776)
  6. Jonas Powers (II) (b1742 MA, d1838 VA) and Jerusha Harmon (b1744)
  7. Steele Jerusha Powers (b1780 VA, d May 1850 Whitley KY) and Samuel Steele (b1775 VA, d Oct 1822 Whitley KY)
  8. Jonas Steele (b 18 Mar 1815 Whitley KY, d 4 Oct 1868 Whitley KY) and Elizabeth Grubb
s8 c6 Jonas Steele 18 Mar 1815 Kentucky 4 Oct 1863 Kentucky Kentucky
Elizabeth Grubb 28 Jul 1820 Virginia 2 Apr 1888 Kentucky Kentucky
Jonas Steele (s8, c6) and Davy Crockett (c5) were 3rd cousins once removed.
By this time, the Steele family is fully settled in Kentucky.
1860s-2010sThe Baldwin-Steele family and its descendants
s9 c7 Martha Ellen Steele 14 Oct 1863 Kentucky 27 Apr 1943 Idaho Idaho
Newton Bascum Baldwin 24 Dec 1862 Virginia 22 Mar 1919 Idaho Idaho
Martha Ellen (Steele) Baldwin (s9, c7) and Davy Crockett (c5) were 3rd cousins twice removed.
The Baldwins side of the family -- Newton Bascum in particular -- appears to have been the more restless side. Martha Ellen was the youngest of her Steele family.
Migration   Many Virginian farmers who migrated to Kentucky became, like many people already there, became coal miners. And for many such migrants, Kentucky was a temporary stop on a continuing quest for a better life in the newer midwest and even newer western territories and states.
s10 c8

1. Sada Elizabeth Williams 1883 Kentucky 1964 Idaho Idaho
2. Lydia Margaret Anstine 1 Apr 1886 Kentucky 31 Aug 1929 Nebraska Nebraska
3. Meda Jane Ure 12 Dec 1888 Kentucky Nov 1971 Washington Washington
4. Ida Mae Wetherall c Mar 1890 Kentucky 2 Apr 1923 Idaho Idaho
Ellen Baldwin's daughters (s10, c8) and Davy Crockett (c5) were 3rd cousins thrice removed.
Sada Elizabeth Williams Lydia Margaret Anstine Meda Jane Ure Ida Mae Wetherall
s11 c9

1st cousins
Faye M. Rebenstorf
Claude Jennings Williams
Velma Marie Anstine
Lennie Lee Severns
Aura Ellen Dey
Imogene Joyce LeBaron
Greta Ava Lemmer
Herbert Dale Ure
William Bascom Wetherall
Ellen Baldwin's grandchildren (s11, c9) and Davy Crockett (c5) were 3rd cousins 4 times removed.
s12 c10

2nd cousins
Marilyn Anne Disrud (Faye) Tex Lee Severns (Lennie)
Billie Rae Dorland (Lennie)
Shari (Imogene)
Debbie (Imogene)
Harlan Eugene Lemmer (Greta)
Lois C. Slater (Greta)
Douglas Ure (Dale)
Diane Richards (Dale)
Janice Christensen (Dale)
Wendy Davis (Dale)
William Owen Wetherall
Jerry Alan Wetherall
Mary Ellen Zweig
Ellen Baldwin's great grandchildren (s12, c10) and Davy Crockett (c5) are 3rd cousins 5 times removed.
s13 c11

3rd cousins
Todd Lee Disrud (Marilyn) Darci Severns (Tex)
Blake (Tex)
Paige (Billie)
Ty (Billie)
Lathan (Shari)
Brittany (Shari)
Brenda Kay (Lois)
Shelly Ann (Lois)
Bret Anthony (Lois)
Patricia Sue (Lois)
Andrew (Douglas)
David (Douglas)
Jamie (Douglas)
Terre (Diane)
Heather (Janice)
Oliver (Wendy)
Elliot (Wendy)
Gurditta (Mary Ellen)
Peter Owen (Mary Ellen)
Saori Orene (Billy)
Tsuyoshi Owen (Billy)
Ellen Baldwin's great-great grandchildren (s13, c11) and Davy Crockett (c5) are 3rd cousins 6 times removed.
s14 c12

4th cousins
Nate (Todd)
Sarah (Todd)
Dylan (Darci)
Tess (Darci)
Elise (Blake)
Jordan (?)
Michael (Patricia)
Ashley (Patricia)
Patricia (Patricia)
Jio (Ditta)
Amrita (Ditta)
Anri (Saori)
Anoushka (Ditta)
Ellen Baldwin's great-great-great grandchildren (s14, c12) and Davy Crockett (c5) are 3rd cousins 7 times removed.


10.8 Baldwin-McGee

James Alfred Baldwin and Nancy Ann McGee

Table 10.8   James Alfred Baldwin's family with Nancy Ann McGee
Table Name Birth Death Age Born Died Relics Vocation
0 James Alfred Baldwin 23 Apr 1864 21 Aug 1954 90 KY Annville Jackson KY McGee Cem KY Farmer
0 Nancy Ann McGee 22 Sep 1873 13 Apr 1946 72 Jackson KY Welchburg Jackson KY McGee Cem KY House keeper
1 William Chester Baldwin 1894 1971
2 Martha Leonie Baldwin 1895 1899 Abt 4
3 Steve Baldwin 1899 1965
4 Name unknown
5 John A. Baldwin 27 Oct 1903 13 Dec 1961 58
6 Roy Baldwin 1906 1980
7 Walter R. Baldwin 20 Jun 1910 4 Jun 1990 79 KY Fayette KY
8 Dorothy Ellen Baldwin 1913 2001
  1. James Alfred Baldwin was the 8th child and 5th son of John R. Baldwin, the 5th child and 4th son of John R. Baldwin with Margaret Howard. He was born in Jackson County, died in Annville in Jackson County, and was buried McGee Cemetery with his wife in Jackson County.
    Nancy Ann McGee was a daughter of Robert McGee and Malinda McGee.Baldwin. She was born in Jackson County, died in Welchburg in Jackson County, and buried in McGee Cemetry in Jackson County, Kentucky.
    James and Nancy had at least 8 children. By the 1900 census they had had 3 children of whom 2 survived. By the 1910 census 4 of 6 children had survived, and the 1920 census shows that they had at least 2 more surviving children.
    If the "James Baldwin" named on Margaret's death certificate James Alfred Baldwin, then it would appear that James was an undertaker as well as a farmer.
  2. William Chester Baldwin 1894–1971.
  3. Martha Leonie Baldwin 1895–1899. Died in childhood. 1900 census states that Nancy had borne 3 children of whom 2 survived.
  4. Steve Baldwin 1899–1965.
  5. Postulated 4th child, presumed to been born and died between 1900 and 1910 censuses, as 1910 census states that Nancy had borne 6 children of whom 4 survived.
  6. John A. Baldwin 27 Oct 1903 - 13 Dec 1961.
  7. Roy Baldwin 1906–1980.
  8. Walter R. Baldwin 1910–1990.
  9. Dorothy Ellen Baldwin 1913–2001.

Baldwin-McGee children


Chronology of Baldwin-McGee family through censuses

The following table is only a place holder.
Actual Baldwin-McGee census data will follow.

10.8 James Alfred Baldwin and Nancy Ann McGee

Baldwin-McGee family in 1860 to 1940 censuses
1860 1870 1880 1900 1910 1920 1925 1930 1940
James Alfred
Born 1862 Sturgeon
Pond Creek
Pond Creek
St. Maries
N. Bascum died in 1919. M. Ellen then lived in St. Maries, then in Nebraska, and then in St. Maries, in each place with a daughter.
Nancy Ann
Born 1863 Jofields
Pond Creek
St. Maries
St. Maries

Baldwin-Steele chronology

1860-1880 censuses

1860 census

1870 census

1880 census

1900-1940 censuses

1900 census

1910 census

1920 census

1930 census

1940 census


The following images and descriptions are place holders only.
Actual images and descriptions of Baldwin-McGee graves will follow.

Baldwin headstones Baldwin family headstones
Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Maries, Idaho
N. Bascum and M. Ellen Baldwin (back center)
Ida Baldwin Wetherall (front left)
Not Baldwin graves (front center right)
Wetherall Family photo
Baldwin headstone Bascum and Ellen Baldwin's headstone
Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Maries, Idaho
Photograph by Khat copped from Find A Grave
Williams headstones Sadie (Baldwin) Williams's headstone
Coeur dAlene Memorial Gardens, Idaho
Photograph by Michael Young copped from
Find A Grave
Williams headstones Faye (Williams) Rebenstorf's headstone
Coeur dAlene Memorial Gardens, Idaho
Photograph by Michael Young copped from
Find A Grave